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Nasar (Greek: Νασάρ), originally baptized Basil (Greek: Βασίλειος),[1][2] was a distinguished Byzantine military leader in the Byzantine–Arab conflicts of the latter half of the 9th century.


Not much is known about Nasar's family. His father Christopher held the supreme court position of magistros, and he had a brother named Barsanes.[1] Under Emperor Michael III (r. 842–867), he was appointed stratēgos of the Bucellarian Theme, one of the largest and most important of the Byzantine Empire's themata. In this capacity, together with the patrician Petronas, he participated in the Battle of Lalakaon in 863, where the Byzantines inflicted a crushing defeat on Umar al-Aqta, the emir of Melitene.[1] On their return to Constantinople, the two generals celebrated a triumph in the Hippodrome.[3]

In 879 or 880, Nasar replaced Niketas Oryphas as the droungarios of the Byzantine navy's Constantinople-based imperial fleet, and was sent by Emperor Basil I against the Tunisian fleet that was raiding the Ionian islands.[4] His fleet numbered 140 (according to Arab sources) or 45 (according to Byzantine sources) ships. A mutiny of the fleet's rowers forced him to stop for a while at Methoni, but discipline was restored and Nasar proceeded to score a significant victory in a night battle over the Saracens.[2] He then proceeded to raid Sicily, capturing many Arab ships and carrying off much booty and merchandise. Reportedly, the price of olive oil in the markets of Constantinople fell sharply as a result.[2] He then went on to support the concurrent land operations by the Byzantine generals Prokopios and Leo Apostyppes in southern Italy, before defeating another Muslim fleet off Punta Stilo; at the same time, another Byzantine squadron scored a significant victory at Naples. These victories were crucial to the restoration of Byzantine control over southern Italy (the future Catepanate of Italy), compensating to an extent for the effective loss of Sicily following the fall of Syracuse in 878.[2][4]


  1. ^ a b c Winkelmann et al. 2000, p. 335.
  2. ^ a b c d Kazhdan 1991, p. 1439.
  3. ^ Winkelmann et al. 2000, p. 336.
  4. ^ a b Pryor & Jeffreys 2006, pp. 65–66.


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