Nasher clan

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House of Nasher
Nasher Crest
Country Afghanistan
Parent house Kharot
Founded 977 or 1709
Current head Mohammad Faraidoon Nasher

The Nasher are a noble Afghan family and Khans of the Kharoti (Ghilzai) tribe.[1] The family is originally from Qarabagh, Ghazni but founded modern day Kunduz in the early 20th century and lived there until the end of the Durrani monarchy in the late 20th century. Members of the family now live in the United States, England and Germany.

Origins and history[edit]

The Nasher are often referred tot he ancient Ghaznavid dynasty.[2][3][4][5][6] The Ghaznavids (Persian: غزنویان‎) were a Turko-Persian dynasty of mamluk origin who carved out an empire, at their greatest extent ruling large parts of Persia, much of Transoxania, and the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent from 977 to 1186 A.D..[7][8] When the Ghaznavid dynasty was defeated in 1148 by the Ghurids, the Ghaznavid Sultans continued to live in Ghazni.

Howerver, there is no evidence of a continued lineage to the Nasher. The earliest certain mention of the Nasher was in 1120 A.H (1709 A.D.),[9][10][11][12] [13] when Ghilzai Pashtun tribesmen under Khan Nasher successfully overthrew Safavid rule to establish the Ghilzai Hotaki dynasty, which controlled Afghanistan and Persia from 1719-1729 A.D. until Nadir Shah of Persia seized power in the Battle of Damghan.

The Nasher then lived as as (often still referred to as Ghaznavid[14][15][16][17][18]) Khans of the Kharoti (Pashto: خروټی), a Pashtun tribe of Ghilzai origin with an estimated population of about 5.5 million, making it one of, if not the largest tribes in Afghanistan, with significant territory throughout eastern and south-eastern Afghanistan: Ghazni, Zabul, Paktia, Khost, Logar, Wardak, Kabul and Nangarhar.[19][20]

In modern history[edit]

In the early 20th century, Sher Khan Nasher, Khan of the Kharoti tribe and governor of the Kunduz district launched an industrialisation campaign, founding the Spinzar Company, with major urban development and construction programmes.[21] [22] Economic development transformed Kunduz into a thriving city with new residential housing, schools, and hospitals for the factory workers.[23] Sher Khan Nasher also implemented Qizel Qala harbour that was later named Sher Khan Bandar in his honor.[24]

Sher Khan's nephew and stepson Gholam Serwar Nasher developed Spinzar further, employing over 30,000 people and maintaining construction companies, a porcelain factory and hotels in Kunduz and throughout Afghanistan.[25] As Khan of the Kharoti, Nasher supported fellow Kharoti Hafizullah Amin, who later became President of Afghanistan, financial support in his campaign.[26] Long before he became a radical, Nasher sent fellow Kharoti Hekmatyar to Kabul's famed Mahtab Qala military academy in 1968, as he considered him to be a promising young man.[27] After he was expelled from the Mahtab Qala, Nasher imprisoned him briefly for toying with Communist ideology.

The current governor of the Kunduz district is Nizamuddin Nasher Khan, considered to be the "last scion of a legendary Afghan dynasty" still living in Kunduz. [28][29]

The most populer Afghan singer, Farhad Darya Nasher, is a grandson of Sher Khan.[30]

Notable Family Members[edit]

Cities and places named after the Nasher[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Dupree, Louis: Afghanistan[31]
  • Emadi, Hafizullah: Dynamics of Political Development in Afghanistan. The British, Russian, and American Invasions[32]
  • Tanwir, Halim M.: AFGHANISTAN: History, Diplomacy and Journalism[33]
  • An Introduction to the Commercial Law of Afghanistan, Second Edition, Afghanistan Legal Education Project (ALEP) at Stanford Law School[34]


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  7. ^ C.E. Bosworth, "Ghaznavids" in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Online Edition 2006
  8. ^ C.E. Bosworth, "Ghaznavids", in Encyclopaedia of Islam, Online Edition; Brill, Leiden; 2006/2007
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  13. ^ Runion, Meredith L.: The History of Afghanistan, p. 63
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  19. ^ Personalities: An Examination of the Tribes and the Significant People of a Traditional Pashtun Province - Timothy S. Timmons and Rashid Hassanpoor (2007)
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  21. ^ Wörmer, Nils (2012). "The Networks of Kunduz: A History of Conflict and Their Actors, from 1992 to 2001" (PDF). Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik. Afghanistan Analysts Network. p. 8
  22. ^ Grötzbach, Erwin: Afghanistan, eine geographische Landeskunde, Darmstadt 1990, p. 263
  23. ^ Emadi, Hafizullah: Dynamics of Political Development in Afghanistan. The British, Russian, and American Invasions
  24. ^ Tanwir, Halim: AFGHANISTAN: History, Diplomacy and Journalism Volume 1
  25. ^ Reuter, Christoph: Power Plays in Afghanistan: Laying the Groundwork for Civil War, 49/2011 (Dec. 5, 2011) of DER SPIEGEL
  26. ^ WOODROW WILSON INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR SCHOLARS The KGB in Afghanistan-- English Edition --Vasiliy Mitrokhin Working Paper No. 40
  27. ^ Killing the Cranes: A Reporter's Journey through Three Decades of War in ...von Edward Girardet, p. 183
  28. ^ Reuter, Christoph: Power Plays in Afghanistan: Laying the Groundwork for Civil War, 49/2011 (Dec. 5, 2011) of DER SPIEGEL
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