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Metro City
Nashik city view from Pandavleni
Nashik city view from Pandavleni
Nickname(s): Wine Capital of India/Grape City/Pilgrimage City
Nashik is located in Maharashtra
Coordinates: 20°00′N 73°47′E / 20.00°N 73.78°E / 20.00; 73.78Coordinates: 20°00′N 73°47′E / 20.00°N 73.78°E / 20.00; 73.78
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Nashik
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Mayor Mr. Ashok Devram Murtadak
 • Municipal Commissioner Mr. Sanjay Khandare
 • Collector Mr. Vilas Patil
 • Member of Parliament Mr. Hemant Godse
 • Metro City 360 km2 (140 sq mi)
Elevation 600 m (2,000 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Metro City 1,486,973
 • Density 4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[2] 1,607,824
 • Metro rank 24th
Demonym Nashikkar
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 422 0xx
Telephone code 91(253)
Vehicle registration MH 15 (Nashik), MH 41 (Malegaon), MH 51 (Nashik Rural)

Nashik (Marathi: नाशिक (pron:ˈnʌʃɪk) (About this sound pronunciation )[3] is a city in western India in the state of Maharashtra. Nashik is located in the north-west of Maharashtra, 171 km (106 mi) from Mumbai and 210 km (130 mi) from Pune and is the administrative headquarters of the Nashik District and Nashik Division. With a population of 1.5 million, Nashik is the fourth largest city in Maharashtra after Mumbai, Pune, and Nagpur. [4][5] and Nashik district is the eleventh most populous district in India. Mumbai, Pune and Nashik are known as golden triangle in Maharashtra.

Nashik is said to be the abode of Lord Rama during his 14 years in exile here. It is located on the banks of the Godavari which originates in the south-west of the city at Trimbakeshwar. It is one of the four places in the world where the Kumbh Mela is held making it one of the holiest Hindu cities. The city is a site for more than 100 ancient temples including the Kalaram Temple and Trimbakeshwar Shiva Temple.

Nashik ranks 16th in a global study of fastest developing city conducted by The City Mayors Foundation, an international think tank on urban affairs and has witnessed significant economic progress in the last decade. Nashik is also short listed for the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor as an investment region. The city is also known as the Wine Capital of India since it accounts to a large amount of the country's grape export and there are many vineyards in and around Nashik. It also plays an utmost important role in agriculture. Onion, tomatoes and many other vegetables are exported from Nashik to various parts of the world. In addition, Nashik is known for its picturesque surroundings, climate and tourism.


Main article: History of Nashik
Raam, Lakshman, Sita at a Nashik Temple.
"Ram kund".

The city got its present name in 1818 when the Peshwas got control of the city.[6] The Peshwa rule however, did not last long and the British captured Nashik in the very same year. In 1840, one of the first modern libraries of Maharashtra (then, the Presidency of Bombay) was founded at Nashik.

After the fall of the Satavahana empire, the Abhiras or Ahirs ruled in the north east and the Chutus in Maharashtra and Kuntala. The Puranas state that ten Abhiras ruled for, 67 years. The Nashik inscription peaks of king Madhuriputra Ishvarasena, the Abhir and a son of Shivadatla. This dynasty originated in A. D. 249-50, an era called Kalachuri or Chedi in later times.[7]

Some of the major events in history of Nashik in last 3 centuries were:

  • 1615 : The City was captured by Moguls(Kaustubh Shimpi) from Nijamshah Sultan
  • 1634 : The City was recaptured by Shahaji Raje for his new state of Nijamshah Headqaurtered in Pemgiri(Near Sangamner)
  • 1636 : Shahaji Raje made Pact with Mogul Nashik again moved to Mogul rule
  • 1663 : Netaji Palkar recovered "Chauthai" from Nashik for Shivaji Maharaj of Pune
  • 1673 : Jadhavrao and Siddi Halal left job of Mogul and joined army of Shivaji Maharaj on Tribak Fort thus Nashik became part of Maratha rule
  • 1685 : Aurangjeb Captured Nashik City during Sambhaji Maharaj's rule.
  • 1695 : City was raided by Santaji followed by Temporary Maratha Rule
  • 1719 : Officially Shahu got right to collect "Chauthai" of City from Moguls of Delhi
  • 1725 : The city frequently camped by Marathas who heading to Malwa, Gujrat for campaigns.
  • 1734 : The 'Gulshanabad' city was given name 'NASHIK'.
  • 1862 : Nashik Road railway station was built.
  • 1864 : Nashik Municipality formed
  • 1869 : Nashik district formed.

Nashik also participated in the freedom struggle of India. On December 21, 1909, 17-year-old Anant Kanhere shot the Collector of Nashik, Jackson in a theatre named Vijayanand theatre, where he had gone to see a play Sharada.[8] Jackson died on the spot. The people involved in the incident, Anant Laxman Kanhere, Krishnaji Gopal Karve and Vinayak Ramchandra Deshpande were sentenced to death by hanging and were hanged soon after.[9]

In 1930, the Nashik Satyagraha was launched under the leadership of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar for the entry of Dalits in Kalaram Temple. In 1931, a meeting of the Bombay Province Charmkar Parishad was organised in Nashik to work out the Chambhars' position with regard to the Second Round Table Conference in which Babasaheb was going to participate. In 1932, Babasaheb organized his temple entry movement for the abolition of untouchability in Nashik.

There is a confusion whether it is pronounced Nasik or Nashik. Before 1982 both the city and district were called by the name Nasik. In November 7, 1982 the population of Nasik City exceeded to 1.2 million, so as per incorporation rules, Nasik City became a Corporation. Since then the city name has changed to Nashik City.


According to Ramayana, Lord Rama, the King of Ayodhya, made Nashik his home during his 14 years in exile. At the same place Lakshmana, cut off the nose of Surpanakha and thus this place was named as "Nasik" (in Sanskrit Nasika means nose). Several other references to the Ramayana can be found in Nashik, which includes the Sita Gumpha caves, from where Sita, Lord Rama's wife, was abducted by Ravana. Danda (alias Dandaka, a kingdom and a forest had the same name) was a colonial state of Lanka under the reign of Ravana. Ravana's governor Khara ruled this province. It was the stronghold of all the Rakshasa tribes living in the Dandaka Forest. It is roughly the Nashik District, Maharashtra with Janasthana (Nashik city) as its capital. It was from here that the Rakshasa Khara attacked Raghava Rama of Kosala, who lived with his wife and brother at Panchavati (modern day Nashik), not far away.


Panchavati has significant religious significance for Hindus with a temple complex on the bend of the Godavari river, which includes Kalaram Temple.[10] It is a pilgrimage site,[11] with the Kumbh Mela, the largest peaceful gathering in the world – involving over 100 million people in 2013, taking place here once every twelve years in rotation with Haridwar, Allahabad, and Ujjain.[12]

In Hindu theology, as outlined in the epic Ramayana, Panchavati was the place in the forest of Dandakaranya (Danda Kingdom), where Rama built his home along with his wife Sita and brother Lakshman during their period of exile in the wilderness. Panchavati literally means "a garden of five banyan trees". These trees are said to have been there during the exile of Lord Rama.[13] There is a place called Tapovan where Lakshmana, the brother of Rama, cut off the nose of Surpanakha, the sister of Ravana, when she attempted to kill Sita. The entire Aranya Kanda (book of the forest) of Ramayana is set in Panchavati.


Trimbakeshwar Temple near Nashik (source of the Godavari River)

Nashik is located in northern Maharashtra at 600 m (2,000 ft)[14] from the mean sea level. The river Godavari originates 24 km (15 mi) from Nashik and flows along the northern boundary of the city through the old residential settlement in the city. Nashik lies on western edge of the Deccan Plateau which is a volcanic formation.[15] The soil here is primarily black which is favorable for agriculture. Trimbakeshwar is about 30 km (19 mi) from the city, from where river Godavari originates. The total land area of the city is about 259.13 km2 (100.05 sq mi)[16] which makes it the third largest urban area of Maharashtra after Mumbai Metropolitan Region and the Pune and Pimpri Chinchwad Urban Region (together as second).


Climate data for Nashik City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
Average low °C (°F) 9
Precipitation mm (inches) 1.1
Source: wunderground. com[17]


According to the Census of India, 2011, Nashik had a population of 1,480,769. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Nashik had an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 64%; male literacy was 80%, and female literacy was 66%. In Nashik, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. In the same year (census year 2001) the Nashik Urban Agglomeration had a population of 1,152,326 and thus it was the fourth largest urban area of Maharashtra State after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. The projected population of Nashik urban agglomeration (which includes abutting urban areas like Deolali) as on 11 November 2012 is 1,562,769.[18] 52.5% of Nashik's population is in the 15–59 years age category. Around 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.


Nashik is the headquarters of Nashik District and is also the headquarters of Nashik Revenue Division of Maharashtra. Maharashtra has a total of six revenue divisions. The city is administered by the Nashik Municipal Corporation which came into existence in 1982 by combining Nashik Municipality and surrounding civic bodies i.e. Nashik Road Municipality.

A planned area was introduced in Nashik which was designed and executed by CIDCO (New Nashik) which is now administered by the Nashik Municipal Corporation.

Deolali, which is also a part of the Nashik urban agglomeration, has a separate civic body called the Deolali Cantonment Board.


Solid waste management[edit]

In the entire Nashik Municipal Corporation area about 225 MT of solid waste is generated per day. Unlike other Indian cities, this garbage is collected by vehicles titled 'Ghantagadi' (meaning the vehicle with a bell); a system which has resulted into a 'garbage dump free' city. Smaller versions of the ghantagadi ply in the congested old city areas. A plant has been set by the Nashik Municipal Corporation near Pandav Leni (Pandavleni Caves) to process the garbage and convert into compost.[19]

Rain water harvesting[edit]

The Nashik Municipal Corporation has made it mandatory for new constructions in the city to install a rain water harvesting system without which a completion certificate is not granted to the construction. This measure is expected to help recharge the aquifers and augment the ground water level in the city.[20]

Kumbh mela: 1989 Kumbhmela
Nashik-Mumbai NH3
Godapark: a pedestrian street near Godavari River

Kumbh Mela[edit]

Main article: Kumbh Mela

Nashik host one of the largest religious gatherings in the world known as Maha Kumbh. Kumbh mela (festival) is celebrated once in twelve years. The Ardh (half) Kumbh Mela is celebrated every six years at Haridwar and Allahabad, the Purna (complete) Kumbh takes place every twelve years at four places in Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain, and Nashik. Previous kumbh mela was in year 2003. Next kumbh mela will be held from August 15 to September 13 in 2015.

A new organization is collaborating with MIT to bring innovative solutions to 2015 Kumbh via a Kumbhathon model. The innovation is applicable for 'pop-up cities' in developing counties. During October 2014 INKtalks, the MIT and Nasik team presented their plans.


Health care[edit]

There are many private healthcare facilities as well as a government run civil hospital. The Maharashtra University of Health Sciences (MUHS) is situated at Nashik. Nashik has many major corporate hospitals like Apollo Hospital, Wockhardt Hospital, Sahyadri Hospital, etc.


Shalimar market, one of the busiest commercial areas of nashik

There is a Hindustan Aeronautics Limited aircraft manufacturing plant located 10 mi (16 km) from Nashik,[21] which employs about 7000 people.HAL is one of the largest employers in nashik city and there is further scope of aerospace manufacturing development with the liberalization of defence policy of the government. The Currency Note Press and India Security Press are located in Nashik Road, where Indian currency and government stamp papers are printed respectively.[22] Manufacturers who have set up plants in the Nashik MIDC area include: Bosch India, Mahindra and Mahindra, CEAT, Thyssen Krupp, Epcos, Atlas Copco, Crompton Greaves, ABB, GlaxoSmithKline, Cipla, L&T, Schneider Electric, Jindal Steel, Lear Corporation, Kirloskar, IBP, Coca Cola, Siemens, Parle G, Shalimar Paints.[citation needed]

Nashik is also emerging as a business process outsourcing (BPO/IT) destination and is on a list of the emerging Tier II cities for BPO/IT companies.[citation needed] There are some renowned IT companies in Nashik like Ampcus Tech Pvt.LTD, Datamatics, Winjit Technologies, Tecsys Solutions Pvt. Ltd, Netwin Systems & Software (I) Pvt Ltd, gloStream, Garyhat Vision Technologies Pvt Ltd., RackMyServer, ESDS Software Solutions Pvt Ltd, Aress Software & Education Technologies (P) Ltd, WNS Global Services, ZTEK Consulting Pvt.Ltd.etc. Currently there is one private IT park called Vascon,[23] and another under construction at Ambad named Anand Mahindra IT Park.[citation needed]. Accenture is setting up its new unit in Nashik, which will be functional in few months.18 new IT companies have also started construction in Nashik.

There are two thermal power plants, the Nashik Thermal Power Station[24] and the Indiabulls Power Ltd Sinnar.[25] Also, Suzlon energy has wind power generation in Sinnar.

There is also has some textile industry, e.g. carpet weaving in remote areas like Surgana Block,[citation needed] with export quality carpets prepared in and around Umbarthan.[citation needed] NABARD has selected Yeola Block for development of Paithani Cluster.[26]

Nashik also has 36 world class wineries out of 74 in Maharashtra.[citation needed] Nashik is known as the "wine capital of India".[27] Nashik has also many liquor manufacturing factories, such as United Spirits Ltd, Pernod-Ricard, and Sula Wines.


Nashik is famous for grapes, onions, and tomatoes. Nashik was famous for its table grapes for a very long time. Also known as Wine Capital of India, In early 1925, the Table Grape revolution was started in Ojhar, a small town near Nashik. Today, table grapes are being exported to Europe, the Middle East, and Asia.[28]

Bajra is important crop of the district. However other crops like wheat, paddy and other cereals are also grown in various parts of the District. Paddy is mainly grown in tribal belt i.e. Igatpuri, Peth, and Surgana Blocks. Vegetables and onion were the main cash crops for last 30 years. Because of the variety of vegetables and its supply to Mumbai, the district was known as the backyard of Mumbai. After establishment of sugar factories, sugar cane has acquired an important position in the agriculture economy of the district. One sugar factory under private sector at Ravalgaon and other sugar factories under co-operative sector at Niphad, Ranwad, Palse, Materewadi and Vithewadi are functioning in the district. Economic development in the rural area with speed started only after establishment of sugar factories.[clarification needed] The Government has granted permission for starting four sugar factories in the private sector as a result of the liberalisation. One sugar factory in the private sector has been started in Satana Block. This development was however concentrated around the existing sugar factories. For the last 20 years grapes have acquired dominance on the agricultural economy of district. Due to water shortage in Kalwan, Deola, Baglan and Malegaon blocks, the farmers have shifted to pomegranate from sugar cane and grape crops. Some progressive farmers are cultivating flowers in greenhouses.


Nashik traditionally boasts of a Maharashtrian cuisine with influences from Khandesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat. The modern city however offers a range of restaurants with cuisines ranging from Punjabi, South Indian to Chinese and European cuisines. Variety of decent hotels in Nashik city serve food ranging from regions' spicy fare to international cuisine.


Cricket is the most popular sport in Nashik. The old city also patronizes traditional Maharashtrian sports like Kabbaddi and Kho Kho. The Nashik Gymkhana is the principal place for playing formal sports and also to get formal training. There are three swimming pools, at Ashwin Nagar, Trimbak Road, and at Nashik Road, run by the civil administration. Gulf Cup Dirt Track Racing took place in the city in 2011. In September 2012 the WISA Motor Rally took place in the city. Also, the last 4 years a Nashik Premier League replicating the Indian Premier League has been playing. There are several stadiums in Nashik City, like Chhatrapati Raje Sambhaji Stadium, Anant Kanhere Maidan, Chatrapati Shivaji Stadium, and Mahatma Nagar Ground.


Main article: Education in Nashik

Nashik has been the educational hub of North Maharashtra. The city has two state-run universities, the Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University and the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences. Colleges in Nashik are affiliated to the University of Pune (Savitribai Phule Pune University ).The University of Pune has announced setting up of an additional campus in Nashik which is to be located on Dindori road and spread over 100 acres of land.Today the city houses a large number of private and governmental educational institutions offering higher education in Medicine, Engineering & Technology, Architecture, Pharmacy, Military Management among others. Bhonsala Military School is the oldest residential school in Nashik. Indian Railway has also established its Advanced Training Institute for electrical engineers namely, Indian Railway Institute of Electrical Engineers IREEN here at Nashik. Nashik is also home to private institutions such as Symbiosis School in Ashwin Nagar, Divyadaan: Salesian Institute of Philosophy on Don Bosco Marg off College Road, Sacred Heart Sisters of Sacred Heart Convent High School lies here. Various Colleges like Gokhale Education Society's R. H. Sapat College of Engineering, Management Studies and Research,Jawahar Education Society's Institute of Technology, Management and Research at Gangapur Road, Matoshri Education Society and KTHM College are located here. Nashik also hosts one of the most prominent B-schools in the country:[29] Symbiosis Institute of Operations Management (SIOM), a unique institution for Engineers, that offers management programs in operations under the banner of Symbiosis International University which is ranked 66th in India.[30] The city has now adapted to redefine the system of professional education. Educational giants like Mumbai Educational Trust's (MET) Bhujbal Knowledge City, Sapkal Knowledge Hub and Sandip Foundation have set up their campuses with world-class infrastructure and facilities. These institutions are attracting foreign students to pursue their education in Nashik.


The NH 3 Flyover (India's second largest road bridge)


Nashik is on the intersection of two National Highways: the Mumbai–Agra Highway NH-3 and the Nashik–Pune Highway NH-50. Apart from these, other major cities like Aurangabad are connected via a state highway which is also 4 lane highway. Nashik is easily accessible by road from Gujarat state in western India. There are other numerous State Highways which offer very good road connectivity to Nashik. Nashik is well connected to Mumbai through Mumbai Nashik Expressway which is a part of Mumbai-Agra Highway (NH3)connects Dhule and Indore to the city on the other side of the highway. Pune is connected through NH 50 which is to be upgraded into a four lane road soon. City offers best and modern Road infrastructure

Public Transport

MSRTC Shivneri bus

Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation runs cheaper transport service for intercity, interstate, interstate travel. It has Three bus stations in Nashik: Nashik Bus Sthanak (CBS-1) at Thakkar bazar, Mahamarg bus stand and old CBS. Its services include semiluxury 2+2 NEEM AARAAM, Parivartan 2+2, Asiad 2+2, and ordinary ST 2+3. Bus services are available for big cities in and around the states like Indore, Amravati, Pune, Aurangabad, Shirdi, Mumbai, Nanded, Nagpur, Akola, Jalgaon, Bhusawal, Latur, Buldhana, Washim, Sangli, Satara, Kolhapur, Ratnagiri, Yavatmal, Ahmednagar, Osmanabad, Solapur, Pandharpur, Surat, Ahmadabad, Vadodara etc.

Nashik city bus service

Nashik city bus service is available from various area in nashik city. it has one depot in Panchvati. City bus service run by MSRTC under the JNNURM.

Gujarat State road transport corporation (GSRTC) also runs from nashik and shirdi for various city in Gujarat. Its service include ordinary services. Bus services are available for Gujarat state like Ahmadabad, Surat, Rajkot, Bhavnagar, Patan, Palanpur, Gondal, Amreli, Junagad, Rajpipla, Vadodara, Vapi, Valsad, Navsari.

Rajasthan State road transport corporation (RSRTC) Rajasthan state road transport also provide bus service for Udaipur from shirdi.

Karnataka state road transport corporation (KSRTC) Karnataka state road transport also provide bus service to various cities in karnataka like Bidar, Gulbarga, Belgam, Hubli, Bijapur etc. from Nashik and Trymbekashwar.


Nashik Road Railway Station is the major railway station in the city which is around 10 km (6.2 mi) from the central area of the city. Deolali railway station is around 20 km from the city which serves the military cantonment area. Nashik Road railway station is an important railway station for Central Railway it generates highest revenue in Bhusawal division.Manmad railway station comes under Nashik district and serves huge importance for visitors travelling towards Shirdi from North and South India.Igatpuri railway station is another major railway station where DC to AC conversion of electric lines are carried out by changing the engine.It has four major platforms. the fourth platform is announced recently

Nashik Road falls on the Mumbai–Bhusawal route of the Central Railways. Nashik is directly connected to various major cities in India like Mumbai, New Delhi, Kolkata, Nagpur, Kanpur, Guwahati etc. There are a few trains connecting Southern and Northern parts of India which travel via Nashik.

Nashik will also be getting a rail connectivity to Pune through Nashik Pune Rail line and to Indore by Manmad Indore Rail Line and a new platform as announced in Rail Budget debate recently.


Nashik was one of the few cities to have tramway in India. It operated for few years in the pre-independence era.


Nashik Domestic Terminal Inauguration

Nashik's Ozar Airport (IATA: ISKICAO: VAOZ) is located at a distance of 20 km (12 mi) from the city centre. The new airport terminal at Ozar was inaugurated by Minister Praful Patel on 3 March 2014. This will boost the connectivity and tourism. The flights will soon start from the new terminal. Nashik also has another airport, namely Gandhinagar Airport (IATA: VANR), with a shorter runway, and hence unfit for modern-day passenger aircraft. The government run Vayudoot used to operate a service to Mumbai from, that airport during the 1980s. A military airport is present in Deolali Cantonment.It will carry only domestic flights till date.

Nashik Domestic Airport


Greater Nasik Metro is a proposed metro railway project which will connect city neighborhoods Igatpuri, Ozar, Deolali to Nasik city.[31]


Aerial view of Nashik from the Pandavleni Caves

There are a number of notable places in or near Nashik, including the Gargoti Museum, which has a collection of zeolites (micro porous crystalline solids), and is located 32 km (20 mi) from Nashik in a town called Sinnar. There is also the Coin Museum, founded in 1980, which has a collection about the Indian currency system, including coins, moulds, dyes, replicas and photographs. About 30 km (19 mi) from Nashik is the Dugarwadi waterfall. Nashik is also called as pilgrimage city. Nashik is one of the places where Kumbh Mela is held. There are holy temples like Shree KalaRam Mandir, Trimbakeshwar Temple, Saptshrungi Vani Gad, Gondeshwar Temple, Shree Sunder Narayan Temple, Muktidham, Bhakti Dham, Shree Kapaleshwar Mahadev, Shree Laxmi Narayan Temple, Shree Someshwar Temple, Shree Ved Temple and Dutondya Maruti. The other major tourist attraction includes Artillery Centre, Nandur Madhmeshwar, Dhammagiri, Saputara, Bhandardara & Kalsubai Peak, Chamber Caves, Shree Godavari Ramkund, Sita Gumpha, Pandavleni Caves, Godavari Ghat, Ramkund, Dadasaheb Phalke Memorial, Veer Savarkar Smarak, Dudhsagar Falls, Jawhar, Blue Lagoon Water Park, Shrine of the Infant Jesus, Yoga Vidya Dham, Akhil Bhartiya Shree Swami Samarth Gurupeeth in Trimakeshwar, Shree Swami Samarth Kendra in Dindori, Shubham Water World and Sula Vineyard.

Notable people[edit]



Nashik has a number of print publications which include Marathi dailies like Deshdoot, Divya Marathi, Sakal, Lokmat,Tarun Bharat, Deshonnati, Gavkari, Maharashtra Times, Pudhari and Loksatta. Hindi newspapers such as a Nav-Bharat, Dainik Bhaskar and Lokmat Samachar. Newspapers published in English and circulated in Nashik are The Punya Nagari, Gavkari, Lokmat Times, etc. The Indian Express, The Times of India, The Economic Times are also available.


There are four FM stations broadcasting from Nashik: Radio Mirchi, Red FM 93.5, Akashvani, Radio Vishwas 90.8


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External links[edit]