National-Democratic Party (Poland)

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National-Democratic Party
Founded 1897
Dissolved 1919
Headquarters Warsaw, Poland
Ideology Republicanism
Polish nationalism
National Democracy
Political position Right-wing
Politics of Poland
Political parties
Elections

The National Democratic Party (Polish: Stronnictwo Demokratyczno-Narodowe,[1] SDN) was a secret political party created in 1897 in the Russian Partition of Poland by the National League (Liga Narodowa), a conspirational Polish organization active in all three partitions. SND rejected the idea of armed struggle for Poland's sovereignty similar to Polish Positivists. Instead, SDN focused on non-violent opposition and legislative attempts at trying to stop the wholesale Russification and Germanization of the Poles ever since the Polish language was banned in reprisal for the January Uprising.[2] This however meant also rejecting cooperation with the linguistic and ethnic minorities living in the Empire such as Jews and Ukrainians who did not reciprocate the same sentiment.[1][3] SDN was founded by Roman Dmowski, Jan Ludwik Popławski, and Zygmunt Balicki,[1] to represent the National Democracy movement at elections. It was a political opponent of the Polish Socialist Party advocating armed resistance.[4]

In 1919, when Poland regained independence, the National-Democratic Party was transformed into the Popular National Union. The latter, in turn, was in 1928 renamed Stronnictwo Narodowe (the National Party). Ideologically it promoted the Piast Concept, calling for a Polish-speaking Catholic Poland with little role for minorities.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c WIEM (2014). "Stronnictwo Demokratyczno-Narodowe". Popularna Encyklopedia Powszechna Wydawnictwa Fogra. Encyklopedia WIEM. Retrieved 19 August 2014. 
  2. ^ Norman Davies. "Rossiya" (Google books preview). God's Playground A History of Poland: Volume II: 1795 to the Present. (Oxford University Press). p. 64. Retrieved 19 August 2014. 
  3. ^ Janusz Bugajski (1995). Ethnic Politics in Eastern Europe: A Guide to Nationality Policies, Organizations, and Parties. M.E. Sharpe. pp. 464–. ISBN 978-0-7656-1911-2. 
  4. ^ Mieczysław B. Biskupski (2012). Independence Day: Myth, Symbol, and the Creation of Modern Poland. Oxford University Press. pp. 4, 95. ISBN 0199658811. 
  5. ^ Geoffrey A. Hosking and George Schöpflin (1997). Myths and Nationhood. Routledge. p. 152.