Nassau-Siegen

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Nassau-Siegen
State of the Holy Roman Empire
1303-1328 and 1606-1743
Capital Siegen
Government Principality
Count
 -  1303-1328 Henry
 -  1606-1623 John VII
 -  1699-1743 William Hyacinth
History
 -  Split off from N-Dillenburg 1303
 -  reunited with N-Dillenburg 1328
 -  Split off from N-Dillenburg again 1606
 -  Divided into Catholic and Protestant parts 1626
 -  C and P parts reunited 1734
 -  Fell to Orange-Nassau-Dietz 1743

Nassau-Siegen was a principality within the Holy Roman Empire that existed briefly between 1303 and 1328 and again from 1606 to 1743. From 1626 to 1734, it was subdivided into a Catholic and a Protestant part. Its capital was the city of Siegen, founded in 1224 and initially a condominium jointly owned by the archbishopric of Cologne and Nassau.

It was located some 50 km east of Cologne, and contained the modern localities of Freudenberg, Hilchenbach, Kreuztal, Siegen, and Wilnsdorf.

First Nassau-Siegen (1303-1328)[edit]

Nassau-Siegen was first created when the sons of Otto I divided their inheritance:

John died childless in 1328 and Henry inherited Nassau-Dillenburg. Henry moved to Dillenburg and his descendants are known as the Nassau-Dillenburg line.

Second Nassau-Siegen (1606-1743)[edit]

After John VI of Nassau-Dillenburg died in 1606, Nassau-Dillenburg was divided among his five surviving sons:

This division created a new principality of Nassau-Siegen. It belonged to the Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle.

After John VII died in 1628, the country was divided:

  • His eldest son, John VIII, who had converted to Catholicism, received the part of the county south of the river Sieg and the original castle in Siegen (which after 1695 was called the "Upper Castle"). John VIII was the founder of the Catholic line of Nassau-Siegen.
  • John Maurice, who remained Protestant, received the part of the county north of the Sieg. He was the founder of the Protestant line of Nassau-Siegen, which in 1695 built a new castle in Siegen, called the "Lower Castle".

John Maurice spent most of his time away from Siegen, since he was governor of Dutch Brazil and later of the Prussian province of Cleves, Mark and Ravensberg. Between 1638 and 1674, his brother George Frederick ruled the Protestant part of the country.

In 1652, John Francis Desideratus of the Catholic line was elevated to Imperial Prince. Count Henry II of the Protestant line married Marie Elisabeth of Limburg-Styrum, who brought the Lordship of Wisch in the County of Zutphen into the marriage. In 1664, John Maurice of the Protestant line was also elevated to Imperial Prince.

In 1734, the Protestant line died out with the death of Frederick William II. Nassau-Siegen was reunited under William Hyacinth, the last ruler of the Catholic line. When he died in 1743, Nassau-Siegen had died out in the male line, and the territory fell to Prince William IV of the Orange-Nassau-Dietz line, who thereby reunited all the lands of the Ottonian line of the House of Nassau.

After 1743[edit]

The Rheinbundakte, the treaty of July 12, 1806 that created the Confederation of the Rhine, mediatised Nassau-Siegen and placed it under the sovereignty of the newly created Grand Duchy of Berg. In 1808, Prince William VI of Orange-Nassau lost his remaining German possessions, as a punishment for his opposition to Napoleon. In 1813, after the Battle of Leipzig, he regained his territories. In a treaty signed on 31 May 1815, he ceded his German possessions to Prussia, in return for Prussia supporting the creation of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, where he ruled as King William I.

Extent of Nassau-Siegen[edit]

The principality consisted of the districts of Siegen, Netphen, Hilchenbach, and Freudenberg. From 1628-1734, the catholic part consisted of the districts of Hilchenbach and Freudenberg and a half the district of Siegen. At the time, the catholic half of the district of Siegen was called the district of Hayn. The Protestant part of the county consisted of the district of Netphen and the other half of the district of Siegen.

In the north, it bordered the Duchy of Westphalia. In the west, it bordered Wildenburg and Sayn-Altenkirchen. In the south, it bordered Nassau-Dillenburg and in the east Wittgenstein-Wittgenstein.

Rulers of Nassau-Siegen[edit]

Undivided[edit]

reign ruler born died
1303-1328 Henry before 1288 1347
  Nassau-Siegen reunited with Nassau-Dillenburg
1606-1623 John VII (1561-07-07)7 July 1561 7 September 1623(1623-09-07)

Catholic line[edit]

reign ruler born died relation to predecessor
1623-1638 John VIII (1583-09-29)29 September 1583 27 July 1638(1638-07-27) son of John VII
1638-1699 John Francis Desideratus (1627-07-28)28 July 1627 17 December 1699(1699-12-17) son
1699-1743 William Hyacinth (1667-04-03)3 April 1667 18 February 1743(1743-02-18) son

Protestant line[edit]

reign ruler born died relation to predecessor
1623-1638 John Maurice (1604-06-18)18 June 1604 10 December 1679(1679-12-10) son of John VII
1638-1674 George Frederick (1606-02-23)23 February 1606 5 April 1674(1674-04-05) brother
1674-1679 John Maurice (again) (1604-06-18)18 June 1604 10 December 1679(1679-12-10) brother
1679-1691 William Maurice (1649-01-18)18 January 1649 23 January 1691(1691-01-23) nephew
1691-1722 Frederick William Adolf (1680-02-20)20 February 1680 13 February 1722(1722-02-13) son
1722-1734 Frederick William II (1706-11-11)11 November 1706 2 March 1734(1734-03-02) son

References[edit]

A.J. Weidenbach: Nassauische Territorien, 1870

External links[edit]