Nashville Union order of battle

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The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Nashville of the American Civil War. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the battle (December 15-16, 1864).[1] The Union force was a conglomerate of units from several different departments provisionally attached to George H. ThomasDepartment of the Cumberland. The IV Corps[2] and the District of Etowah were permanently attached to the Department of the Cumberland while the Cavalry Corps had been attached to the Army of the Cumberland until October 1864 when it was transferred to the Military Division of the Mississippi.[3] The XXIII Corps was detached from the Department of the Ohio[4] and Smith’s Corps (formerly known as the Right Wing-XVI Corps)[5] was detached from the Department of the Tennessee.[6] Other brigades and regiments from the Army of the Tennessee which were unable to rejoin their respective commands where organized into the Provisional Division and attached to the District of the Etowah.

The Confederate order of battle is shown separately.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]


Army of the Cumberland[edit]

MG George H. Thomas, Commanding

Headquarters

  • Chief of Staff: BG William D. Whipple


IV Corps[edit]

BG Thomas J. Wood

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     BG Nathan Kimball

1st Brigade


   Col Isaac M. Kirby

2nd Brigade


   BG Walter C. Whitaker

3rd Brigade


   BG William Grose

Second Division


     BG Washington Lafayette Elliott

1st Brigade


   Col Emerson Opdycke

2nd Brigade


   Col John Q. Lane

3rd Brigade


   Col Joseph Conrad

Third Division


     BG Samuel Beatty

1st Brigade


   Col Abel D. Streight

2nd Brigade


   Col Philip S. Post (w)
   Ltc Robert L. Kimberly

3rd Brigade


   Col Frederick Knefler

Artillery


   Maj Wilbur F. Goodspeed

XXIII Corps[edit]

MG John M. Schofield

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Second Division


     MG Darius N. Couch

1st Brigade


   BG Joseph A. Cooper

2nd Brigade


   Col Orlando H. Moore

3rd Brigade


   Col John Mehringer

  • 91st Indiana: Ltc Charles H. Butterfield
  • 123rd Indiana: Col John C. McQuiston
  • 50th Ohio: Ltc Hamilton S. Gillespie
  • 183rd Ohio: Col George W. Hoge

Third Division


     BG Jacob D. Cox

1st Brigade


   Col Charles C. Doolittle

2nd Brigade


   Col John S. Casement

3rd Brigade


   Col Israel N. Stiles

  • 112th Illinois: Maj Tristram T. Dow
  • 63rd Indiana: Ltc Daniel Morris
  • 120th Indiana: Maj John M. Barcus
  • 128th Indiana: Ltc Jasper Packard
Artillery

Detachment, Army of the Tennessee[edit]

MG Andrew J. Smith[8]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     BG John McArthur

1st Brigade


   Col William L. McMillen

  • 114th Illinois: Cpt John M. Johnson
  • 93rd Indiana: Col DeWitt C. Thomas, Cpt Charles A. Hubbard
  • 10th Minnesota: Ltc Samuel P. Jennison (w), Cpt Edwin C. Sanders
  • 72nd Ohio: Ltc Charles G. Eaton
  • 95th Ohio: Ltc Jefferson Brumback
  • Cogswell's Battery, Illinois Light Artillery: Lt S. Hamilton McClaury
2nd Brigade


   Col Lucius F. Hubbard

  • 5th Minnesota: Ltc William B. Gere
  • 9th Minnesota: Col Josiah F. Marsh
  • 11th Missouri: Ltc Eli Bowyer (w), Maj Modesta J. Green
  • 8th Wisconsin: Ltc William B. Britton
  • 2nd Battery, Iowa Light Artillery: Cpt Joseph R. Reed
3rd Brigade


   Col Sylvester G. Hill (k)
   Col William R. Marshall

  • 12th Iowa: Ltc John H. Stibbs
  • 35th Iowa: Maj William Dill, Cpt Abraham N. Snyder
  • 7th Minnesota: Col William R. Marshall, Ltc George Bradley
  • 33rd Missouri: Ltc William H. Heath
  • Battery I, 2nd Missouri Light Artillery: Cpt Stephen H. Julian

Second Division


   BG Kenner Garrard

1st Brigade


   Col David Moore

  • 119th Illinois: Col Thomas J. Kinney
  • 122nd Illinois: Ltc James F. Drish
  • 89th Indiana: Ltc Hervey Craven
  • 21st Missouri:[9] Ltc Edwin Moore
  • 9th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery: Lt Samuel G. Calfee
2nd Brigade


   Col James I. Gilbert

3rd Brigade


   Col Edward H. Wolfe

  • 49th Illinois: Col Phineas Pease
  • 117th Illinois: Ltc Jonathan Merriam
  • 52nd Indiana: Ltc Zalmon S. Main
  • 178th New York: Cpt John B. Gandolfo
  • Battery G, 2nd Illinois Light Artillery: Cpt John W. Lowell[10]

Third Division


   Col Jonathan B. Moore

1st Brigade


   Col Lyman M. Ward

2nd Brigade


   Col Leander Blanden

Artillery

Provisional Detachment (District of the Etowah)[edit]

MG James B. Steedman

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Provisional Division[11]


     BG Charles Cruft

1st Brigade


   Col Benjamin Harrison

  • 3 battalions detached from the XX Corps
2nd Brigade [Army of the Tennessee][12]


   Col Adam G. Malloy

  • Consisted of men on detached duty from the Army of the Tennessee
2nd Brigade


   Col John G. Mitchell

  • Consisted of men on detached duty from the XIV Corps
3rd Brigade


   Ltc Charles H. Grosvenor

  • 68th Indiana:[13] Ltc Harvey J. Espy
  • 18th Ohio:[14] Cpt Ebenezer Grosvenor (k), Cpt John M. Benedict (w), Lt Charles Grant
  • 2nd Battalion, XIV Army Corps, Cpt D. H. Henderson (w)
Artillery

U.S.C.T.[15]

1st Colored Brigade


   Col Thomas J. Morgan

2nd Colored Brigade


   Col Charles R. Thompson

Post of Nashville


     BG John F. Miller

2nd Brigade, Fourth Division, XX Corps


   Col Edwin C. Mason

Unattached
Garrison Artillery


   Maj John J. Ely

Quartermaster’s Division


   BG James L. Donaldson

  • Composed of quartermaster's employes

Cavalry Corps[edit]

MG James H. Wilson

Escort:

  • 4th United States: Lt. Joseph Hedges
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

1st Division[17]

1st Brigade


   BG John T. Croxton

  • 8th Iowa: Col Joseph B. Dorr
  • 4th Kentucky Mounted Infantry: Col Robert M. Kelly
  • 2nd Michigan: Ltc Benjamin Smith
  • 1st Tennessee: Ltc Calvin M. Dyer
  • Board of Trade Battery, Illinois Light Artillery: Cpt George I. Robinson
2nd and 3rd Brigades under BG E. M. McCook in western Kentucky

5th Division


     BG Edward Hatch

1st Brigade


   Col Robert R. Stewart

  • 3rd Illinois: Ltc Robert H. Carnahan
  • 11th Indiana: Ltc Abram Sharra
  • 12th Missouri: Col Oliver Wells
  • 10th Tennessee: Maj William P. Story (mw), Maj James T. Abernathy
2nd Brigade


   Col Datus E. Coon

  • 6th Illinois: Ltc John Lynch[18]
  • 7th Illinois: Maj John M. Graham
  • 9th Illinois: Cpt Joseph W. Harper
  • 2nd Iowa: Maj Charles C. Horton
  • 12th Tennessee Cavalry: Col George Spalding (w)
  • Battery I, 1st Illinois Light Artillery: Lt Joseph A. McCarthey

6th Division


     BG Richard W. Johnson

1st Brigade


   Col Thomas J. Harrison

  • 16th Illinois: Maj Charles H. Beeres
  • 5th Iowa: Ltc Harlon Baird
  • 7th Ohio: Col Israel Garrard
2nd Brigade


   Col James Biddle

  • 14th Illinois: Maj Haviland Tompkins
  • 6th Indiana: Maj Jacob S. Stephens
  • 8th Michigan: Col Elisha Mix
  • 3rd Tennessee: Maj Benjamin Cunningham
Artillery

7th Division


   BG Joseph F. Knipe

1st Brigade


   BG John H. Hammond

  • 9th Indiana: Col George W. Jackson
  • 10th Indiana: Ltc Benjamin Q. A. Gresham
  • 19th Pennsylvania: Ltc Joseph C. Hess
  • 2nd Tennessee: Ltc William R. Cook
  • 4th Tennessee: Ltc Jacob M. Thornburgh
2nd Brigade


   Col Gilbert M. L. Johnson

  • 12th Indiana: Col Edward Anderson
  • 13th Indiana: Ltc William T. Pepper
  • 6th Tennessee: Col Fielding Hurst
Artillery

Mississippi River Squadron[edit]

10th District[edit]

Lt. Commander LeRoy Fitch[19]

Class Vessel

River monitor

U.S.S. Neosho
  

Lieutenant Samuel Howard

Ironclad

U.S.S. Carondelet
  

Acting Master Charles W. Miller

Tinclad

U.S.S. Silver Lake
  

Acting Master Joseph C. Coyle

U.S.S. Brilliant
  

Lieutenant Charles Perking
Acting Master John H. Rice

U.S.S. Reindeer
  

Lieutenant Henry A. Glassford

U.S.S. Moose
  

Lieutenant Commander LeRoy Fitch

U.S.S. Fairplay
  

Acting Master George J. Groves

U.S.S. Springfield
  

Acting Master Edmond Morgan

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XLV, Part 1, pages 90-96
  2. ^ Eicher p.585
  3. ^ Eicher p.863
  4. ^ Eicher p.863
  5. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XLV, Part 1, pages 53-54 and pages 1197-1205
  6. ^ Eicher p.492
  7. ^ Veteran detachment 27th Illinois attached.
  8. ^ The Smith's Corps: formerly known (until November 30, 1864) as the Right Wing-XVI Corps. See [1] and [2].
  9. ^ Detachment 24th Missouri attached.
  10. ^ Chief of division artillery.
  11. ^ Composed mainly of detachments belonging to the Fourteenth, Fifteenth, Seventeenth, and Twentieth Army Corps, which had been unable to rejoin their proper commands serving with General Sherman's army on the march through Georgia (Official Records, Series I, Volume XLV, Part 1, page 94)
  12. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XLV, Part 1, page 102
  13. ^ Listed under "Miscellaneous" but attached to the 3rd Brigade in the Official Records, Series I, Volume XLV, Part 1, page 94
  14. ^ Listed under "Miscellaneous" but attached to the 3rd Brigade in the Official Records, Series I, Volume XLV, Part 1, page 94
  15. ^ Reported directly, separate of Cruft's Provisional Division; Official Records, Series I, Volume XLV, Part 1, p.103
  16. ^ Detached with pontoon train.
  17. ^ The Second and Third Brigades of this division, under the division commander, Brigadier General E. M. McCook, were absent on an expedition into Western Kentucky (Official Records, Series I, Volume XLV, Part 1, page 95)
  18. ^ Disabled.
  19. ^ Franklin-Nashville Campaign and Battle of Nashville Preservation Society - Nashville Naval Battle

References[edit]