Paez merchants, Colombia, 2005
|Regions with significant populations|
|traditional tribal religion, Roman Catholicism|
The Páez people, also known as the Nasa, are a Native American people who live in the southwestern highlands of Colombia, especially in the Cauca Department, but also the Caquetá Department lowlands and Tierradentro .
In the early 1900s, Lazarists built missions among the Paez and began the work to convert them to Christianity. Jesuits had originally tried to convert the Paez, but failed. However, the Lazarists met some success. The Paez developed a syncretic form of Roman Catholicism that absorbed their indigenous religion. For example, the Paez have shamans but many have also become Roman Catholic priests.
Since they live in the cold climate of the Andes, the Paez build their homes using brick, metal, cement, and wood. The Paez women raise and shear sheep for wool. They clean the wool, spin yarn from it, dye it and knit clothes and blankets for their families.
Punishment for wrongs is strict in the Paez culture. In June 2000, the Paez whipped an adulterious tribal leader and his mistress 17 strokes with a knotted leather whip. "As a Paez Indian," the flogged tribal leader said, "I'm proud to have received this punishment because it is glorifying my race." Stripping the one being punished of his clothing and dunking him in a cold mountain lake is another form of punishment—this was done to Senator Jesus Pinacue, a Paez who defied the community by supporting a political candidate in a presidential vote.
- Rappaport, Joanna (1985), "History, myth, the dynamics of territorial maintenance in Tierradentro, Colombia", American Ethnologist: 27–45.
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