Nathan H. Juran
Naftuli "Nathan" Hertz Juran (September 1, 1907 - October 23, 2002) was an American film art director and film director who along with Richard Day and Thomas Little is most noted for winning the Academy Award for Best Art Direction of a black and white film in 1942 for How Green Was My Valley and for directing science fiction and fantasy films such as Attack of the 50 Foot Woman. He was also the brother of quality guru Joseph M. Juran.
Life and career
Juran was born to a Jewish family in Gura Humorului, Romania. In 1912, he immigrated to America with his family, settling in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He earned a bachelor's degree in Architecture from the University of Minnesota. He also spent a summer studying at the École des Beaux-Arts before earning a master's degree in Architecture from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. With the construction industry at a standstill due to the Great Depression, Juran moved to Los Angeles, where he landed a job as a draftsman in the art department at RKO Radio Pictures. He later moved to 20th Century Fox, where he became art director on How Green Was My Valley.
He began his career as an art director, winning an Oscar for his work on How Green Was My Valley (1941), and a nomination for The Razor's Edge (1946). His other credits in the field included Charley's Aunt (1941), Winchester '73 (1950), and Harvey (1950).
As a director, his best-known efforts were in the science fiction and fantasy genres, often with producer Charles H. Schneer, among which were Attack of the 50 Foot Woman, 20 Million Miles To Earth, The Brain from Planet Arous, Jack the Giant Killer (1962 film), The Deadly Mantis, The 7th Voyage of Sinbad and First Men in the Moon (based on the novel by H.G. Wells). His television work included instalments of Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea, Lost in Space, and Land of the Giants.
In 1999, he was honored with the Lifetime Career Award by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films, USA.
- How Green Was My Valley (1942)
- The Black Castle (1952)
- Drums Across the River (1954)
- The Deadly Mantis (1957)
- 20 Million Miles to Earth (1957)
- The 7th Voyage of Sinbad (1958)
- The Brain from Planet Arous (1958)
- Attack of the 50 Foot Woman (1958)
- Jack the Giant Killer (1962)
- Siege of the Saxons (1963)
- First Men in the Moon (1964)
- Land Raiders (1969)
- The Boy Who Cried Werewolf (1973)
- Juran, Joseph M. (2004), Architect of Quality: The Autobiography of Dr. Joseph M. Juran (1 ed.), New York City, New York: McGraw-Hill, pp. 354–355, ISBN 978-0-07-142610-7, OCLC 52877405
- McLellan, Dennis (November 1, 2002), "Nathan Juran, 95; Art Director, Filmmaker", The Los Angeles Times: B12
- Westfahl, Gary, Gary Westfahl's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science Fiction Film, retrieved 2008-04-05