Nashville Warbler

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Nashville Warbler
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Parulidae
Genus: Oreothlypis
Species: O. ruficapilla
Binomial name
Oreothlypis ruficapilla
(Wilson, 1811)
Range of O. ruficapilla      Breeding range     Winter range
Synonyms

Helminthophila rubricapilla
Vermivora rubricapilla
Leiothlypis rubricapilla

The Nashville Warbler (Oreothlypis ruficapilla) is a small songbird in the New World warbler family.

Nashville Warblers have olive-brown upperparts, a white belly and a yellow throat and breast; they have a white eye ring, no wing bars and a thin pointed bill. Adult males have a grey head with a rusty crown patch (often not visible); females and immature birds have a duller olive-grey head. The Nashville Warbler is closely related to Virginia's Warbler, Lucy's Warbler and Colima Warbler, the four sharing generally similar plumage.

Two discrete populations exist. The nominate subspecies, O. r. ruficapilla, breeds in northeastern North America. The other subspecies, O. r. ridgwayi, known as the Calaveras Warbler, nests in western North America. The latter differs from the former in its relatively duller plumage and more persistent tail movements.

Life history[edit]

Nashville Warblers breed in open mixed woods and bog habitats in Canada and the northeastern and western United States. Although named after Nashville, Tennessee, the Nashville Warbler only visits that area during migration.

They migrate to southernmost Texas, Mexico and Central America in winter.

They forage in the lower parts of trees and shrubs, frequently flicking their tails; these birds mainly eat insects.

The song of the nominate subspecies consists of a rapid seewit-seewit-seewit-ti-ti-ti. Males sing from open perches on the nesting territory. The call sounds like a high seet. Western birds of the race ridgwayi have a slightly lower-pitched, richer song, and a sharper call note.

They conceal their open cup-shaped nests on the ground under shrubs.

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