Nathaniel Chipman

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Nathaniel Chipman
United States Senator
from Vermont
In office
October 17, 1797 – March 4, 1803
Preceded by Isaac Tichenor
Succeeded by Israel Smith
Personal details
Born (1752-11-15)November 15, 1752
Salisbury, Connecticut
Died February 13, 1843(1843-02-13) (aged 90)
Tinmouth, Vermont
Political party Federalist
Spouse(s) Sarah Hill Chipman (1762 - 1831)
Children Jeffrey Chipman (1789 - 1889)

Nathaniel Chipman (November 15, 1752 – February 13, 1843) was a United States Senator from Vermont, and Chief Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court.

Early life[edit]

Born in Salisbury, Connecticut, Chipman was privately tutored. He received his degree from Yale College in 1777 while in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. From 1777 to 1778 he served as a lieutenant in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment.

Career[edit]

After his military service, Chipman studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1779, commencing practice in Tinmouth, Vermont.[1] From 1781 to 1785 he served as the first State's Attorney of Rutland County, and he was a member of the Vermont House of Representatives in 1784 and 1785,

Chipman was elected as judge of the Vermont Supreme Court in 1786 and chosen chief justice in 1789. On March 4, 1791, Chipman was nominated by President George Washington to be a federal judge on the newly established United States District Court for the District of Vermont, created by 1 Stat. 73. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 4, 1791, and received his commission the same day.[2] Chipman resigned on January 1, 1793, and was again elected Chief Justice of the State Supreme Court in 1796.

Chipman was elected as a Federalist to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Isaac Tichenor and served from October 17, 1797, until March 4, 1803;[3] he was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection. From 1806 to 1811 he was a member of the Vermont House of Representatives. In 1813 he was a member of the Vermont Council of Censors, the predecessor of the Vermont State Senate, which met periodically to review state statutes and ensure that they complied with the state constitution. Chipman was again chief justice of Vermont from 1813 to 1815. He was a professor of law at Middlebury College beginning in 1816.[4]

Death[edit]

Chipman died in Tinmouth on February 13, 1843. He is interred at the Tinmouth Cemetery, Tinmouth, Vermont.[5]

Family[edit]

In 1781 Chipman married Sarah Hill (1762-1831), and their children included: Laura Chipman Brownson (1782-1864); Henry C. Chipman (1784-1867); Jeffrey Chipman (1789-1849); Edwin Chipman (1792-1840); Cassius Chipman (born 1797); and Oscar Hill Chipman (1804-1863).[6]

Jeffrey Chipman was a Justice of the Peace in Canandaigua, New York in the 1820s, and was the jurist from whom those attempting to prevent William Morgan from publishing a book opposing Freemasonry obtained an arrest warrant for Morgan, which eventually led to Morgan's disappearance and presumed death and the founding of the Anti-Masonic Party.[7]

Nathaniel Chipman was a brother of Congressman (from Vermont) Daniel Chipman (1765–1850), and grandfather of Congressman (from Michigan) John Logan Chipman (1830–1893) and New York State Senator John W. Brownson (1807–1860).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nathaniel Chipman". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "Nathaniel Chipman". Biographical Directory of Federal Judges. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "Nathaniel Chipman". Govtrack. US Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  4. ^ Nathaniel Chipman. Encyclopedia, Vermont Biography. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "Nathaniel Chipman". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  6. ^ Chipman, Bert Lee (1920). The Chipman Family: A Genealogy of the Chipmans in America, 1631-1920. Winston-Salem, North Carolina: Winston Printing Company. pp. 50, 105–109. 
  7. ^ Conover, Jefferson S. (1897). Freemasonry in Michigan: A Comprehensive History of Michigan Masonry, Volume 1. Coldwater, Michigan: Conover Printing Company. p. 145. 

External links[edit]


United States Senate
Preceded by
Isaac Tichenor
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Vermont
1797–1803
Served alongside: Elijah Paine, Stephen R. Bradley
Succeeded by
Israel Smith
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Samuel Smith
Oldest living U.S. Senator
April 22, 1839-February 13, 1843
Succeeded by
Asher Robbins
Legal offices
Preceded by
Newly created seat
Judge of the U.S. District Court for the District of Vermont
March 4, 1791 - January 1, 1793
Succeeded by
Samuel Hitchcock