|Nastanirh (The Broken Nest)|
Nastanirh (also Nashtanir, Bengali নষ্টনীড় Nôshţoniŗh), (1901), (English: The Broken Nest) is a Bengali novella by Rabindranath Tagore. It is the basis for the noted 1964 film, Charulata by Satyajit Ray.
According to Mary Lago in the introduction to the English translation of Nashtanir (translated by Lago and Supriya Sen), the novella was released three times: in 1901 in serial format, in 1909 as part of a special short story collection, and in 1926 as part of Tagore's standard collection of fiction (p. 9).
Scholarship indicates that this story might have been based upon the relationship between Tagore's elder brother Jyotirindranath; his brother's wife, Kadambari Devi (who committed suicide shortly after Tagore's marriage); and Tagore (who spent a great deal of time with Kadambari, reading and writing poetry).
Nastanirh takes place in late 19th century Bengal and explores the lives of the "Bhadralok", Bengalis of wealth who were part of the Bengal Renaissance and highly influenced by the Brahmo Samaj. Despite his liberal ideas, Bhupati is blind to the loneliness and dissatisfaction of his wife, Charu. It is only with the appearance of his cousin, Amal, who incites passionate feelings in Charu, that Bhupati realizes what he has lost.
Charulata (The Lonely Wife) is a 1964 film by Bengali director Satyajit Ray, featuring Soumitra Chatterjee, Madhabi Mukherjee and Sailen Mukherjee and is based upon Nastanirh. A version by Rangan Chakraborty called Ami Charulata is under development. It will star Ananya Chatterjee in the role of Charulata and Rahul Bose in the role of Bhupati.
- Tagore, Rabindranath. Broken Nest (Nashtanir). Mary M. Lago and Supriya Sen (translators). New Delhi: Macmillan India Ltd, 2000. 
- Ganguly, Ramun (2011-07-08). "Rahul Bose in Rangan Chakraborty's next". TOI.
- Seely, Clinton B. "Translating Between Media: Rabindranath Tagore and Satyajit Ray"
- Sen, Kaustav "Our Culture, Their Culture:Indian-ness in Satyajit Ray and Rabindranath Tagore explored through their works Charulata and Nashtanir"
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