Natalia Korolevska

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Natalia Korolevska
Наталія Юріївна Королевська
Natalia Korolevska.jpg
Natalia Korolevska in 2012
2nd Minister of Social Policy of Ukraine
In office
24 December 2012 – 24 February 2014[1]
Prime Minister Mykola Azarov
Preceded by Serhiy Tihipko
People's Deputy of Ukraine
In office
25 May 2006 – 12 December 2012
Personal details
Born (1975-05-18) 18 May 1975 (age 38)
Krasnyi Luch, Ukrainian SSR
Nationality Ukrainian
Political party Party of Natalia Korolevska "Ukraine – Forward!"[2]
Other political
affiliations
All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland" (2005-2011)[3]
Spouse(s) Yuriy Solod[4]
Children 2 sons[4]
Residence Kiev, Ukraine
Alma mater East Ukraine Volodymyr Dahl National University and Donetsk State Academy of Management
Occupation Politician
Profession Manager[5]
Religion Ukrainian Orthodox
Website www.korolevskaya.com.ua

Natalia Yuriivna Korolevska (Ukrainian: Наталія Юріївна Королевська) (born 18 May 1975 in Krasnyi Luch[6]) is a Ukrainian politician[7] and ex-Minister of Social Policy of Ukraine. Since 23 December 2011 she has been the party-leader of the Ukrainian Social Democratic Party.[2] On 22 March 2012 the Ukrainian Social Democratic Party was renamed Party of Natalia Korolevska "Ukraine – Forward!".[8][9]

Biography[edit]

Korolevska was born in the former USSR in 1975, her father was a miner, her mother a teacher.[10] Korolevska graduated from the East Ukraine Volodymyr Dahl National University in 1997[11][12] and the Donetsk State Academy of Management in 2002 (speciality "Manager of organizations").[5] From 1992 Korolevska worked in several management functions, starting in a company set up by her older brother Kostiantyn,[13] earning a "Leader of middle business" award in 2004.[5]

Political career[edit]

From 2002 until 2006 Korolevska was a deputy of the Luhansk regional parliament. During the Presidential election 2004 she supported Victor Yanukovich.[14][15] Korolevska was a member of Council of Entrepreneurs under the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine in the years 2003, 2004 and 2005.[16]

Korolevska became a member of All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland" (a part of Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko) in autumn 2005 because "she is sure that the block of Yulia Tymoshenko is the future".[14] Korolevska decided to enter national politics: "I knew the most complex problems of the Donbass and sincerely wanted to solve them, but saw and understood that it is impossible to do at the level of the regional council.[17] It is in this spirit that I arrived in the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament) in 2006. Disappointment came quickly enough: it seems that everyone here is well aware of the difficulties, but nobody makes an attempt resolve them and to help the people."[17] During the 2006 and 2007 parliamentary elections, she was elected as a deputy to the Verkhovna Rada. Korolevska is the current chairman of the committee on issues of industrial and regulatory policy and entrepreneurship in the Verkhovna Rada.[11][18][19][20][21]

Korolevska represented her party early December 2011 at the Congress of the European People's Party (party leader Tymoshenko was in custody at the time).[22][23]

On 23 December 2011, Korolevska was elected the leader of the Ukrainian Social Democratic Party (just like her former party, that party was also a member of the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc).[2] Hence she did not change faction in the Verkhovna Rada.[2]

On 14 March 2012 Korolevska was expelled from her “Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko-Batkivschyna”-faction after refusing to vote for the inclusion of a proposal in the agenda of the Verkhovna Rada (according to the faction; Korolevska claimed her "voting card" was stolen and that she wanted to vote for the proposal[24]).[25] The faction stated Korolevska was expelled "for breach of parliamentary ethics and cooperation with the Presidential Administration"; she had been reprimanded previously.[24][26] Two deputies of the “Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko-Batkivschyna”-faction, who were like Korolevska members of the Ukrainian Social Democratic Party,[27] resigned from the faction in protest against Korolevska's expelling the same day.[28]

On the 22 March 2012 party congress the Ukrainian Social Democratic Party was renamed Ukraine – Forward!.[8][9] In the October 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election this/her party won 1.58% of the national votes and no constituencies and thus failed to win parliamentary representation.[29]

Despite that in June 2012 her party had stated it would not cooperate with the Party of Regions in a new parliament[30] and in October 2012 had threatened Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych with impeachment[31] Korolevska became Minister of Social Policy of Ukraine in the Party of Regions led and appointed by Yanukovych second Azarov Government on 24 December 2012.[32]

On 24 February 2014, just after the "Maidan revolution",[33] the Verkhovna Rada dismissed Korolevska.[1]

Political positions[edit]

“Almost 20 years spent talking about European values and the principles of democracy has lead us to the world of illusions and double standards”

Korolevska during the Yalta European Strategy conference 2011[34]

Korolevska political goal is "to create an efficient, transparent and stable economy"[35] with less Government involvement.[16] She claims to stand for political reforms to combat poverty and corruption.[35] Korolevska wants to involve the non-government sector more in decision-making.[34] She is against re-privatization.[36]

In February 2012 she accused the Azarov Government of being "amateurish" "and it doesn't seem to notice that the country is on the verge of default".[37]

Early March 2012 Korolevska called for the opposition to run the 2012 parliamentary elections on a single list.[38] The day after she was expelled from the “Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko-Batkivschyna”-faction (formerly BYuT faction) in the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament) on 14 March 2012 she stated "Deputies from the so-called opposition have united with the majority factions; an anti-national majority consisting of representatives of the current and previous government has been formed in the Verkhovna Rada".[25][39] Korolevska's Ukrainian Social Democratic Party left the Dictatorship Resistance Committee (the main vehicle where the opposition was negotiating forming joint electoral list of candidates in electoral districts in the 2012 parliamentary elections[40][41]) on 14 March 2012.[27]

Cultural and political image[edit]

Korolevska is seen as a representative of the upcoming generation of political leaders of Ukraine.[34] In 2007 "Focus" magazine placed Korolevska 66th in a survey investigating the most influential women of Ukraine.[42] In 2009 she reached the 9th spot in that survey (six places higher than the Minister of Labor and Social Policy Lyudmyla Denisova);[43] "in 2009 she increased her presence in the coal market of Ukraine", according to Focus.[44]

In February 2008 Focus placed Korolevska at the 93rd place in their ranking of the richest Ukrainians.[16] Experts of the magazine assessed her assets to be worth US$ 243 million (in the food industry).[16] According to Korolevska she is no longer active in business and her husband controls her assets.[36]

According to media in Luhansk Korolevska remains one of the most influential figures in that region.[16]

According to experts Korolevska spend about $1.25 million on a spring 2012 national billboards campaign aimed at raising her profile; her press service did not give any figures about expenditures on this ad campaign, stating it was a “commercial secret”.[45]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (Ukrainian) Parliament dismissed ministers, Ukrayinska Pravda (24 February 2014)
  2. ^ a b c d Korolevska promises not to change ideology of Ukrainian Social Democratic Party, Kyiv Post (24 December 2011)
  3. ^ (Ukrainian)Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc election list, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
  4. ^ a b (Ukrainian) Соратниця Тимошенко повторює за Довгим, а її дітей виховують її батьки, Tablo ID (January 8, 2009)
  5. ^ a b c Biography, Who-is-Who.com.ua
  6. ^ (Ukrainian)Biography, Довідники про сучасну Україну
  7. ^ (Ukrainian)Natalia Korolevska's profile, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
  8. ^ a b (Ukrainian) Королевська перейменувалася та обіцяє звинувачувати лідерів БЮТ, Ukrayinska Pravda (22 March 2012)
  9. ^ a b (Ukrainian) УСДП перейменувалася в партію "Україна – Вперед!", BBC Ukrainian (22 March 2012)
  10. ^ (Russian) Н.Королевская: «Раскол между Западом и Востоком Украины надуман политическими лозунгами, а не внутренним состоянием людей», From-UA (November 20, 2008)
  11. ^ a b (Ukrainian)Наталия Королевская: «Луганск - не Донецк…», Остров (13 March 2008)
  12. ^ (Ukrainian)Главой ФГИ может стать Наталья Королевская. Портнов уже попросился в отставку, Остров (May 20, 2008)
  13. ^ A Royal Gift to the Government, The Ukrainian Week (5 June 2012)
  14. ^ a b (Ukrainian)Народна депутатка з Луганська від БЮТу раніше підтримувала Віктора Януковича, Gazeta.ua (March 23, 2007)
  15. ^ (Ukrainian)Спецпроект «Невідома Україна». Снігова королева, Контракти (July 16, 2007)
  16. ^ a b c d e (Russian) Королевская Наталия Юрьевна, LІGA.net
  17. ^ a b (Russian)Наталья Королевская: «У нас в семье патриархат», VV news (March 23, 2010)
  18. ^ Korolevska: Ukrainians not to notice rise in social standards, economy to be in shadows, Kyiv Post (October 21, 2009)
  19. ^ (Ukrainian)MP Korolevska Of BYT For Clipping Taxation Of Entrepreneurs To Get Over Economic Crisis, Ukrainian News Agency (November 7, 2008)
  20. ^ People's deputy Korolevska: NBU's discount rate should be lowered, Kyiv Post (May 8, 2010)
  21. ^ Korolevska: Decision on placing gambling establishments must be taken after local referendums, Kyiv Post (May 25, 2010)
  22. ^ Korolevska to report on situation with Tymoshenko at EPP's 20th congress, Interfax Ukraine (5 December 2011)
  23. ^ BYT-Batkivschyna demands Tymoshenko, Lutsenko be examined by foreign doctors, Interfax Ukraine (5 December 2011)
  24. ^ a b (Ukrainian) Королевську викинули з БЮТ, Ukrayinska Pravda (14 March 2012)
  25. ^ a b Korolevska expelled from Batkivschyna faction, Kyiv Post (14 March 2012)
  26. ^ (Ukrainian) "Шури-мури" Королевської з АП стали останньою краплею для БЮТ, Ukrayinska Pravda (14 March 2012)
  27. ^ a b (Ukrainian) З БЮТ пішли дві людини Королевської, Ukrayinska Pravda (14 March 2012)
  28. ^ Suslov, Lohvynenko submit statements to quit BYUT-Batkivshchyna, Kyiv Post (14 March 2012)
  29. ^ (Ukrainian) Proportional votes, Central Electoral Commission of Ukraine
  30. ^ Korolevska's party not planning to cooperate with Regions Party in new parliament, Kyiv Post (5 June 2012)
  31. ^ (Ukrainian) ЯНУКОВИЧ ПРИЗНАЧИВ НОВИЙ КАБМІН. І КОРОЛЕВСЬКІЙ ДАЛИ КРІСЛО, Ukrayinska Pravda (24 December 2012)
  32. ^ Yanukovych appoints new Cabinet of Ministers, Kyiv Post (24 December 2012)
  33. ^ Ukraine: Speaker Oleksandr Turchynov named interim president, BBC News (23 February 2014)
    Ukraine protests timeline, BBC News (23 February 2014)
  34. ^ a b c Young opposition leaders disappoint in Yalta, Kyiv Post (September 19, 2011)
  35. ^ a b (Ukrainian) Королевська стала обличчям модного журналу, Tablo ID (September 1, 2010)
  36. ^ a b (Russian) Королевская Наталья, ДОСЬЕ
  37. ^ Korolevska:Government carrying out reshuffles to throw dust in eyes of Ukrainians, Kyiv Post (24 February 2012)
  38. ^ Korolevska urging Dictatorship Resistance Committee to form single list for parliamentary elections, Kyiv Post (7 March 2012)
  39. ^ Korolevska:Anti-national majority formed in parliament, Kyiv Post (15 March 2012)
  40. ^ (Ukrainian) Комітет опору диктатурі спробує поділити округи, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (21 November 2011)
  41. ^ (Ukrainian) Комітет опору диктатурі зробив паузу, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (21 November 2011)
  42. ^ (Ukrainian) Фаворитка Тимошенко, Tablo ID (December 20, 2006)
  43. ^ (Russian) Рейтинг Фокуса: 100 самых влиятельных женщин и 100 деталей о них, Focus
  44. ^ (Russian) Наталья Королевская, Focus
  45. ^ Korolevska everywhere, but is she going anywhere?, Kyiv Post (30 March 2012)

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Sergei Tigipko
Minister of Social Policy
2012–2014
Succeeded by
Lyudmyla Denisova
Party political offices
Preceded by
Yevhen Korniychuk
Leader of Party of Natalia Korolevska "Ukraine – Forward!"
2011–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent