National Animal Identification and Tracing
National Animal Identification and Tracing (NAIT) is a scheme in New Zealand linking people, property and livestock.
Similar systems exist in other countries such as the National Animal Identification System in the United States, the British Cattle Movement Service and the National Livestock Identification System in Australia.
NAIT became mandatory for cattle on 1 July 2012 and for deer on 1 March 2013. Under the scheme animals are traced using NAIT approved radio frequency identification (RFID) tags. Once tagged, animals are registered in a national database. Details recorded include:
- the animal's location
- movements in the animal's life, and
- contact details for the person in charge of that animal.
This provides traceability for individual animals, to enhance New Zealand’s ability to respond quickly if there is a disease outbreak.
Approximately 80 percent of New Zealand’s beef and venison is exported each year and meat and dairy products constitute more than 62 percent of New Zealand's total agricultural exports.
NAIT’s shareholders are Dairy NZ, Beef + Lamb NZ and Deer Industry New Zealand.
On 1 July 2013 NAIT was merged with the Animal Health Board to become part of OSPRI New Zealand, a newly formed company bringing together existing expertise and providing creative operational solutions for New Zealand’s primary industries.