National Anthem of Uruguay

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Himno Nacional
English: National Anthem of Uruguay
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National anthem of  Uruguay
Lyrics Francisco Acuña de Figueroa, 1833
Music Francisco José Debali, 1845
Adopted 1848
Music sample
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The "National Anthem of Uruguay", also known by its first line "Orientales, la Patria o la Tumba", is the longest national anthem in terms of duration with 105 bars of music[1] (about six minutes).

The anthem's lyrics are by Francisco Acuña de Figueroa, who was also author of the lyrics to Paraguay's national anthem; "Paraguayos, República o Muerte". The lyrics were officially declared the national anthem on July 8, 1833, while the current musical composition was declared as the official by law on July 25 and 26, in 1848 .[2]

Music[edit]

The music was composed by Francisco José Debali with the collaboration of Fernando Quijano. It was first performed on July 19, 1845. The music was officially declared the national anthem on July 25, 1848.[3] Ninety years later (May 20, 1938) a new decree incorporated modifications by Gerardo Grasso and Benone Calcavecchia.[citation needed] Only the first two verses are sung. The theme of the anthem is supposedly taken from the Prologue of Donizetti's opera Lucrezia Borgia, while the elaboration of this theme is truly Debali's merit.[citation needed]

Lyrics[edit]

Complete original lyrics (in Spanish) Public performance lyrics Translated Short Version Translated Long Version
Orientales, la Patria o la Tumba!
Libertad o con gloria morir! (x2)
Es el voto que el alma pronuncia,
Y que heroicos sabremos cumplir! (x3)


Libertad, libertad Orientales!
Este grito a la Patria salvó.
Que a sus bravos en fieras batallas
De entusiasmo sublime inflamó.
De este don sacrosanto, la gloria
merecimos: tiranos temblad!
Libertad en la lid clamaremos,
Y muriendo, también libertad!
Dominado la Iberia dos mundos
Ostentaba su altivo poder,
Y a sus plantas cautivo yacía
El Oriente sin nombre ni ser:
Mas, repente sus hierros trozando
Ante el dogma que Mayo inspiró,
Entre libres, déspotas fieros,
Un abismo sin puente se vió.
Su trozada cadena por armas,
Por escudo su pecho en la lid,
De su arrojo soberbio temblaron
Los feudales campeones del Cid:
En los valles, montañas y selvas
Se acometen con muda altivez,
Retumbando con fiero estampido
Las cavernas y el cielo a la vez.
El estruendo que en torno resuena
De Atahualpa la tumba se abrió,
Y batiendo sañudo las palmas
Su esqueleto, venganza! gritó:
Los patriotas el eco grandioso
Se electrizan en fuego marcial,
Y en su enseña más vivo relumbra
De los Incas el Dios inmortal.
Largo tiempo, con varia fortuna,
Batallaron liberto, y señor,
Disputando la tierra sangrienta
Palmo a palmo con ciego furor.
La justicia, por último, vence
Domeñando las iras de un Rey;
Y ante el mundo la Patria indomable
Inaugura su enseña la ley.
Orientales, mirad la bandera,
De heroísmo fulgente crisol;
Nuestras lanzas defienden su brillo,
Nadie insulte la imagen del Sol!
De los fueros civiles el goce
Sostengamos; y el código fiel
Veneremos inmune y glorioso
Como el arca sagrada Israel.
Porque fuese más alta tu gloria,
Y brillacen tu precio y poder,
Tres diademas, oh Patria, se vieron
Tu dominio gozar, y perder.
Libertad, libertad adorada,
Mucho cuestas tesoro sin par!
Pero valen tus goces divinos
Esa sangre que riega tu altar
Si a los pueblos un bárbaro agita,
Removiendo su extinto furor,
Fratricida discordia evitemos,
Diez mil tumbas recuerdan su horror!
Tempestades el Cielo fulmina,
maldiciones desciendan sobre él,
Y los libres adoren triunfante
de las leyes el rico joyel.
De laureles ornada brillando
La Amazona soberbia del Sud,
En su escudo de bronce reflejan
Fortaleza, justicia y virtud.
Ni enemigos le humillan la frente,
Ni opresores le imponen el pie:
Que en angustias selló su constancia
Y en bautismo de sangre su fé.
Festejando la gloria, y el día
De la nueva República el Sol,
Con vislumbres de púrpura y oro,
Engalana su hermoso arrebol.
Del Olimpo la bóveda augusta
Resplandece, y un ser divinal
Con estrellas escribe en los cielos,
Dulce Patria, tu nombre inmortal.
De las leyes el Numen juremos
Igualdad, patriotismo y unión,
Inmolando en sus aras divinas
Ciegos odios, y negra ambición.
Y hallarán los que fieros insulten
La grandeza del Pueblo Oriental,
Si enemigos, la lanza de Marte
Si tiranos, de Bruto el puñal!
Orientales, la Patria o la Tumba,
Libertad o con gloria morir!
Es el voto que el alma pronuncia,
Y que heroicos sabremos cumplir!
Orientales la Patria o la Tumba!
Libertad o con gloria morir!
Orientales la Patria o la Tumba!
Libertad o con gloria morir!
Es el voto que el alma pronuncia,
Y que heroicos sabremos cumplir!
Es el voto que el alma pronuncia,
Y que heroicos sabremos cumplir!
Que sabremos cumplir!
Es el voto que el alma pronuncia,
Y que heroicos sabremos cumplir!
Que sabremos cumplir!
Sabremos cumplir!
Sabremos cumplir!
Sabremos cumplir!
Libertad, libertad Orientales!
Este grito à la Patria salvó.
Que a sus bravos en fieras batallas
De entusiasmo sublime inflamó.
Libertad, libertad Orientales!
Este grito à la Patria salvó.
Que a sus bravos en fieras batallas
De entusiasmo sublime inflamó.
De este don sacrosanto la gloria
Merecimos: tiranos temblad!
Tiranos temblad!
Tiranos temblad!
Libertad en la lid clamaremos,
Y muriendo, también libertad!
Libertad en la lid clamaremos,
Y muriendo, también libertad!
Y muriendo, también libertad!
También libertad!
También libertad!
Orientales la Patria o la Tumba!
Libertad o con gloria morir!
Orientales la Patria o la Tumba!
Libertad o con gloria morir!
Es el voto que el alma pronuncia,
Y que heroicos sabremos cumplir!
Es el voto que el alma pronuncia,
Y que heroicos sabremos cumplir!
Que sabremos cumplir!
Es el voto que el alma pronuncia,
Y que heroicos sabremos cumplir!
Que sabremos cumplir!
Sabremos cumplir!
Sabremos cumplir!
Sabremos cumplir!
Orientals, the Fatherland or the grave,
Liberty or with glory we die!
Orientals, the Fatherland or the grave,
Liberty or with glory we die!
It is the vow that the soul pronounces,
and which we, heroes, will fulfill!
It is the vow that the soul pronounces,
and which we, heroes, will fulfill.
Which we will fulfill!
It is the vow that the soul pronounces,
and which we, heroes, will fulfill.
Which we will fulfill!
We will fulfill!
We will fulfill!
We will fulfill!
Liberty, Liberty, Orientals!
This cry saved the fatherland
Which her brave warriors, in fierce battles
with sublime enthusiasm fill´d.
Liberty, Liberty, Orientals!
This cry saved the fatherland
Which her brave warriors, in fierce battles
with sublime enthusiasm fill'd.
This Holy gift of Glory we have deserved
Tyrants: Tremble !
Tyrants: Tremble !
Tyrants: Tremble ! Ah!
Liberty in combat we will Cry Out!
And even dying, Freedom we shall also Shout !
Liberty in combat we will Cry Out!
And even dying, Freedom we shall also Shout !
And even dying, Freedom we shall also Shout !
Freedom we shall also Shout !
Freedom we shall also Shout !
Orientals, our nation or the grave,
Liberty or with glory we die!
Orientals, our nation or the grave,
Liberty or with glory we die!
It’s the vow that the soul pronounces,
and which we, heroes, will fulfill.
It’s the vow that the soul pronounces,
and which we, heroes, will fulfill.
Which we will fulfill!
It’s the vow that the soul pronounces,
and which we, heroes, will fulfill.
Which we will fulfill!
We will fulfill!
We will fulfill!
We will fulfill!
Orientals, the Fatherland or the grave,
Liberty or with glory, we die!(2x)
Is the vote that the soul pronounces,
And in which, we heroes fulfill!(3x)


Freedom, Freedom, Orientals!
This cry saved the fatherland.
That his bravery in fierce battles
Of sublime enthusiasm enflamed.
This sacred gift, of glory
we've deserved: tyrants tremble!
Freedom in battle we'll cry,
And in dying, freedom we'll shout!
Iberia worlds dominated
He wore his haughty power,
And their captive plants lay
The East nameless be
But suddenly his irons chopping
Given the dogma that May inspired
Among free despots fierce
A bridge saw pit.
His billet chain guns,
On his chest shield in battle,
In his superb courage trembled
The feudal champions of the Cid
In the valleys, mountains and jungles
Are undertaken with silent pride,
With fierce rumbling roar
The caves and the sky at once.
The roar that echoes around
Atahualpa the tomb was opened,
And vicious beating palms
Her skeleton, revenge! shouted
Patriots to the echo
It electrified in martial fire,
And in his teaching more lively shines
Of the Incas the immortal God.
Long, with various fortunes,
The freedman battled, and Lord,
Disputing the bloody earth
Inch by inch with blind fury.
Justice finally overcomes
Tamed the wrath of a king;
And to the world the indomitable Homeland
Inaugurates teaches law.
Orientals, look at the flag,
Glittering pot of heroism;
Our spears defend their brightness,
No one insults the image of the sun!
In the civil jurisdiction the enjoyment
Sustain and faithful Code
Immune and glorious venerate
Israel as the holy ark.
For your glory to be higher,
And Shine your price and power,
Three crowns, oh Fatherland, were
Your domain enjoy, and lose.
Freedom, freedom adored
Much treasure unparalleled slopes!
But they are worth your joys divine
That blood that irrigates your altar
If a barbarian people agitated,
Removing his late fury
Avoid fratricidal strife,
Ten thousand tombs recall the horror!
Heaven thunders storms,
curses upon him,
And the triumphant worship free
the law to rich jewel.
Shining adorned with laurels
The pride of the South Amazon,
In his bronze shield reflect
Fortaleza, justice and virtue.
Enemies will not humiliate the front
Neither foot oppressors imposed
That sealed his record troubles
And baptism of blood in their faith.
Celebrating the glory and the day
Of the sun of this new republic
With glimpses of purple and gold,
Decks your beautiful glow.
The August dome of Olympus
Shines, and a divine being
With stars in the heavens writes,
Sweet Fatherland, your name immortal.
The law to swear to Numen
Equality, patriotism and unity,
Sacrificing their divine order
Blind hatred, and black ambition.
And find that insulting fierce
The greatness of the Eastern People,
For the enemies, the spear of Mars,
For the tyrants the dagger of Brutus!
Orientals, the Fatherland or the grave,
Liberty or with glory, we die! (2x)
Is the vote that the soul pronounces,
And in which, we heroes fulfill! (3x)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Facts About National Anthems National Anthems of the World
  2. ^ History about the Anthem of Uruguay Embassy of Uruguay in Argentina
  3. ^ "Uruguay - Himno Nacional de Uruguay". NationalAnthems.me. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]