|This article does not cite any references or sources. (September 2014)|
Davidson County, Tennessee
|Died||1921 (aged 67)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Occupation||slave, cowboy, rodeo performer, pullman porter, author|
|Years active||1866–1921 (his death)|
|Relatives||Sampson Love (Father)|
Nat Love (pronounced "Nate" Love) (c. 1854 – 1921), and also known as "Deadwood Dick", was an African-American cowboy following the American Civil War. In 1907, Love wrote his autobiography in which he tells of his father being a slave foreman in the fields, and his mother the manager of the plantation's kitchen.
Love was a slave when he was born on the plantation of Robert Love in Davidson County, Tennessee, around 1854. Despite slavery era statutes that outlawed black literacy, he learned to read and write as a child with the help of his father, Sampson. When slavery ended, Sampson Love attempted to start a family farm to raise tobacco and corn, but he died shortly after the second crop was planted. Nat then took a second job working on a local farm to help make ends meet. After a few years of working odd jobs, he won a horse in a raffle, which he sold in order to leave town. He went west to Dodge City, Kansas, where he found work as a cowboy from the Duval Ranch, located in Texas. Because of his excellent horse riding skills, the Duval Ranch cowboys gave Love the nickname, "Red River Dick." He left Dodge City and returned with them to the home ranch in the Texas Panhandle.
Life as a cowboy
Love fought cattle rustlers and endured inclement weather. He was an expert marksman and cowboy. When he entered a rodeo in Deadwood, South Dakota, on the 4th of July in 1876, he won the rope, throw, tie, bridle, saddle, and bronco riding contests. It was at this rodeo that fans gave him the nickname "Deadwood Dick".
On October 1877, he was captured by a band of Akimel O'odham (Pima) while rounding up stray cattle near the Gila River in Arizona. Love reported that his life was spared because the Indians respected his fighting ability. Eventually, he stole a pony and managed to escape into west Texas.
- Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience; p. 175.
- "Life and Adventures of Nat Love; Better Known in the Cattle Country as "Deadwood Dick," by Himself; Nat Love; Los Angeles, California; 1907.