National Air Races
The National Air Races (also known as Pulitzer Trophy Races) were a series of pylon and cross-country races that took place in the United States from 1920 to 1949. The science of aviation, and the speed and reliability of aircraft and engines grew rapidly during this period; the National Air Races were both a proving ground and showcase for this.
In 1920 publisher Ralph Pulitzer sponsored the Pulitzer Trophy Race and the Pulitzer Speed Trophy for military airplanes at Roosevelt Field, Long Island, New York, in an effort to publicize aviation and his newspaper. The races eventually moved to Cleveland and then they were known as the Cleveland National Air Races. They drew the best flyers of the time, including James Doolittle, Wiley Post, Tex Rankin, Frank Hawks, Jimmy Wedell, Roscoe Turner, and others from the pioneer age of aviation. These air races helped to inspire Donald Blakeslee as a young boy. 
The races usually ran for up to 10 days, usually at the end of August. During World War II the races were on hiatus.
The races included a variety of events, including cross-country races that ended in Cleveland, landing contests, glider demonstrations, airship flights, and parachute-jumping contests. The most popular event was the Thompson Trophy Race, a closed-course race where aviators raced their planes around pylons, and the Bendix Trophy Race across most of the USA.
In 1929 California to Cleveland were the start and end for the first Women's Air Derby, which developed into the All Women's Transcontinental Air Race, nicknamed Powder Puff Derby, that featured well-known female pilots such as Amelia Earhart, Pancho Barnes, Bobbi Trout, and Louise Thaden. The 1929 winner was Louise Thaden.
When the races resumed after World War II, they featured newer surplus military planes that greatly outclassed the planes from the pre-war era. In 1949 Bill Odom lost control of his P-51 "Beguine" and crashed into a home, killing himself and two people inside. The races went on hiatus again.
National Air Races were run by U.S. Air Race, Inc. from 1995-2007. The company was founded by famed World Race Gold Medalist Marion P. Jayne and after her death from cancer in 1996, was run by her daughter Patricia Jayne (Pat) Keefer, 1994 World Race Gold Medalist. Under Keefer's leadership, the events tabulated a perfect safety record with nearly 600,000 miles raced, over 3,200 safe landings at 81 different airports in 43 states and two countries in 25 events. With the help of hundreds of volunteers and over 250 different sponsors she awarded 26 Learn-to-Fly scholarships and reached an estimated 20 million people with a positive message about General Aviation.
Locations and dates
- 1920 Roosevelt Field, New York on November 27
- 1921 Omaha, NE November 5
- 1922 Detroit, MI from October 12-14
- 1923 Robertson, MO (as the International Air Races) from October 6 to 8
- 1924 Dayton, OH from October 2 to 4
- 1925 Mitchel Field, L.I., NY from October 8 to 13
- 1926 Philadelphia, PA, from September 4-13
- 1927 Spokane, WA from September 19-25
- 1928 Los Angeles, CA from September 8-16
- 1929 Cleveland, OH from Aug. 24 to Sept. 2
- 1930 Chicago, IL from August 23 to September 01
- 1931 Cleveland, OH from August 29 to September 07
- 1932 Cleveland, OH from August 27 to September 05
- 1933 Los Angeles, CA from July 1-4
- 1934 Cleveland, OH from Aug. 31-Sept. 4
- 1935 Cleveland, OH from Aug. 30-Sept. 2
- 1936 Los Angeles, CA from Sept. 4-7
- 1937 Cleveland, OH from Sept. 3-7
- 1938 Cleveland, OH from Sept. 3-5
- 1939 Cleveland, OH from Sept. 2-5
- 1942 to 1945 Hiatus for WWII
- 1946 Cleveland, Ohio from August 30, 1946 to September 2, 1946
- 1947 Cleveland, OH from Aug. 30-Sept. 1
- 1948 Cleveland, OH from Sept. 4-6
- 1949 Cleveland, OH from Sept. 3-5
- 1950 to 1963 Hiatus after crash
- 1964 Resumption as National Championships in Reno, NV
- 1964 Indirect successor as the Cleveland National Air Show 
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Air Races.|
- Flight Centennial: National Air Race
- Pulitzer Trophy
- Movie of 1932 National Air Race, Cleveland, Ohio
- Society of Air Racing Historians site
- R.H.R Atcherly 1932 Cleveland Air Races Photographs, Special Collections and Archives, Wright State University
- Cleveland Air Races Collection, Special Collections and Archives, Wright State University