Nashua, New Hampshire

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Nashua, New Hampshire
City
Main Street in downtown Nashua
Main Street in downtown Nashua
Official seal of Nashua, New Hampshire
Seal
Nickname(s): Gate City
Location in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire
Location in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 42°45′27″N 71°27′52″W / 42.75750°N 71.46444°W / 42.75750; -71.46444Coordinates: 42°45′27″N 71°27′52″W / 42.75750°N 71.46444°W / 42.75750; -71.46444
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Hillsborough
Incorporated 1746
Government
 • Mayor Donnalee Lozeau
 • Board of Aldermen Pamela T. Brown
June M. Caron
Paul M. Chasse, Jr.
David W. Deane
Jim Donchess
Richard A. Dowd
Brian S. McCarthy
Sean M. McGuinness
Mary Ann Melizzi-Golja
Daniel T. Moriarty
David Schoneman
Diane Sheehan
Ken Siegel
Michael Soucy
Lori Wilshire
Area
 • Total 31.8 sq mi (82.5 km2)
 • Land 30.9 sq mi (80.0 km2)
 • Water 0.9 sq mi (2.5 km2)  2.98%
Elevation 151 ft (46 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 86,494
 • Density 2,700/sq mi (1,000/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 03060-03064
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-50260
GNIS feature ID 0868677
Website www.nashuanh.gov

Nashua is a city in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States. As of the 2010 census, Nashua had a total population of 86,494,[1] making it the second largest city in the state (and in the three northern New England states) after Manchester.

Built around the now-departed textile industry, in recent decades it has been swept up in southern New Hampshire's economic expansion as part of the Boston region. Nashua was twice named "Best Place to Live in America" in annual surveys by Money magazine.[2] It is the only city to get the No. 1 ranking on two occasions—in 1987 and 1997.

History[edit]

City Hall in 2006

The area was part of a 200-square-mile (520 km2) tract of land in Massachusetts called Dunstable, which had been awarded to Edward Tyng of Dunstable, England. Nashua lies approximately in the center of the original 1673 grant. The previously disputed boundary between Massachusetts and New Hampshire was fixed in 1741 when the governorships of the two provinces were separated. As a consequence, the township of Dunstable was divided in two. Tyngsborough and some of Dunstable remained in Massachusetts, while Dunstable, New Hampshire, was incorporated in 1746 from the northern section of the town.

Located at the confluence of the Nashua and Merrimack rivers, Dunstable was first settled about 1655 as a fur trading town. Like many 19th century riverfront New England communities, it would be developed during the Industrial Revolution with textile mills operated from water power. By 1836, the Nashua Manufacturing Company had built three cotton mills which produced 9.3 million yards of cloth annually on 710 looms. On December 31, 1836, the New Hampshire half of Dunstable was renamed Nashua, after the Nashua River, by a declaration of the New Hampshire legislature (the Dunstable name lives on across the Massachusetts border).[3] The Nashua River was named by the Nashuway Indians, and in the Penacook language it means "beautiful stream with a pebbly bottom", with an alternative meaning of “land between two rivers”.[4] In 1842 the town split again in two for eleven years following a dispute between the area north of the Nashua, and the area south of the river. During that time the northern area (today "French Hill") called itself "Nashville", while the southern part kept the name Nashua.[3] They reconciled in 1853 and joined together to charter the "city of Nashua".[3] Six railroad lines crossed the mill town, namely the Boston, Lowell and Nashua; Worcester and Nashua; Nashua and Acton; Nashua and Wilton; Concord and Nashua; and Rochester railroads; with 56 trains entering and departing daily in the years before the Civil War.[3][5] These various railroads led to all sections of the country, north, east, south, and west. The Jackson Manufacturing Company employed hundreds of workers in the 1870s.[6]

Like the rival Amoskeag Manufacturing Company upriver in Manchester, the Nashua mills prospered until about World War I, after which a slow decline set in. Water power was replaced with newer forms of energy to run factories. Cotton could be manufactured into fabric where it grew, saving transportation costs. The textile business started moving to the South during the Great Depression, with the last mill closing in 1949. Many citizens were left unemployed. But then Sanders Associates, a newly created defense firm that is now part of BAE Systems, moved into one of the closed mills and launched the city's rebirth. Sam Tamposi is credited with much of the city's revival. The arrival of Digital Equipment Corp. (now part of Hewlett-Packard) in the 1970s made the city part of the Boston-area high-tech corridor.

Geography[edit]

Nashua River Dam in 2006

Nashua is located at 42°45′04″N 71°28′51″W / 42.751038°N 71.480817°W / 42.751038; -71.480817 (42.751038, -71.480817).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.8 square miles (82.4 km2), of which 30.9 sq mi (80.0 km2) is land and 0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2) is water, comprising 2.98% of the city. The eastern boundary of Nashua is formed by the Merrimack River, and the city is drained by the Nashua River and Salmon Brook, tributaries of the Merrimack. The Nashua River roughly bisects the city. The highest point in Nashua is Gilboa Hill in the southern part of the city, at 426 feet (130 m) above sea level.[8]

Neighboring cities and towns[edit]

The city is bordered on the east by the Merrimack River, across which lies the town of Hudson, New Hampshire.

Climate[edit]

Nashua has a four-season humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), with long, cold, snowy winters, and very warm and somewhat humid summers; spring and autumn in between are relatively brief transitions. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 22.7 °F (−5.2 °C) in January to 70.9 °F (21.6 °C) in July. On average, there are 9.4 days of 90 °F (32 °C)+ highs and 8.7 days of sub-0 °F (−18 °C) lows. Precipitation is well-spread throughout the year, though winter is the driest. Snowfall, the heaviest of which is typically delivered through nor'easters, averages around 55 inches (140 cm) per season, but can vary widely from year to year.

Climate data for Nashua, New Hampshire
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 33.2
(0.7)
37.2
(2.9)
45.2
(7.3)
57.9
(14.4)
68.9
(20.5)
77.3
(25.2)
82.4
(28)
81.1
(27.3)
73.3
(22.9)
61.5
(16.4)
50.1
(10.1)
38.5
(3.6)
59.0
(15)
Average low °F (°C) 12.3
(−10.9)
15.2
(−9.3)
23.4
(−4.8)
33.6
(0.9)
44.1
(6.7)
54.0
(12.2)
59.3
(15.2)
57.6
(14.2)
49.3
(9.6)
37.2
(2.9)
29.3
(−1.5)
19.4
(−7)
36.3
(2.4)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.42
(86.9)
3.36
(85.3)
4.30
(109.2)
4.36
(110.7)
4.07
(103.4)
4.40
(111.8)
3.88
(98.6)
3.91
(99.3)
3.72
(94.5)
4.44
(112.8)
4.26
(108.2)
3.85
(97.8)
47.97
(1,218.5)
Snowfall inches (cm) 16.5
(41.9)
13.2
(33.5)
10.7
(27.2)
0.8
(2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
trace 2.1
(5.3)
11.6
(29.5)
54.9
(139.4)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.4 8.5 9.9 11.0 12.0 11.5 10.4 9.1 8.8 9.9 10.7 9.6 120.8
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 5.7 4.2 3.5 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.0 3.9 18.7
Source: NOAA (normals 1981−2010)[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 632
1800 862 36.4%
1810 1,049 21.7%
1820 1,142 8.9%
1830 2,417 111.6%
1840 6,054 150.5%
1850 5,820 −3.9%
1860 10,065 72.9%
1870 10,543 4.7%
1880 13,397 27.1%
1890 19,311 44.1%
1900 23,898 23.8%
1910 26,005 8.8%
1920 28,379 9.1%
1930 31,463 10.9%
1940 32,927 4.7%
1950 34,669 5.3%
1960 39,096 12.8%
1970 55,820 42.8%
1980 67,865 21.6%
1990 79,662 17.4%
2000 86,605 8.7%
2010 86,494 −0.1%
Est. 2012 86,933 0.5%
Police Station c. 1908

As of the census of 2010,[10] there were 86,494 people, 35,044 households, and 21,876 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,719.9 people per square mile (1,050.2/km2). There were 37,168 housing units at an average density of 1,202.8 per square mile (464.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.4% White, 2.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 6.5% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.6% from some other race, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.8% of the population.

There were 35,044 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.6% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 27.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.5 years. For every 100 females there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.

In 2011 the estimated median income for a household in the city was $60,923, and the median income for a family was $76,612. Male full-time workers had a median income of $60,365 versus $43,212 for females. The per capita income for the city was $30,937. About 4.6% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.4% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.[11]

Government[edit]

The city's government is headed by a mayor and fifteen aldermen: six at-large aldermen elected three at a time every four years, and nine ward aldermen, one for each ward in the city, elected every two years.

In the New Hampshire General Court, Nashua is represented in the House by Hillsborough County's 20th (Ward 1), 21st (Ward 2), 22nd (Ward 3), 23rd (Ward 4), 24th (Ward 6), 25th (Ward 7) and 26th (Wards 5, 8 and 9) districts and in the Senate by District 12 (Wards 1, 2, 5 and 9, shared with Hollis, Mason, and Brookline) and District 13 (Wards 3, 4, 6, 7, and 8).

Economy[edit]

Main Street c. 1905

Nashua's downtown is a regional commercial, entertainment, and dining destination. Recent plans have incorporated the Nashua River into the design of a pedestrian-friendly walkway. The Nashua Riverwalk is a large, public/private venture funded through the use of Tax Increment Financing (TIF).

The large commercial districts located on Amherst Street (Route 101A) and Daniel Webster Highway are shopping havens, with the one at Daniel Webster Highway, including the Pheasant Lane Mall, attracting many people from Massachusetts taking advantage of the nonexistence of sales tax in New Hampshire.

The city is home to a number of technical firms, including Nashua Corporation, which took its name from the city and river. Nashua Corp. was a leading producer of floppy disks through the early 1990s, making the Nashua name well known in the world of personal computers.

Defense contractor BAE Systems (formerly Sanders Associates), computer firm Hewlett-Packard, Dell, and software company Oracle Corporation are the largest representatives of the high-tech industry prominent in the region. The Boston Air Route Traffic Control Center is located in Nashua.

The city is in the process of building what many locals call the "Broad Street Parkway", a major highway development that will connect Nashua's Welcome Center off Exit 6 to the city's downtown area ("Tree Streets" neighborhood), with the goal of easing traffic congestion and opening up Nashua's old mill-yard as part of the city's economic development. Work on the project is expected to start in May 2011 and be completed by 2014. The new Parkway will provide a third crossing of the Nashua River, and a way for traffic to avoid Library Hill, a busy downtown intersection. The idea of a road connecting Broad Street with Hollis Street within the city has been discussed since the 1960s.[12]

The city is currently working with Renaissance Downtowns, a Plainville, New York development company, to develop a mixed commercial and residential development on 26 acres (11 ha) of city and privately owned land off Bridge Street. A riverfront location and proximity to downtown have made the site attractive to developers. The property is 12 mile (800 m) from Main Street and lies along the Nashua and Merrimack rivers near Veterans Memorial Bridge, the eastern gateway to the city.[13]

Transportation[edit]

Entrance of Boire Field, Nashua's airport

The Everett Turnpike is the major highway running through the city. U.S. Route 3 follows the turnpike from the Massachusetts border north to exit 7E, where it branches to the northeast along the two-lane Henri A. Burque Highway to Concord Street and then heads north into the town of Merrimack. Nashua Airport (Boire Field), a general aviation facility, is in the city's northwest corner. The nearest commercial airports are Manchester-Boston Regional Airport in Manchester, and Logan International Airport in Boston. Public transportation is provided by the Nashua Transit System, which runs a bus line. Efforts are being made to extend the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority's commuter rail Lowell Line from Lowell to Nashua. The state legislature created the New Hampshire Rail Transit Authority (NHRTA) in 2007 with the goal of overseeing the development of commuter rail in the state. In 2011, Republican lawmakers introduced a bill (HB 218) to eliminate the NHRTA. Currently, proposed commuter rail stops include Nashua, Manchester and Concord.[14]

Maps of the Nashua area often show a stretch of freeway forming a circumferential highway through Nashua and the neighboring town of Hudson. Only a small section of the south end of this highway (Exit 2 off U.S. Route 3) has been built, and it is unclear whether the highway will ever be completed. If finished, the Nashua-Hudson Circumferential Highway would be part of the Everett Turnpike, and would rejoin the mainline highway at a hypothetical Exit 9 in northern Nashua.

Boston Express, a subsidiary of Concord Trailways operates a Nashua-Boston bus line that runs out of the Nashua Transit Center off of Exit 8 on the Everett Turnpike (used to service Exit 6 until late October 2010). This bus line transports passengers to South Station and Logan International Airport in Boston.[15]

Media[edit]

The city has a daily newspaper, the Nashua Telegraph, which is printed in neighboring Hudson, New Hampshire. Nashua also has two weekly newspapers, The Broadcaster and The Hippo.

AOL's Patch Media has a local-news site in the city, Nashua Patch.[16]

Nashua radio stations include WGHM 900 AM (FOX Sports Radio), talk WSMN 1590 AM, back on the air after going dark in January 2005, and 106.3 WFNQ, a classic hits station owned by Nassau Broadcasting Partners. WEVS 88.3 and 90.3 serve as the stations for New Hampshire Public Radio.

One television station is licensed to Nashua. WYCN-LP, a low power, community-based television station branded as tv13 Nashua, is owned and operated as an independent channel by WBIN-TV located in Derry, New Hampshire. The bulk of programming on WYCN-LP is a rebroadcast of the Family Network.

The City of Nashua also provides three channels of PEG Access television. Nashua Government TV can be found on Comcast cable channel 16, and Nashua ETV (Educational Television) can be found on Channel 99. The City of Nashua also contracts out the operation of its Public Access Channel (Access Nashua) to Community Media Services group. Access Nashua can be found on Comcast cable channel 96. All three Nashua PEG Access channels also stream their content and offer video-on-demand through the City of Nashua website.

Education[edit]

In the 2000 U.S Census, 22,700 residents over age three were enrolled in a Nashua educational institution, approximately a fourth of the city.[17]

Secondary schools[edit]

Public

In 2004, Nashua's public high school was split into Nashua High School South (home of the Purple Panthers, opened in 1976 and rebuilt/reopened in 2004) and the new Nashua High School North (home of the Titans, opened in 2002) off Broad Street.

Before Nashua High School (now Nashua High School South) opened in 1976, what is now Elm Street Middle School was the city's high school. With the new high school opening in 1976, the old high school became Elm Street Junior High School. In 2004, the school became Elm Street Middle School, after a city-wide reorganization of grades: Nashua's elementary schools went from [K]-1-6 to [K]-1-5, and junior high schools serving grades 7-9 were replaced by middle schools serving grades 6-8. Elm Street is still commonly referred to as Elm St. Junior High by many city residents and officials.

Private

Bishop Guertin High School, a coeducational Catholic high school,

Public Charter School: Academy for Science and Design

Middle schools[edit]

Pennichuck Middle School
Public
Private
  • Nashua Catholic Junior High School
Bicentennial Elementary School

Colleges[edit]

Daniel Webster College entrance

Nashua is not considered a college town compared to locales such as Durham or Keene, New Hampshire, but as of 2006 the city has 5,000 students enrolled at six colleges: Daniel Webster College, Nashua Community College, Rivier University, Southern New Hampshire University Nashua campus, Franklin Pierce University Nashua campus, and Granite State College, which in 2012 opened a co-location on the campus of Nashua Community College, expanding public higher education opportunities for the region.[18]

Sports[edit]

Nashua has had a series of professional baseball teams. The Nashua Silver Knights, part of a summer collegiate league, is the city's current team. The Nashua Pride, a Can-Am minor league baseball team, played at Holman Stadium from 1998 through 2008, then changed to the American Defenders of New Hampshire in the 2009 season. The Defenders were evicted from the venue in August 2009, however, because of non-payment of rent, and moved to Pittsfield, Massachusetts to become the Pittsfield Colonials. Before the Pride, Holman was the home stadium for the independent Nashua Hawks; the AA Nashua Pirates; the AA Nashua Angels; and the A Nashua Dodgers, the first racially integrated professional baseball team in the 20th century.[19]

In collegiate sports, Nashua is home to the Daniel Webster College Eagles and Rivier University Raiders, who compete in the Great Northeast Athletic Conference or GNAC.

The Spartans Drum and Bugle Corps (1997, 1998, 2004, and 2007 Drum Corps International Division II World Champions) is based in Nashua.

Notable people[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

A few episodes of TV show The Office were set in a fictional Nashua branch of Dunder Mifflin. An episode of MTV's MADE was filmed in 2004 at Nashua High School North.[20]

In an episode of the second season of The West Wing, In the Shadow of Two Gunmen, Part II, during a flashback Josh Lyman asks Sam Seaborn to join him in Nashua to see "the real thing" referring to a candidate with whom Josh could get behind in representing, Josh visits a town hall in Nashua. The candidate turned out to be Josiah Bartlet, the next President of the United States.

A television commercial discussing Boston Red Sox second baseman Dustin Pedroia was filmed in Nashua for ESPN at a bar and deli called Nashua Garden. The 30-second ad debuted in April 2011 on the sports cable network.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  2. ^ "Nashua cracks Money’s top 100", Nashua Telegraph, July 13, 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d Nashua History on city website
  4. ^ “A Short History of Nashua” on the city website
  5. ^ http://gedcomindex.com/Reference/New_Hampshire_1875/264.html [Statistics and Gazetteer of New Hampshire, 1875]
  6. ^ http://gedcomindex.com/Reference/New_Hampshire_1875/265.html [Statistics and Gazetteer of New Hampshire, 1875.]
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "City of Nashua Conservation and Preservation, Section B ("Natural Nashua"), Section 1 ("Topography")". Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Station Name: NH NASHUA 2 NNW". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-03-12. 
  10. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data, Nashua city, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder. Retrieved November 9, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2011 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates (DP03), Nashua city, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2013. 
  12. ^ http://www.nashuarpc.org/publications/transportation/tip/2011_2014_TIP%20Adopted_102010.pdf
  13. ^ http://renaissancedowntowns.net/pdfs/bridge-st-development-discussed.pdf
  14. ^ Chasse, Amelia. (2011-03-15) Business groups unite to support NH Rail Transit Authority « New Hampshire Journal. Nhjournal.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-02.
  15. ^ [1][dead link]
  16. ^ Nashua Patch
  17. ^ "Profile of Selected Social Characteristics. 2000", U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data.
  18. ^ [2][dead link]
  19. ^ Gray, Kevin (2005-10-06). "Don Newcombe diversity dinner speaker Jan. 16". New Hampshire Cultural Diversity Awareness Council. Retrieved 2007-10-20. "As members of the Nashua Dodgers, Campanella and Newcombe were the first professional, African-American baseball players to compete on a racially integrated U.S. team in the 20th century." 
  20. ^ Hippo Press: "MTV: Back in Nashua?"
  21. ^ http://www.nashuatelegraph.com/news/928317-196/downtown-eatery-turns-to-loads-plate-with.html

External links[edit]