Naseem Hijazi

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Sharīf Husain (Urdu: شریف حسین), who used the pseudonym Nasīm Hijāzī (Urdu: نسیم حجازی, commonly transliterated as Naseem Hijazi, or Nasim Hijazi) (c. 1914- March 1996) was an Urdu writer. He was born at the village of Sujaanpur near town Dhariwal, district Gurdaspur, Punjab, before the independence of Pakistan and settled in Lahore in 1947. He lived most of his life in Pakistan and died in March 1996.

The writer[edit]

Among Hijazi's popular contemporaries were Ibn-e-Safi, Saadat Hasan Manto, and Shafiq-ur-Rehman, all having their particular line of literature. There are only two writers prior to Hijazi who wrote historic novels in Urdu: Abdul Haleem Sharar and Sadiq Sardhunwi.[citation needed]

Work[edit]

Naseem Hijazi bases most of his work in Islamic history. In dealing with this history, he shows both the rise and fall of the Islamic Empire. His novels Muhammad Bin Qasim, Aakhri Ma'raka, Qaisar-o Kisra and Qafla-i Hijaz describe the era of Islam's rise to political, militaristic, economic, and educational power. While Yusuf Bin Tashfain, Shaheen,[1] Kaleesa aur Aag, and Andheri Raat ke Musafir describe the period of Spanish Reconquista. In one of these novels (Kaleesa Aur Aag) he has painfully, yet truthfully, depicted the infamous Spanish Inquisition that began by targeting the Spanish Jews and ended also with the conversion or expulsion of the Moriscos or crypto-Muslims outwardly converted to Christianity.

In Akhri Chataan, he describes the Central Asian conquests of Genghis Khan and his destruction of the Khwarizm Sultanate. The novel shows the brutal conquests of the Mongols, the military geniuses of Genghis Khan, the undying will power of Sultan Jalal ud-Din Khwarizm Shah, and the unworthy condition of the Abbassid Caliphate of Baghdad.

He wrote two sequential novels on British conquest of India, and described the shortcomings of Indian nations after the collapse of Mughal Empire. Mu'azzam Ali starts a little before the Battle of Plassey. The lead character, Muazzam Ali, joins the fight against the British with the army of Siraj-ud-Daula. The story goes around as the character moves from one place in India to another in search of the lost glory and freedom. He takes part in the third battle of Panipat and finally settles in Srirangapattana, which was growing in power under the towering personality of Haider Ali. The book ends almost around the death of Ali. The second book, Aur Talwar Toot Gayee (And the Sword is Broken) is more about Haider's son Sultan Tipu, where the same character is finding his dreams being fulfilled in Tipu's valiant endeavors against the British East India Company. The book culminates in Sultan Tipu's sad and untimely martyrdom.

He also wrote a novel on the Independence of Pakistan named Khaak aur Khoon.

Hijazi's publications[edit]

  • Khaak aur Khoon ("Dirt and Blood")
  • Yousuf bin Tashfin ("Yousuf the Son of Tashfin")
  • Akhari Chattan (Volume-1) Online ("The Last Rock")
  • Akhari Chattan (Volume-2) Online ("The Last Rock")
  • Aakhari Marka ("The Last Battle")
  • Andheri Raat Ke Musafir ("Travelers of the Dark Night")
  • Aur Talwar Toot Gai (Volume-1) ("And the Sword was Broken")
  • Aur Talwar Toot Gai (Volume-2) ("And the Sword was Broken")
  • Daastaan-e-Mujahid ("Tale of the Fighter)
  • Gumshuda Qaafley' ("The Lost Caravans")
  • Insaan Aur Devta ("The Human and the Deity")
  • Kaleesa Aur Aag ("Church and Fire")
  • Muhammad Bin Qasim
  • Pakistan Se Diyare Haram Tak
  • Pardesi Darakht ("The Alien Tree")
  • Pouras Ke Hathi ("Poras's Elephants")
  • Qafla-e-Hijaz' ("The Caravan of Hijaz")
  • Qaisar-o-Kisra ("Caesar and Kisra")
  • Saqafat Ki Talaash ("In Search of Culture")
  • Shaheen (Volume-1) ("The Eagle")
  • Shaheen (Volume-2) ("The Eagle")
  • So Saal Baad' ("After 100 Years")
  • Sufaid Jazeera ("The White Island")

Naseem Ahmad Mohmand

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • A PhD thesis written on Hijazi's writing, titled "The Critical and Explorative Analysis of Nasim Hijazi's Historical Novel Writing", can be read online: [2]