National Agrarian Party (Romania)

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The National Agrarian Party (Romanian: Partidul Național Agrar) was a right-wing agrarian political party active in Romania during the early 1930s.

The party emerged in 1932 following a split in the People's Party and in response to the conversion of its founder the poet Octavian Goga to anti-Semitism.[1] Goga had managed to convince much of the membership of General Alexandru Averescu's party to follow him into the new group.[2]

Under the Goga's leadership the National Agrarian Party espoused an authoritarian nationalist ideology.[3] It adopted "Christ! King! Fatherland!" as its slogan, a rallying cry already associated with Goga before the party's formation.[4]

In July 1935 the group merged with A. C. Cuza's National-Christian Defense League to form the National Christian Party, a hard-line Anti-Semitic group that sought to challenge the Iron Guard whilst remaining close to more mainstream conservative forces.[5] Pressure for this move had come from the office of Alfred Rosenberg in Nazi Germany, where a stronger anti-Semitic party in Romania was seen as desirable.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ William Brustein, Roots of Hate: Anti-Semitism in Europe Before the Holocaust, Cambridge University Press, 2003, p. 157
  2. ^ Keith Hitchins, Rumania: 1866-1947, Oxford University Press, 1994, pp. 403-4
  3. ^ Stanley G. Payne, A History of Fascism 1914-45, London: Routledge, 2001, p. 279
  4. ^ Richard S. Levy, Antisemitism: A Historical Encyclopedia of Prejudice and Persecution, Volume 2, ABC-CLIO, 2005, p. 279
  5. ^ Payne, A History of Fascism, p. 284
  6. ^ Levy, Antisemitism, p. 158