|This January 2010 does not cite any references or sources. (January 2010)|
|President of the United Nations General Assembly|
January 1, 1950 – January 1, 1951
|Preceded by||Carlos P. Romulo|
|Succeeded by||Luis Padilla Nervo|
|Ambassador of Iran to the United Nations|
March 12, 1945 – October 1, 1962
|Preceded by||New Title|
|Succeeded by||Fereydoon Hoveyda|
February 16, 1900|
|Died||December 19, 1980
|Political party||New Iran Party
Mr. Nasrollah Enterzam, fifth President of the General Assembly and leader of the Iranian delegation, has been the permanent representative of his country to the United Nations since 1947. Born in Teheran in 1900, he graduated in law and political science at the Universities of Teheran and Paris and began his career in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1918.
Between 1926 and 1929, he was Secretary to the Iranian Legations in Paris, Warsaw, and London. He represented his Government at the World Economic Conference in London in 1933, and at the League of Nations; from 1934 to 1938 he was Chargé d'Affaires at Berne.
On his return to Iran, Mr. Entezarn was Director of the Political Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In 1942, he was appointed Grand Master of Ceremonies at the Imperial Palace, and the next year became Minister of Public Health. Subsequently, he held the positions of Minister of Posts and Telegraph, Minister of Communications, and, in 1944-45, Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Mr. Entezam represented his country at the San Francisco Conference in 1945 and at the first session of the General Assembly. He was a member of the United Nations Special Committee on Palestine in 1947. At the third session of the General Assembly, he was chairman of the Fourth (Trusteeship) Committee, and of the Special Committee on Methods and Procedures which the Assembly established at that session. At the fourth session, he served as chairman of the ad hoc Political Committee of the Assembly. He is also Ambassador Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of his country to the United States.
Early Political Life
Like his elder brother, Abd-Allah, he joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs upon completion of his education at the German Technical School and the School of Political Science. He worked in the Persian embassy in Paris, as well as in Warsaw. In 1311/1932 he returned to Persia to work in the treaty department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. During the Anglo-Persian oil dispute of 1311-12/1932-33 (see ANGLO-IRANIAN OIL COMPANY) he served as secretary to the Persian delegation and accompanied Ali-Akbar Da@var and Hosayn Ala to Geneva to present the Persian case at the League of Nations. Subsequently, he served as a member of the Persian delegation to the World Economic Conference of 1933, worked in the Persian embassy in London, and over the next four years was charge‚ d'affaires in Bern and deputy head of the Persian delegation at the League of Nations. In Tir 1317/July 1938 he was appointed head of the third political department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In this capacity he was described as "certainly the most effective [head] in recent years" (U.K., P.R.O., "Report on Personalities in Persia, 1940," F.O. 371/24582). He was later appointed Chief of Protocol (rais-eh tashreefat) at the royal court. He was sent by Reza Shah the great to Cairo in order to accompany the new bride to be Princess Fawziyeh to Iran. Below is the picture of this trip.
After Reza Shah years
Following the abdication and departure of Reza Shah in Shahreevar 1320/September 1941 and until the appointment of Mohammed-Ali Forughi (q.v.) as court minister in Esfand 1320/March 1942, Nassrollah was "fully in charge of the court" and developed close ties with Mohammad-Reza Shah (N. Entezáa@m, p. 43). His ministerial career began in Bahman 1321/January 1943 with an appointment as health minister (waz^r-e behdari) in Ahámad Qawam's cabinet. Thereafter he successively served first as minister of post, telegraph, and telephones and as minister of roads in the second cabinet of Ali Sohayli (February 1943-March 1944). He owed his ministerial position to royal favor and to the desire of prime ministers to placate the shah (U.K., India Office, "Report on Political Events of 1943," I.O.R. L/P&S/12/3472A). He was reappointed minister of roads and soon made minister of foreign affairs in Mortaza qholi Bayat's cabinet (November 1944-April 1945), but he resigned in March 1945, joining the Persian delegation at the San Francisco Conference, which established the United Nations. He served as a member and later head of the Persian delegation at the United Nations in New York. From 29 Khordad 1329 /19 June 1950 until 31 Shahrivar 1331/22 September 1952 he was Persian ambassador to the United States. He also served as the president of the fifth session of the United Nations General Assembly in 1950. He was, however, eventually removed from his ambassadorial post in Washington, D.C., and replaced by Allahyar Saleh because he did not fully enjoy the confidence of then prime minister Moháammad Mosáaddeq (Mosáaddeq, p. 84).
Following the coup of Morda@d 1332/August 1953 (q.v.) he was reappointed ambassador to the United States and served until his replacement by the cabinet minister ¿Ali Amini, who was "lobbying a little too obviously for the premiership" (U.K., P.R.O., Titchener to Riches, 18 November 1955, F.O. 248/1557). In February 1958 Nasrollah was appointed ambassador to France, where he stayed until April 1962. In July 1962 he was appointed minister without portfolio in the cabinet of Asad-Allah Alam, with whom he had maintained close ties. He was elected chairman of the inaugural congress (10-12 Ordibehesht 1354/30 April-2 May 1975) of the Resurgence party (Hezb-e rastakheez-e mellat-e Èran), that the shah had created, as the single permissible party—a development interpreted as a sign of the declining power of Alam's rival, Prime Minister Hoveyda.
According to a 1963 report by the United States embassy, the Entezáam brothers were active members in an informal gathering (dawra), which was formed around ¿Ali Amini and met every Wednesday for over twelve years. Like other members of Amini's dawra, the Entezáam brothers were active participants in a number of other such gatherings. The two brothers were, however, very different in character and disposition. The flamboyant and sartorially elegant bachelor, Nasárollah was also considered to be a capable official but devoid of those qualities which accounted for the prestige and respect accorded to his brother (see, e.g., GÚan^, XI, p. 28).
Entezam retired from public office in the late 1960s but was continually serving the monarch in one capacity or another. His final duties were the chairman of the US bicentennial celebration and co-chair of the resurgence (Rastakhheez) party. In 1978 after the revolution he decided to return to Iran from his trip to Geneva, his beloved city. Upon his return was arrested and jailed. In the notorious Evin prison he was subjected to physical and mental torture. His head was bashed against the wash basin in his cell which prompted a heart attack. His cell mate Dr. Sheikhol Eslam (Shah's minister of health and human services) came to his rescue and asked that he be taken to a hospital. Fearing his death, they released him to his next of kin, Ali Ghaffari. He expired a few days later in the house of his beloved sister Farok Lagha Entezam-Saltaneh. His house, personal property much of which were gifts and memorabilia from his extended years of service to Persia and the Imperial dynasty, were looted. The two served Iran long and with dignity.
Carlos P. Romulo
|President of the United Nations General Assembly
Luis Padilla Nervo