|Previous||Double-A (1946–1961), (1963)
Class A1 (1936–1945)
Class A (1902–1935)
Class B (1901)
|Minor league affiliations|
|South Atlantic League (1963)
Southern Association (1901–1961)
|Major league affiliations|
|Previous||Los Angeles Angels (1963)
Minnesota Twins (1961)
Cincinnati Reds (1955–1960)
New York Giants (1952–1954)
Chicago Cubs (1943–1951)
Brooklyn Dodgers (1938–1940)
Cincinnati Reds (1936–1937)
New York Giants (1934–1935)
Chicago White Sox (1920)
Cleveland Indians (1908)
|Minor league titles|
|Class titles||1940, 1941, 1942, 1949|
|League titles||1901, 1902, 1908, 1916, 1940, 1943, 1948, 1949, 1953|
|Nickname||Nashville Volunteers (1908–1961, 1963)
Nashville Baseball Club (1901–1907)
|Ballpark||Sulphur Dell (1901–1961, 1963)|
The Nashville Vols were a minor league baseball team that played in Nashville, Tennessee, from 1901 to 1963. Known only as the Nashville Baseball Club during their first seven seasons, they were officially named the Nashville Volunteers (often shortened to Vols) in 1908 for the state's nickname, The Volunteer State. The Vols played their home games at Sulphur Dell, originally known as Athletic Park.
The Volunteers played as charter members of the Southern Association through 1961 and in the South Atlantic League in 1963. They were classified as Class B (1961), Class A (1902–1935), Class A1 (1936–1945), and Double-A (1946–1961 and 1963). During their 62-year existence, the Vols won nine Southern Association pennants, won four Dixie Series championships, and were affiliated with eight different major league teams. The 1940 Vols were recognized as one of the 100 greatest minor league teams of all time.
Early days (1901–1933)
Nashville's previous minor league baseball team, the Nashville Centennials of the Class C Central League, ceased to play after they transferred to another city and the league disbanded during the 1897 season. The Nashville Baseball Club was formed as a charter member of the newly formed Class B Southern Association. The team did not receive their official moniker, the Nashville Volunteers, until 1908. The Nashville club played their home games at Athletic Park, which would later come to be known as Sulphur Dell
Before the start of the inaugural season, Nashville participated in a three-game exhibition series against the Vanderbilt Commodores baseball team. Nashville won all three games. The team began the regular season in Chattanooga, sweeping the Chattanooga Lookouts in three games, before returning home to Athletic Park for the home opener. The game's lineup, led by player-manager Ike Fisher, consisted of second baseman Ed Abbaticchio, right fielder Doc Wiseman, first baseman Ike Fisher, catcher James Ballantyne, center fielder Lang, left fielder Tom Parrott, third baseman George Reitz, shortstop Snapper Kennedy, and pitcher Ted Corbett. Over 2,000 people witnessed the 9–7 Nashville loss. By July 4, they were in second place (31–21), one game behind the Little Rock Travelers. By mid-August, Nashville had moved into first, leading the Memphis Egyptians by two games. Teams throughout the circuit expressed dissatisfaction with the league's umpires. After a number of games were protested and teams' records adjusted, the Nashville club was declared the Southern Association's first champions. The team repeated their success in 1902 by once again being declared league champions. The Nashville Club's final record was 82–42, six-and-a-half games ahead of Little Rock.
From 1903 to 1907, the Nashville club was unable to muster anything better than a fifth-place finish. 1904 was their only winning season and by 1907 the team was in last place. Still lacking an official team name, the club was referred to as the Finnites when Mickey Finn managed the team from 1905 to 1906, the Dobbers when John Dobbs managed the team in 1907, and the Senators, probably due to the nearby Tennessee State Capitol building which overlooked Athletic Park.
In 1908, Nashville Tennessean sports writer Grantland Rice held a contest to name the team. The public was invited to mail in votes for one of three team names: the Limerocks (from the abundance of limestone in and around Nashville), the Rocks, and the Volunteers (from the state's nickname, The Volunteer State). The winner and new official team name was the Volunteers, though this was often shortened to Vols. Rice also gave Nashville's Athletic Park a new name: Sulphur Dell, a reference to the location's prior name of Sulphur Springs Bottom.
The newly named Volunteers also became a farm team of the American League's Cleveland Indians in 1908. Nashville's John Duggan pitched a no-hitter on September 10, against Little Rock; Nashville won, 1-0. The club, under manager Bill Bernhard, entered the final day of that season with an opportunity to win the league pennant. The championship was to be decided by the last game of the season between the Vols and the New Orleans Pelicans at Sulphur Dell. Both teams had the same number of losses (56), but the Pelicans were in first place with 76 wins to the Vols' second-place 74. A crowd of 11,000 spectators witnessed Vols pitcher Carl Sitton hurl a three-hit, 1–0 shutout, giving Nashville their third Southern Association pennant by .002 percentage points. Rice called it "the greatest game ever played in Dixie." One account recalls "By one run, by one point, Nashville has won the Southern League pennant, nosing New Orleans out literally by an eyelash. Saturday's game, which was the deciding one, between Nashville and New Orleans was the greatest exhibition of the national game ever seen in the south and the finish in the league race probably sets a record in baseball history."
Before the start of the 1909 season, the National League's Chicago Cubs and American League's Boston Red Sox held their spring training in Nashville. The Volunteers held an exhibition game against the Cubs in which the visiting Cubs defeated the home team, 3–0. Nashville also participated in games against the Red Sox. They finished the regular 1909 season in second place behind the pennant-winning Atlanta Crackers. From 1910 through 1915, the Volunteers found themselves usually around the middle of the standings at the end of each season and only had winning records in 1911 and 1914. The 1913 Vols suffered a preseason defeat against the American League's Philadelphia Athletics, 11–8.
On July 11, 1916, at Sulphur Dell, Vols pitcher Tom Rogers delivered a perfect game against the Chattanooga Lookouts. He retired all 27 batters in the 2–0 victory—the first perfect game in the Southern Association and the only perfect game in the Volunteers' history. The game lasted a mere 1 hour and 25 minuets. Rogers led the league that season with 24 victories and 33 complete games. Under the leadership of manager Roy Ellam, the Vols went on to win their fourth league pennant with a nine-game lead over second-place New Orleans.
The Volunteers finished the 1910s with a winning (77–73) fifth-place record in 1917, and had sub-.500 seasons in 1918 and 1919 that placed them at or near the bottom of the standings. In 1920, Nashville served as a farm team for the American League's Chicago White Sox. The 1920s started out poorly for the Vols. The team didn't have a winning record for four seasons from 1920 to 1923. The National League's Pittsburgh Pirates purchased the contract of Vols outfielder Kiki Cuyler in 1923. Cuyler, who led the league with 68 stolen bases, was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1968. Things turned around as the team's record improved from 1924 to 1929—excluding 1928 when they finished in last place, 40 games out of first. They ended the decade only three games behind the pennant-winning Birmingham Barons in 1929.
The Volunteers played their first night game at Sulphur Dell on May 18, 1931, in front of an estimated 7,000 fans. However, this was not the first night game to played at Nashville's ballpark. The original Southern League's Nashville Tigers competed in a night game thirty-seven years earlier on July 6, 1894. The Vols accrued over 100 losses in 1931, finishing in last place, 51–102.
In preparation for the 1932 season, the Vols defeated the Chicago White Sox, 8–4, in an exhibition game held on April 5. When the regular season began, 14,502 fans were in attendance. The outfield had to be lined off with rope to designate additional seating in order to accommodate them at the 8,000-seat Sulphur Dell. The Volunteers finished in fourth place (75–78) that season and third place (77–69) in 1933.
Second half (1934–1963)
Following the arrival of Larry Gilbert as Vols manager in 1939, the Vols won their first pennant in 24 years in 1940 with Johnny Sain as pitcher and batter. During Major League Baseball's Centennial in 2001, the 1940 Nashville Vols were named as the 47th best minor league team of all time. The Vols also won the league championship in 1943, 1944, 1948, and 1949.
Following the 1961 season, the Southern Association ceased operations. Sulphur Dell was empty the next year, but the Double-A South Atlantic League came to Nashville in 1963 for one season. Poor attendance and financial problems forced team to leave Nashville at the conclusion of the 1963 season.
Professional baseball was absent from the Music City from 1964 to 1977. But in 1978, Vanderbilt University baseball coach Larry Schmittou led a group of local owners and founded the Nashville Sounds of the Southern League, abandoning the nickname "Vols" which was shared by the University of Tennessee (Knoxville). The Sounds became one of the most successful minor league franchises, moving to Class Triple-A in 1985. They are currently members of the Pacific Coast League.
Hall of Fame players
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nashville Vols.|
- Nipper, Skip (January 18, 2015). "Nashville in the 1897 Central League". 262 Down Right. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- Traughber, Bill (May 23, 2011). "Looking Back: The 1901 Nashville Vols". Minor League Baseball. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- Nipper, Skip (October 1, 2013). "Name That Team". 262 Down Right. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- Nipper, Skip (January 4, 2014). "Sulphur Dell: A Brief History". 262 Down Right. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- Traughber, Bill (July 18, 2011). "Looking Back: Nashville's Baseball Championships". Minor League Baseball. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- "Timeline" (PDF). Southern Association Baseball. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- "Tom Rogers' Perfect Game - July 11, 1916", The 2014 Nashville Sounds Media Guide (Nashville Sounds), 2014: 194
- John A. Simpson (2007). The Greatest Game Ever Played in Dixie.
- Hamilton Love (October 10, 1908). "South Sayings" (PDF). Sporting Life: 16.
- Traughber, Bill (August 4, 2008). "Looking Back: Nashville Plays Night Baseball In 1894". Nashville Sounds. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- Traughber, Bill. Nashville Sounds 2007 Media Guide. 2007: 189.