Naseerullah Babar

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Major-General
Naseerullah Khan Babar
NaseerullahBabar220.jpg
Naseerullah Baber (1928–2011)
29th Minister of Internal Security
In office
21 October 1993 – 5 November 1996
President Farooq Leghari
Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto
Preceded by Fateh Khan Bandial
Succeeded by Omar Khan Afridi
12th Governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province
In office
1 March 1976 – 6 July 1977
President Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
Preceded by Syed Ghawas
Succeeded by Abdul Hakeem Khan
Personal details
Born 1928
Pirpiai, North West Frontier Province, British India
Died 10 January 2011[1]
Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province
Resting place Pirpiai, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan
Nationality Pakistani
Political party Pakistan Peoples Party
Alma mater Presentation Convent School, Peshawar
Pakistan Military Academy, Dehra Dun, Burn Hall
Occupation Military administrator
Profession Politician
Cabinet Zulfikar Bhutto Government
Bainazir Bhuttoo Government
Military service
Allegiance  Pakistan
Service/branch  Pakistan Army
Years of service 1948–1974
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Unit Pakistan Army Artillery Corps
Commands 23 Division, Jehlum
IG Frontier Corps
DG Military Intelligence
Battles/wars Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Awards Sitara-e-Jurat (1971)
Hilal-i-Jur'at (1973)

Major-General Naseerullah Khan Babar (Urdu: نصيرالله خان بابر; born 1928—10 January 2011) was Minister of Internal Security of Pakistan. He is also famous because of Operation against terrorists in Karachi. He was a retired 2-star general officer in the Pakistan Army, and later career military officer-turned statesman from, the Pakistan Peoples Party. In 1975, Babar took the early voluntarily retirement from the Pakistan Army to start his political career and joined the Pakistan Peoples Party immediately after retiring. A leading member of Pakistan People's Party, Babar was born in Pirpiai, North-West Frontier Province, British Indian Empire. His family is from the Babar tribe of Pakhtuns and hails from the village of Pirpiai in district Nowshera.

Having started his career in 1948, Babar rose to become a 2-star general and led Frontier Corps as its Commandant in 1974. During 1974, Babar was tasked to fund and train Afghan mujahedin, by the order of Bhutto, in order to suppress the government of Davood Khan, and disbandment of Pashtunistan policies led by the government of Davood Khan. This operation was a complete and ultimate success after which Baber proceeded to retire from the army, in order to start his career in politics. However, the operation took a new direction when he became governor of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa from 1975 to 1977 under Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto's government until his term was cut short due to Operation Fair Play— a clandestine operation undertaken to remove Bhutto. In 1988, Babar was the "Special Advisor on Internal Affairs" in Benazir Bhutto's first government and between 1993 till 1996, Babar was appointed and tenured as the Interior Minister during Benazir Bhutto's second government where he supervised and successfully contended the Operation Blue Fox.

Early education[edit]

Babar's early education was from Presentation Convent School, Peshawar, North West Frontier Province, British India, between 1935 to 1939. From 1939 to 1941 he attended Burn Hall School then located at Srinagar. The school was subsequently shifted to Abbottabad after the Partition of India in 1947. He also attended Prince of Wales Royal Indian Military College in Dheradun and joined the Pakistan Army in 1948. He was part of the first PMA long course which graduated in 1950.

Army career and Indo-Pakistani Wars[edit]

In his long career in the Army, Babar served in the Artillery Corps and Aviation. During the 1965 war with India, Babar single handedly captured an entire Indian company of soldiers (over 70 POWs) and was awarded Sitara-e-Jurat for this action.

In the 1971 war, he commanded an artillery brigade in support of 23 Division and later commanded an infantry brigade until he was wounded and evacuated from the battlefield. He also had the distinction of having been awarded SJ & Bar. In 1972, he was appointed Inspector General Frontier Corps. He resigned from the Army in 1974 while commanding an infantry division and was appointed Governor of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.

Joining the PPP[edit]

Babar joined the Pakistan People's Party (the PPP) in 1977 after the arrest of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. He famously threw away his Hilal i Jurat (with bar) and other army medals at the presiding officer of a military tribunal, when Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was hanged by the military regime of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.

Interior Minister 1993–1996[edit]

In 1988, Babar was a Special Assistant to the Prime Minister, Benazir Bhutto and successfully ran the election for Begum Nusrat Bhutto from Chitral during the preceding elections.

Elected in the 1993 general election on a People's Party Ticket from Nowshera, he defeated Awami National Party President Ajmal Khattak, with the PPP's victory in the election and was appointed Federal Minister for the Interior by Benazir Bhutto.

It is wrongly believed that General Naseerullah Babar was one of the major proponents of backing what eventually became the Taliban. Though he did support to provide some stability on Pakistan's Western border.

General Babar was also involved in a crackdown on MQM. He became famous after involving in Extra judicial killings in Karachi during operation clean up. This operation was very controversial. From the second quarter of 1996, Karachi became governable yet the political process to remove the grievances of people in urban Sindh was not launched.[2]

1997 and onwards[edit]

After the dismissal of Benazir Bhutto's second government by Farooq Leghari, Babar contested the 1997 elections again from Nowshera as well as from Karachi. He was defeated in Nowshera by ANP candidate Wali Muhammad Khan and from Karachi by Nawaz Sharif's nominee Ejaz Shafi.

Contesting again in the 2002 general elections he was defeated in the electoral sweep of the religo-political alliance the Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal, mainly due to Musharaff's goals of bringing Islamists in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan to power.

In October 2007, he left the Pakistan Peoples Party due to his disagreement with Benazir Bhutto over her support for General Pervez Musharraf. This action was considered as a major blow for the Pakistan Peoples Party because he was their major political leader in the Khyber-Pukhtunkhwa.

Death[edit]

On 19 August 2008, Naseerullah Babar suffered a mild stroke and was admitted to a hospital. He recovered and returned home in November 2008. Naseerullah Babar died on 10 January 2011.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Former interior minister Naseerullah Babar dies". Dawn. 10 January 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  2. ^ "INSTITUTIONAL DECAY AND VACILLATING LEADERSHIP". Pakistan & Gulf Economist. 1996. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Syed Ghawas
Governor of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
1976–1977
Succeeded by
Abdul Hakeem Khan
Preceded by
Fateh Khan Bandial
Interior Minister of Pakistan
1993–1996
Succeeded by
Omar Khan Affridi