Nathaniel B. Borden

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Nathaniel Briggs Borden
Nathaniel B. Borden.png
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 10th district
In office
March 4, 1835 – March 3, 1839
Preceded by William Baylies
Succeeded by Henry Williams
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 10th district
In office
March 4, 1841 – March 3, 1843
Preceded by Henry Williams
Succeeded by Barker Burnell
Member of
the Massachusetts Senate
In office
1845–1848
Member of
the Massachusetts House of Representatives
In office
1864–1864
Member of
the Massachusetts House of Representatives
3rd Mayor of
The City of Fall River, Massachusetts
In office
1856–1857
Member of
the Board of Aldermen[1][2]
from the 2nd Ward[2]
City of Fall River, Massachusetts
In office
1859–1865
Member of
the Board of Selectmen[1]
for the Town of Fall River, Massachusetts
Preceded by John Eddy
Succeeded by Matthew C. Hathaway
Town Clerk of
Fall River, Massachusetts[1]
Highway Surveyor of
the Town of Fall River, Massachusetts
Board of Selectmen[1]
Personal details
Born April 15, 1801
Freetown, Massachusetts
Died April 10, 1865
Fall River, Massachusetts
Political party Jacksonian, Democrat, Whig
Spouse(s) Sarah Gray,[3] d. May 22, 1840.;[2]
Louisa G. Gray, d. June 4, 1842;[2]
Sarah Gould[4] Buffum, d. September 10, 1854.[2]
Children Simeon Borden, b. March 29, 1829, d. March 9, 1896;[5]
Nathaniel Briggs Borden, Jr., b. February 23, 1844;[4]
Sarah d. September 9, 1854.[2]
Religion Unitarian
Signature

Nathaniel Briggs Borden (April 15, 1801 – April 10, 1865) was a businessman and politician from Fall River, Massachusetts. He served as a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts's 10th congressional district, with two non-concurrent terms between 1835 and 1843. He later served as a member of the Massachusetts General Court, first as a state Senator, and later a state representative. He also served as the third mayor of Fall River. His business career included interests textile mills, banking and railroads. He was the younger brother of noted land surveyor Simeon Borden.

Early life and education[edit]

Nathaniel Briggs Borden was born to Simeon Borden and Amey (Briggs) Borden in the part of Freetown, Massachusetts which became Fall River in 1803.[6] His father died in 1811. His mother Amey, was one of the original incorporators of the Troy Cotton & Woolen Manufactory, the second cotton mill to be established in Fall River, in 1813, which was built on her property. Amey Borden died in 1817, leaving five children, including sixteen-year-old Nathaniel.

Much of Borden's youth was spent in Tiverton, Rhode Island. He attended the district school and Plainfield (Connecticut) Academy, but left when his mother died. Borden acquired an interest in government at a young age. In 1821, when he was just twenty years old, Borden and several associates organized the Pocasset Manufacturing Company, in Fall River, Massachusetts. He served as the company's first clerk and treasurer.[7]

Borden was married four times. His first marriage was to Sarah Gray on March 16, 1820. The couple had five children before Sarah died on May 22, 1840. Their eldest son, Simeon served as clerk of the courts of Bristol County, Massachusetts for thirty-two years.[8]

Borden's second marriage was to Sarah's sister Louisa Gray on December 10, 1840. She died on June 4, 1842.

Borden's third marriage was to Sarah Gould Buffum on February 12, 1843. She was the daughter of Arnold Buffum, and sister of Elizabeth Buffum Chace.[9] She died on September 10, 1854 from Asiatic cholera, one day after their daughter died from the same disease.[10] This marriage also produced a son, Nathaniel Briggs, born in 1844. Nathaniel Briggs Borden, Jr. would later follow his father's footsteps with a career business and banking, including the Valley Falls Company, run by his uncle Samuel B. Chace, and later the Barnard Mills in Fall River, which he helped organize.

Borden's last marriage was to Lydia A. Slade on March 14, 1855.[11]

Political career[edit]

He served as member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1831 and 1834 and again in 1851 and in 1864.

Borden was elected as a Jacksonian to the Twenty-fourth Congress and reelected as a Democrat to the Twenty-fifth Congress (March 4, 1835 – March 3, 1839), winning both times as the candidate of a coalition that included his district's Anti-Masonic Party. He was an unsuccessful Whig candidate for reelection to the Twenty-sixth Congress in 1838.

Borden was elected as a Whig to the Twenty-seventh Congress (March 4, 1841 – March 3, 1843). He later served as member of the Massachusetts Senate from 1845 to 1848.

In 1856, Borden was elected Mayor of Fall River, and reelected in 1857.

Business career[edit]

Borden engaged in banking and served as president of the Fall River Savings Bank and of the Fall River Union Bank. He was also president of the Fall River Railroad, from 1847 to 1854, when it merged with the Old Colony Railroad.

Death and legacy[edit]

Borden died in Fall River, Massachusetts, April 10, 1865, just a few days before his sixty-fourth birthday. He was interred in Oak Grove Cemetery. In 1867, the City of Fall River dedicated the N. B. Borden School on Morgan Street in his honor. In 1876, the Academy of Music Building was dedicated in his honor by his widow Lydia, and his surviving adult children.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d New England Historic Genealogical Society (1905), Memorial Biographies of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, Vol. VI, Boston, MA: The New England Historic Genealogical Society, p. 95. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Weld, Hattie Borden (1899), Historical and Genealogical Record of the Descendants as far as known of Richard and Joan Borden, Los Angeles, CA: Hattie Borden Weld, p. 179. 
  3. ^ Weld, Hattie Borden (1899), Historical and genealogical record of the descendants as far as known of Richard and Joan Borden, Los Angeles, CA: Hattie Borden Weld, p. 177. 
  4. ^ a b Weld, Hattie Borden (1899), Historical and genealogical record of the descendants as far as known of Richard and Joan Borden, Los Angeles, California: Hattie Borden Weld, p. 236. 
  5. ^ Borden, Alanson (1899), Our County and Its People: A Descriptive and Biographical Record of Bristol County Massachusetts, part. 2, Boston, MA: Boston History Company, pp. 709–712. 
  6. ^ Hurd, Duane Hamilton (1883), History of Bristol County, Massachusetts: with Biographical Sketches of Many of its Pioneers and Prominent Men, Philadelphia, PA: J. W. Lewis & Co., p. 370. 
  7. ^ Early life
  8. ^ Simeon Borden
  9. ^ Sarah Buffum
  10. ^ Historical and genealogical record of the descendants as far as known of Richard and Joan Borden, who settled in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, May, 1638, H.B. Weld, 1899
  11. ^ History of Bristol County, Massachusetts, J. W. Lewis & Co., 1883

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.