Nashville Metropolitan Transit Authority

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Nashville Metropolitan Transit Authority
Nashville mta logo.png
Founded 1973
Headquarters 400 Charlotte Avenue, Nashville, TN
Service area Nashville-Davidson County
Service type bus service, bus rapid transit, paratransit, park and ride
Routes 55
Hubs Music City Central
Stations 6 Music City Star stations
Fleet 137 (bus), 40 (AccessRide)
Chief executive Stephen G. Bland
Website nashvillemta.org

The Nashville Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA) is a public transportation agency based in Nashville, Tennessee. Consisting of city buses and paratransit, the system serves Nashville and Davidson County. Most bus routes serve the downtown transit station, Music City Central. This makes MTA the largest transit agency where most of the bus routes terminate in a Central Business District with no crosstown service. The crosstown services that do not terminate in downtown Nashville are the University Connector (route 21), the Edmondson Pike Connector (route 72), and the Madison Connector (route 76).[1]

The University Connector (route 21) began on Sunday, September 30, 2012. This route provides cross-town service connecting six universities including Tennessee State University, Meharry Medical College, Fisk University, Vanderbilt University, Belmont University and Lipscomb University. Buses travel via the new 28th/31st Avenue Bridge every 30 to 60 minutes on weekdays and hourly on weekends. The route provides transfer points to 10 other MTA bus routes.[2]

In addition, MTA partnered with the Metro Arts Commission, which commissioned six artist-designed transit shelters are placed along the new 28th/31st Avenue Bridge.[3][4]

The MTA was the only transit agency in the country to implement payment with credit card at the fare box. That proof of payment approach has since been discontinued as of March 2009.[5]


History[edit]

The first public transportation in Nashville began in 1860 when the McGavock and Mt. Vernon Horse Railroad Company and the South Nashville Street Railroad Company were joined together to create a public transportation system using steam and mules to power rail cars. The first electric streetcar in Nashville came in 1889. Over the years, several different companies offered transit in Nashville. The first buses came in 1926, as a complement to the preceding rail lines. In 1930, Tennessee Electric Power Company took over the transit system and phased out streetcars 10 years later. In 1953, the company was reorganized and changed its name to Nashville Transit Company. The next 20 years saw the decline of public transportation in Nashville and the rise of the automobile. This led to higher fares and service cutbacks for the transit system. In order to keep public transportation in the city viable, Metro-Nashville government purchased the Nashville Transit Company and created the Metropolitan Transit Authority in 1973.[6]

Due to the flood in May, 2010, Nashville MTA suffered losses to their fleet and their maintenance/administration offices. The total losses amounted to 42 buses, nearly 50 paratransit vans, various other support vehicles and severe damage caused to both the maintenance/administration offices and to the Riverfront Music City Star train station. Service was interrupted for 4 days, with limited service being restored afterwards for the next four weeks. In early June, 2010, Nashville MTA obtained loaner buses and other vehicles from surrounding transit agencies, including Memphis, Cincinnati, Clarksville and others. Regular transit service was restored shortly thereafter.


MTA System[edit]

The MTA bus system serves all of Nashville and Davidson County. While no bus service is directly provided to the autonomous Davidson County incorporated community of Forest Hills, some service is provided, though, to Belle Meade, Berry Hill, Goodlettsville and Oak Hill.[7]

Service to the autonomous Davidson County incorporated community of Lakewood began on Monday, April 30, 2012.[8] Route 27 Old Hickory provides weekday service in Old Hickory via Lakewood. Buses travel to and from downtown Nashville and Madison. New park-n-rides are located at the former City Hall in Lakewood and at the MTA Administrative Offices on Myatt Drive in Madison.[9]

AccessRide[edit]

MTA offers a paratransit service operating specialized van services for people with disabilities unable to use regular bus routes. AccessRide provides door-to-door paratransit service in Davidson County within 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from a regular bus route. MTA’S AccessRide also provides elderly people with a way to get to doctors appointments and pick up medication.

Park-n-Ride[edit]

MTA also has a Park-n-Ride program where riders can park their cars in a designated parking lot and ride the bus into town. Most riders make use of the park-n-ride program to get to places like LP Field and local restaurants

Fleet[edit]

MTA operates four varieties of buses in their normal operations.

  • Gillig Low-Floor 40 ft (12 m).
  • Neoplan Transliner Articulated Bus
  • Nova Rapid Transit Series #2
  • North American Bus Industries 60 ft (18 m). Hybrid Articulated Bus

Ticket Cost[edit]

The cost of tickets mainly depends on the riders age and the number of days or rides the ticket permits. An adult ticket allowing 31 days of unlimited rides (31-day pass) will typically cost less than that of a youth. Some riders receive special discounts because of mental or physical disability.


Regional Transportation Authority (RTA)[edit]

Outside of Davidson County, MTA collaborates with the Regional Transportation Authority (RTA) to provide express service to Brentwood, Franklin, Gallatin, Hendersonville, Lavergne, Smyrna, Murfreesboro, Spring Hill, Joelton and Springfield. MTA also provides connecting bus service with the Music City Star at Riverfront Station in downtown Nashville (linked by downtown shuttles), and Donelson and Hermitage stations within Nashville along the system's East Corridor Line.

In addition, RTA held two public hearings on April 24, 2012 regarding proposed regional express bus service from Clarksville to Nashville.[10][11]

The new express bus service (94X Clarksville Express) began June 1, 2012. Buses depart weekdays from the Clarksville Rossview Road Park-n-Ride at the Music City Central in downtown Nashville at 6:45 a.m. and 7:45 a.m. The Clarksville Transit System (CTS) provides local bus service to and from the RTA park-n-ride serving the route. CTS fares applies for connecting CTS service.[12] On Monday, April 1, 2013 the 94X Clarksville Express began service to Cheatham County with a stop in Pleasant View. A Park & Ride lot is located at 1502 Substation Road in Pleasant View.[13]

Three new RTA bus routes (Routes 84X Murfreesboro Express, 86X Smyrna/La Vergne Express and 87X Gallatin Express) began on Monday, October 1, 2012.

New Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) funding provides resources for a separate express bus route from Murfreesboro to Nashville. Route 84X Murfreesboro Express begins service at Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU), continue to a new Park-n-Ride at the North Boulevard Church of Christ on North Rutherford Boulevard, and then continue on Rutherford and Northfield to NW Broad Street where it travels to Nashville via I-840W and ultimately I-24W.

In addition to the express buses from Murfreesboro, RTA CMAQ funding also provides for a separate express bus route from Smyrna and La Vergne. Buses for Route 86X Smyrna/La Vergne Express begin service at the Smyrna Kmart Park-n-Ride, continue to La Vergne and to I-24 via Waldron Road.

New Route 87X Gallatin Express provides additional service to Gallatin, including a portion previously served by Route 92X. A second Park-n-Ride lot in Gallatin is located at the Gallatin Farmers’ Market.[14]

Dickson’s Planning Commission recently endorsed a plan to establish Park & Ride locations within Dickson, TN that will support express bus service expected to begin in the summer 2014. The express is expected to make a stop in Cheatham County.[15] Dickson County Mayor Bob Rial said that the idea is to have a stop in Dickson, Burns and/or White Bluff where residents could catch a commuter bus that would take them to a landport in the West End area. From there a shuttle bus will run through the heart of downtown and into East Nashville with several stops along the way.[16] On Monday, April 28, 2014, bus service between Nashville and Dickson began as a two-week pilot project. RTA operated the pilot project to gauge the interest of commuters in Dickson.[17] On Monday, July 21, 2014, The Dickson County Commission agreed to help fund an express commuter bus service to Nashville. The service was expected to officially launch in September 2014, composing of two buses that would depart from Dickson each morning and two that would return from Nashville on weeknights, [18] but the local site for a Park and Ride has not yet been identified, causing a delay in the start of the express bus service until a location is found.[19]

Bus Route List[edit]

  • 1 100 Oaks
  • 2 Belmont
  • 3 West End/White Bridge Road
  • 4 Shelby
  • 5 West End/Belluve
  • 6 Lebanon Road
  • 7 Hillsboro
  • 8 8th Avenue South
  • 9 MetroCenter
  • 10 Charlotte Tardy
  • 12 Nolensville Road
  • 14 Whites Creek
  • 15 Murfreesboro Road
  • 17 12th Avenue South
  • 18 Airport/Elm Hill Pike
  • 19 Herman
  • 20 Scott
  • 21 University Connector
  • 22 Bordeaux
  • 23 Dickerson Road
  • 24X Bellevue Express
  • 25 Midtown
  • 26 Gallatin Road
  • 27 Old Hickory
  • 28 Meridian
  • 30 McFerrin
  • 33X Hickory Hollow Mall/Old Hickory Express
  • 34 Opry Mills
  • 35X Rivergate Express
  • 36X Madison Express
  • 37X Tusculum/McMurray Express
  • 38X Antioch Express
  • 41 Golden Valley
  • 42 St. Cecilia/Cumberland
  • 43 Hickory Hills
  • 44 MTA Shuttle
  • 55 Murfreesboro Pike BRT Lite
  • 56 Gallatin Road BRT Lite
  • 60 Music City Blue Circuit
  • 61 Music City Green Circuit
  • 62 Music City Purple Circuit
  • 72 Edmondson Pike Connector
  • 76 Madison Connector
  • 84X Murfreesboro Express
  • 86X Smyrna/La Vergne Express
  • 87X Gallatin Express
  • 89X Springfield/Joelton Express
  • 91X Franklin/Brentwood Express
  • 92X Gallatin/Hendersonville Express
  • 93 Music City Star West End Shuttle
  • 94X Clarksville Express
  • 95X Spring Hill Express
  • 96X Nashville/Murfreesboro Relax & Ride

New Projects[edit]

Music City Star[edit]

The MTA took over operation of the Music City Star commuter train in 2008 when it had failed to reach projected ridership since its inception in 2006 and had budget problems. The shortfall in revenue during the next few years was covered by over $5,000,000 in taxes on the people across the State of Tennessee.[citation needed]

Clarksville, TN is one step closer to having commuter rail to Nashville, after a firm was selected to conduct a study. The Regional Transportation Authority has hired the firm of Parsons Brinkerhoff to conduct a study to provide consensus among the RTA, the Nashville Area MPO, the Clarksville Urbanized Area MPO and community stakeholders on cost-effective transit improvements to serve the northwest area of Middle Tennessee. [20][21]

Music City Central[edit]

In May 2007, MTA began construction of Music City Central at a cost of $54,000,000,[22] a downtown transfer station that replaced the outdoor Downtown Transit Mall on Deaderick Street. The facility opened to the public on Oct. 26, 2008. Music City Central is a two-story facility with climate-controlled waiting areas. Riders can buy tickets, check bus schedules, and shop at a convenience store or Dunkin' Donuts located at the facility. A multi-story public parking garage is located above the transfer portion of the facility.

BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) Lite[edit]

After years of study, MTA secured taxpayer funding to purchase the vehicles necessary for a bus rapid transit (BRT) light line. On September 27, 2009, MTA implemented the first phase of its new BRT service on the Gallatin Road corridor, designated as route 56 Gallatin Road BRT Lite. Covering 12 miles (19 km), this BRT service operates from Music City Central to the edge of Sumner County just north of RiverGate Mall. Passengers experience fewer stops and more frequent buses as they travel along one of Nashville's busiest corridors on all new 60-foot (18 m), articulated, fuel-efficient hybrid buses. BRT buses stop at designated stops that are marked with a green "BRT stop" sign.

During the second phase of BRT in spring 2010, more customer amenities were added. Gallatin Road intersections have Green Light Extenders that allow the traffic signals to stay green longer as a bus approaches. In addition, each station stop features new enhanced passenger waiting areas.

A second high use corridor was identified for implementation and funding goes along Murfreesboro Pike. The 55 Murfreesboro Pike BRT Lite, which began service on Monday, April 1, 2013, comes three years after the 56 Gallatin Road BRT Lite, a 12-mile stretch from downtown’s Music City Central to RiverGate Mall, began service. The Murfreesboro Pike BRT Lite stretches from downtown to the Antioch area near the Global Mall at the Crossings, formerly Hickory Hollow Mall.[23][24] The 55 Murfreesboro Pike BRT lite will be available beginning April 1.[25]

Nashville Mayor Karl Dean hopes to start running "lite" bus rapid transit service on Charlotte and Nolensville pikes in 2014.[26]

Music City Circuit[edit]

The Music City Circuit is a free circulator bus service in downtown Nashville, began March 29, 2010. It operates three lines- the Blue Circuit, serving Bicentennial Mall, the Green Circuit, serving the Gulch, and the Purple Circuit, serving Richard H. Fulton Complex. The Blue Circuit operates 6:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. on weekdays, and 11:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. on Saturdays. Likewise, the Green Circuit operates 6:30 a.m. to midnight on weekdays and 11:00 a.m. to midnight Saturdays. The Purple Circuit operates 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. on weekdays. The introduction of the Music City Circuit replaced Route 94 Music City Star Downtown Shuttle.

The Amp (formally known as the East-West Connector)[edit]

Mayor Karl Dean has his eyes set on a full-fledged bus rapid transit system taking passengers from West End Avenue down Broadway, across the river to East Nashville’s Five Points district. The Amp (formally known as the East-West Connector) will begin at Five Points in East Nashville and extends down Broadway, West End and Harding Road to White Bridge Road.

The difference between the AMP and the BRT Lite currently in operation along Gallatin Road is that the former will be a full-fledged bus rapid transit system, with buses occupying exclusive lanes of traffic.[27][28]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nashville MTA System Map". Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  2. ^ "2013 January-February MTA Newsletter". Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  3. ^ "Summary of Changes effective September 30". Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  4. ^ "2013 January-February MTA Newsletter". Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  5. ^ "MTA Makes Big Changes". WTVF-TV. Retrieved 2010-02-04. 
  6. ^ "A History of Transit in Nashville". Nashville MTA. 
  7. ^ "Nashville MTA System Map". Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2010-02-04. 
  8. ^ "Summary of Changes Brochure (Spring 2012)". Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2012-04-02. 
  9. ^ "Summary of Changes Brochure (Spring 2012)". Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  10. ^ "RTA public meetings scheduled for April 24)". Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  11. ^ "Proposed new RTA express bus service to Clarksville)". Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  12. ^ "RTA Board approves service to Clarksville and July 4th special event train)". Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2012-05-16. 
  13. ^ "Summary of Changes for spring 2013". Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2013-03-13. 
  14. ^ "Summary of Changes effective September 30". Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  15. ^ "Dickson Park & Ride to Nashville moves forward". The Tennessean. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  16. ^ "County joins RTA with hope of opening commuter bus service to Nashville". WDKN: 1260 AM. Retrieved 2013-12-18. 
  17. ^ "RTA offers pilot project for bus route from Dickson to Nashville". WSMV. Retrieved 2014-04-12. 
  18. ^ "Dickson Co. Commission OKs funding for bus service to Nashville". WSMV. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  19. ^ "Start of Dickson-to-Nashville bus service delayed". The Tennessean. Retrieved 2014-10-01. 
  20. ^ "Tennessee transportation agency hires firm to study proposed commuter-rail line)". Progressive Railroading. Retrieved 2014-09-05. 
  21. ^ "Clarksville closer to getting rail service to Nashville)". The Leaf Chronicle. Retrieved 2014-09-05. 
  22. ^ "MTA looks to save Music City Star". Nashville City Paper. Oct 24, 2008. 
  23. ^ "Bus rapid transit 'lite' planned for Murfreesboro Pike". Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  24. ^ "Proposed service changes for spring 2013". Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  25. ^ "Summary of Changes for spring 2013". Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2013-03-13. 
  26. ^ "'Lite' BRT in the works for Charlotte, Nolensville pikes". The Tennessean. Retrieved 2013-07-19. 
  27. ^ "Nashville MTA—Broadway/West End Corridor Study". Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  28. ^ "Dean, consultants favor bus rapid transit — not streetcar — for east-west connector". Retrieved 2012-04-25. 


External links[edit]