Nasu people

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The Nasu people ("Black" transliterated into Chinese as 纳苏 Nasu) are an ethnic group in the People's Republic of China. They are a subgroup of the Yi people and are mainly distinguished by their use of the Nasu language, one of five main branches of the Yi languages.

They are divided into the Eastern Nasu with more than 400,000 persons, the Jinghong Nasu with more than 20,000, the Panxian Nasu with more than 300,000, the Southern Nasu with more than 100,000, and the Wusa Nasu.[1][2][3][4][5] They are from Yunnan and Sichuan.[6] They are classified as part of the Yi people.[7] The Nasu language (Eastern Yi) is one of the Lolo–Burmese languages belonging to the Tibeto-Burman languages.[8] Among the Eastern Nasu and the Wusa Nasu, a significant minority is Christian.[9][10]

Most of the Yi people of the Luquan area do not have the autonym Luoluo and Nasu in the local dialect of Yi language means "black", hence the Black Yi (Chinese 黑彝 Hei Yi).[11][12] However, the terms Black Yi (aristocrats) and White Yi (peasants) are properly caste distinctions, not linguistic ones.[13]

See also[edit]

Nasu language

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rop3=114245&rog3=CH
  2. ^ http://www.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18626&rog3=CH
  3. ^ http://www.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18627&rog3=CH
  4. ^ http://www.unreachedoftheday.org/index.php?y=2010&m=4&d=23
  5. ^ http://www.joshuaproject.net/languages.php?rol3=yig
  6. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ywq
  7. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ywq
  8. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ywq
  9. ^ http://www.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18625&rog3=CH
  10. ^ http://www.joshuaproject.net/peoples.php?peo3=18629
  11. ^ 彝族文化研究文集 1988 - Page 100 "西一带的彝族,仍有自称为"罗罗"。同时,男人自称"罗颇" ,女人自称"罗摩"。前述流行《四方八虎"图的滇东北武定、禄劝一带大多数彝族,虽己没有"罗罗》之自称,而从彝族尚黑祟虎的传统中,咯虎取黑以自称"纳苏"为《黑人"或《黑族" (彝语《纳"义为黑、大、深、 ...
  12. ^ 黃新宪 基督敎敎育与中国社会变迁 福建教育出版社, 1996. ISBN, 7533422732, 9787533422738. 1996 Page 173 "... 这对民族区域的社会变迁具有十分积极的意义。首先,提高了少数民族地区的总体文化水平。据 1951 年对滇北武定区的调查表明,聚居于各县山谷中的苗族 9 / 10 能看能写外国传教士用拉丁字母拼写的苗文;分布在山谷中的黑彝和傈傈族,凡参加基甘教者都懂传教士用拉丁字母拼写的黑彝文和栗栗文。
  13. ^ 四川省凉山彝族社会历史调查资料选辑 -1987 Page 65 "另一方面,战败者要负赔偿责任,特别是曲诺、瓦加常因主子摊派的负担而卖田 II 产,从而也激化了阶级矛盾,七、白#家支"白弗"是和黑彝对称而来的。黑彝是统治者,白彝是被统治者。"