April 19, 1845|
Hempstead (village), New York
|Died: April 21, 1907
Hoboken, New Jersey
|April 22, 1872 for the New York Mutuals|
Last MLB appearance
|June 5, 1877 for the Cincinnati Reds|
|Runs batted in||116|
Nathaniel Woodhull "Nat" Hicks (April 19, 1845 – April 21, 1907) was an American professional baseball player. He played as a catcher in Major League Baseball for six seasons, two in the National League. Hicks was one of the first catchers to stand directly behind the batter, which allowed future Hall of Fame pitcher, Candy Cummings to develop the first curveball used in baseball. A popular and highly regarded player during his time in baseball, but injuries sustained over the course of his career cut his playing time short.
Born in Hempstead, New York, Hicks served briefly in the 15th New York Infantry Regiment near the end of the American Civil War. He began playing professional baseball in the National Association of Base Ball Players through 1871, most notably for the Eckford of Brooklyn. Hicks' pivotal role in the development of the curveball is seldom mentioned. Most catchers of his era stood twenty to twenty-five feet behind the batter, which made it impossible to field a curveball. It was Hicks' catching technique of standing directly behind the batter, that allowed Cummings to introduce his curveball. The introduction of the curveball not only caused a revolutionary change in the way catchers fielded their position, but also radically changed pitching as well.
He later moved on and spent most of his career playing in the National Association. He joined the New York Mutuals in 1872 where he was reunited with Cummings, and became their everyday catcher. He batted .306 that season as the Mutuals finished third. Hicks returned with the Mutuals in 1873, but that season saw his skills decline significantly both in the field and at the bat. He played in only 28 games and shared the catching duties that season with Dick Higham and Doug Allison.
On July 24, 1873, Bob Ferguson of the Brooklyn Atlantics was the umpire in a game between the New York Mutuals and the Baltimore Canaries which ended with the Mutuals scoring 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning for an 11-10 victory. Ferguson and the Mutuals' Hicks got into a verbal altercation which ended with Ferguson breaking Hicks' arm by hitting him with a bat. Ferguson required a police escort to leave the field and Hicks was out of action for 2 months.
Hicks changed teams in 1874, joining the Philadelphia White Stockings where he was once again reunited with Cummings, and enjoyed a bounce back season, batting .274, and caught every game the team played. He returned to the mutuals in 1875 when he was named the player-manager, the only stint as a manager in his career. There is some dispute with this notion, as other baseball references have him as player-manager for the White Stockings the previous year as well, instead of Bill Craver. When the Association folded, the Mutuals and Hicks moved over to the newly formed National League in 1876, and then finished his career with the Cincinnati Reds.
After his baseball days were over, he became a professional singer and proprieter of a billiard academy. While Cummings went on to become enshrined in the Baseball Hall of Fame, Hicks' role in the development of the curveball is rarely mentioned. Hicks died in Hoboken, New Jersey at the age of 62 of accidental gas asphyxiation in a hotel room, and was interred in St. Peter Cemetery in Jersey City, New Jersey.
- Denny Mack - the Radcliffe affair
- "Nat Hicks' Stats". retrosheet.org. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
- Morris, Peter (2010). Catcher: How the Man Behind the Plate Became an American Folk Hero. Government Institutes. p. 42. ISBN 1-5666-3870-4. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
- "Behind The Bat With Nat Hicks". The New York Times, May 12, 1907. 1907-05-12. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
- "1872 New York Mutuals team page". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
- "1873 New York Mutuals team page". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
- "19th Century Baseball: Bob Ferguson". 19cbaseball.com. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
- "1874 Philadelphia White Stockings team page". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
- "Nat Hicks' Managerial Stats". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
- "The Dead Ball Era: Heading Home". thedeadballera.com. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
- "The Dead Ball Era: Accidents". thedeadballera.com. Retrieved 2008-03-03.