||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2012)|
|Birth name||Naseem Rana|
September 20, 1942 |
Rawalpindi, British Punjab, British Indian Empire
|Years of service||1964-1999|
|Unit||Pakistan Army Corps of Signals|
|Commands held||Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI)
Weapon and Equipment Directorate
85th Signals Division
Combat Development Directorate
40th Army Infantry Division
|Battles/wars||Indo-Pakistani war of 1965
Indo-Pakistani Winter war of 1971
Soviet war in Afghanistan
Pakistan war in Afghanistan
|Awards||Plots in Defence|
|Other work||Secretary of Defence.|
Lieutenant-General Naseem Rana (Urdu: نسيم رانا; born 20 September 1942) is a retired three-star general in the Pakistan Army, who served as the director-general of the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) from 1995 to October 1998.
Rana was born in middle-class family of Rawalpindi, British Indian Empire in 1942, in the midst of World War II. After receiving his initial education, Rana went on to join the Pakistan Military Academy in 1960 as he received the letter of acceptance. Rana' gained his B.Sc. in Information technology and specialized in military communications. After his graduation, Rana was given commissioned in the Corps of Signals Engineering on 19 April 1964. Rana participated in Indo-Pakistani war of 1965 and led a Signals platoon. After the war, Rana was sent to complete a military staff course in Quetta. In 1967, Rana joined the Command and Staff College in Quetta and where he gained M.Sc. in Military science in 1969. Following his degree, Rana was promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel and commanded the Signal battalion.
Stationed close to the Indo-Pakistani border, Rana' commanded the Signals battlion during the Indo-Pakistani war of 1971. After the war, Rana' served in Lahore and later joined the National Defence University in 1974. In 1976, Rana obtained M.Sc. in Operational analysis and was promoted to the rank of Colonel. Following his degree, Rana was made Colonel on the Staff of the 40th Army Infantry Division and served there until 1980. In 1981, Rana went to United States and attended the United States Army Command and General Staff College.
Rana is a prominent attendee of the international Defence Management course in the United States where he gained specialized degree in operational and command analysis in 1984. After his education, Rana began in active duty and was stationed near the Pakistan-Afghanistan border where a major battle against the Soviet Union and her ally Soviet Afghanistan was undertaking. As part of the successful covert operations, Rana remained a vital part in the war and coordinated joint operations in the war. During the 1980s, Rana was made instructor at the School of Infantry and Tactics followed by academic professor at the Command and Staff College Quetta. In the late 1980s, Rana was promoted to 1-star Brigadier General and was made director-general of the Combat Development Directorate, and later he was made directorate-general of the Weapon and Equipment Directorate. In 1991, Rana was promoted to two star Major-General and was made General Officer Commanding of an Infantry Division based in Punjab.
In 1995, he was promoted to three star Lieutenant General and was appointed as the Director General of the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) as critical developments were taking place in Afghanistan.
War in Afghanistan
In 1996, a civil war was spread in all over Afghanistan involving the Afghan Taliban and the Northern Alliance. During the course of the civil war, Rana commanded the ISI in support of the Taliban, playing a pivotal role in providing help to irregular hardline forces supporting the Taliban against the United Front (Northern Alliance). In 1997, independent brigades of 40th Infantry and the Frontier Force Regiment moved to protect the Pakistani border from any infiltrations
From 1995 until 2001, Rana was the central planner for Pakistan's war in Afghanistan where he was responsible for coordinating military, intelligence, and strategic operations against the Northern Alliance. His role in the Pakistan war in Afghanistan was vital as he served as the commander of entire Pakistan Army's combatant elements in the Afghanistan. In 2005, Dr. Ayesha Siddiqa, one of Pakistan's top military scientist, wrote and published a book, titled "The Military Economy" providing the accounts of his military involvements in Afghanistan. Dr. Ayesha Siddiqa rendered him as Georgy Zhukov of Pakistan, due to his resemblance to Georgy Zhukov. She also noted in her book over his operational leadership that was highly compared to Georgy Zhukov by dr. Siddiqa.
Shortly after General Musharraf installed a military government, Rana was appointed as the Defence Secretary of Pakistan, a post he headed as Lieutenant-General until 2001. In the aftermath of terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, General Musharraf immediately removed him from the post as he was one of the primary figures involved with the Taliban in Afghanistan. Within days, Rana was re-located and decided to remained silent. Nowadays he lives in Islamabad.
- Naseem Rana at WikiMir
Javed Ashraf Qazi
|Director-General of the ISI
1995 – 1998
Iftikhar Ali Khan
|Defence Secretary of Pakistan
1999 – 2001
Hamid Nawaz Khan