Nathan B. Forrest High School (Jacksonville, Florida)
|Nathan Bedford Forrest High School|
|Jacksonville, Florida, USA|
|Principal||Dr. Gregory Bostic|
|Number of students||1,800|
|Color(s)||Gray Black and Red|
Nathan B. Forrest High School is a public high school in the Duval County School District on the Westside of Jacksonville, Florida. It is named for Nathan Bedford Forrest, a Confederate general and first Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan, a point of significant controversy. It will be renamed Westside High School in 2014.
The school opened as New School 207 in 1959 in Jacksonville's Wesconnett neighborhood, at the site of present-day J. E. B. Stuart Middle School. Built during the era of racial segregation, it was originally a white-only school. The school's name was a contentious issue from the beginning, with three groups supporting different names. Incoming students, who had already dubbed the football team the "Vikings", voted to name it Valhalla High School, while another faction wanted to name it Wesconnett High School after the neighborhood. The United Daughters of the Confederacy wanted the school named for "a distinguished Southern leader", eventually settling on Confederate general Nathan Bedford Forrest. After multiple votes failed to find agreement, the Duval County School Board voted to name the school Nathan B. Forrest High School on September 17, 1959.
In 1961 the junior high school was branched off, forming what is now Jefferson Davis Middle School. The measure allowed Forrest to avoid double sessions. In 1966 the school was moved to its present location on Firestone Road; the old building was converted into J. E. B. Stuart Middle School. That year the school also began the process of integration. The school also adopted more Confederate symbolism, changing its athletics nicknames to the "Rebels" and featuring Confederate flags and the song "Dixie" at sporting events. The use of Confederate imagery became a recurring point of contention as the school integrated.
The fact that the school was named for Nathan Bedford Forrest became a point of contention and controversy. Later commenters have seen the decision as a response to the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education that school segregation was unconstitutional. Critics pointed to controversial aspects of Forrest's biography to argue he was an inappropriate namesake for the school. Most significantly they noted his background as a slave owner and trader; his potential role in the Fort Pillow Massacre, in which many black Union troops were killed; and especially the fact that he was an early leader in the Ku Klux Klan, being elected Grand Dragon in 1867.
In the 21st century, the school was majority African-American, and many critics felt the name was a holdover of institutional racism. The local controversy periodically drew national attention, and many local leaders felt it cast a poor light on the city of Jacksonville. In November 2006, the latest in a long line of petitions to change the name of the high school was submitted to the Duval County School Board. However, on November 3, 2008, the School Board voted 5-2 to retain the name.
In 2013 the School Board decided to revisit the issue. The movement to change the name was aided by a petition started by local resident Omotayo Richmond that garnered thousands of signatures. A School Board survey found that 64% of students favored a name change. On December 16, 2013, the School Board voted unanimously to change the name, leaving the new name up to a student vote. After this vote, the School Board voted on January 7, 2014 to rename the school "Westside High School" as of July 1, 2014. On January 21, students voted to rename their sports teams from the "Rebels" to the "Wolverines".
- J.E.B. Stuart Middle School
- Cedar Hills
- Sadie Tillis
- Stonewall Jackson
- Jefferson Davis Middle School
- Cedar Hills
- Chimney Lakes
- Gregory Drive
- Hyde Grove
- Jacksonville Heights
- Normandy Village
- Sadie Tillis
- Oak Hill
In 2009 the school earned a "D" grade. The school earned an "F" the two years before. But as of 2010 the school was thought to be "exceeding expectations" as their motto states.
Forrest fields sports teams in football, baseball, swimming, basketball, volleyball, soccer and wrestling, among others. The school mascot is the Confederate Rebel, modeled in appearance after Colonel Reb, the former mascot of the University of Mississippi.
Their most famous athletic alumni is basketball guard/forward Otis Smith, who played at Jacksonville University after graduating from Forrest in 1982, then went on to play for the NBA Denver Nuggets for two seasons, Golden State Warriors for the 1987-88 season, then three seasons with the Orlando Magic. He retired as a player in 1992 and is now the current general manager of the Orlando Magic.
The school also has a large AFJROTC program, including three unarmed drill teams, a sabre guard, an armed drill team, and a color guard.
The school has an outdoor pool which is used by the athletic teams and physical education classes during the academic year; then it becomes a free public pool operated by the City of Jacksonville Parks & Recreation Department during the summer months.
- Allen Collins - Founding member and guitarist of the Southern rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd.
- Gene Deckerhoff - Radio play-by-play announcer of the NFL's Tampa Bay Buccaneers, and broadcaster of Florida State Seminoles athletics.
- Michael Jennings - Track and field standout at Florida State University and American football wide receiver.
- Otis Smith - Former Jacksonville University standout, retired American professional basketball player and former general manager of the NBA's Orlando Magic.
- Scott Speicher - United States Navy pilot who was killed when his F/A-18 Hornet fighter was shot down over Iraq on January 17, 1991, the first night of Operation Desert Storm.
- "Nathan B. Forrest High School". Retrieved 2013-12-17.
- Woods, Mark (September 28, 2013). "Mark Woods: 54 years and counting for Jacksonville's longest meeting". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
- "Florida high school at last breaks ties with Confederate past". Tampa Bay Times. Associated Press. December 17, 2013. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
- Mack, Sammy (December 17, 2013). "After The KKK: The Future -- And History -- Of Jacksonville's Forrest High". www. wlrn.org. WLRN-FM. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
- Marbut, Max (September 5, 20111). "50 years ago this week". Financial News & Daily Record. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
- Gettys, Travis (October 17, 2013). "KKK group begs Florida officials to keep school named for Nathan Bedford Forrest". The Raw Story.
- "Florida school board votes to remove name of Confederate general". Reuters. November 9, 2013. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
- Strauss, Valerie (December 16, 2013). "School named after KKK grand wizard to be renamed — finally". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 17, 2013.
- Gettys, Travis (17 December 2013). "Florida high school finally drops name honoring KKK founder Nathan Bedford Forrest". Raw Story. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
- "School Demographic, Assessment, and Accountability Data". Duval County Public Schools. Retrieved 2008-02-16.