Nasir ud din Mahmud

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Coin of Nasir ud din Mahmud

Nasir ud din Mahmud, Nasir ud din Firuz Shah (1246–1266) was the eighth sultan of the Mamluk Sultanate (Slave dynasty). He was the son of Nasiruddin Mahmud(died-1229), who was the youngest son of Shams ud din Iltutmish (1211–1236). He was named after his father, by Shams ud din Iltutmish, for he had grown an intense filial attachment, to the only begot son of his posthumous child. He succeeded Ala ud din Masud after the chiefs replaced Masud when they felt that he began to behave as a tyrant.

As a ruler, Mahmud was known to be very religious, spending most of his time in prayer and renowned for aiding the poor and the distressed. However, it was actually his father-in-law and Deputy Sultan or Naib, Ghiyas ud din Balban, who primarily dealt with the state affairs. After Mahmud's death in 1266, Balban (1266–1287) rose to power as Mahmud had no children to be his heir.

Personal Life[edit]

Unlike many of his predecessors and successors, Mahmud strictly followed monogamy. He spent most of his times writing down verses of Quran. He sold the handwritten copies and used the money for his personal expenses. Surprising enough, he had no servants to carry out his personal tasks. His wife had to cook the food for the family. [1]

Sultan Ghari[edit]

Octagonal tomb Sultan Ghari from within, with Mihrab on the west side.

Mahmud's fortified tomb built by Iltutmish, known as Sultan Ghari, lies in the Vasant Kunj area, close to Mehrauli, in New Delhi. Built in 1231 AD, it was the first Islamic Mausoleum built in India.[2][3] The octagonal tomb chamber, is one of finest examples of Mamluk dynasty architecture, which also include the Qutub Minar.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vandhargal Vendrargal. Chennai: Vikatan Prasuram. 2012. p. 27. ISBN 81-89780-59-X. 
  2. ^ Pankaj Tyagi. "Country’s first tomb is victim of ASI’s neglect". The Indian Muslim’s Leading News Paper Milli Gazette. 
  3. ^ Meera Iyer (2008-05-04). "In memory of...". Deccan Herald. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Ala ud din Masud
Mamluk Dynasty
1206–1290
Succeeded by
Ghiyas ud din Balban
Preceded by
Ala ud din Masud
Sultan of Delhi
1246–1266
Succeeded by
Ghiyas ud din Balban