National Archives of the Philippines
|Sinupang Pambansa ng Pilipinas|
|Formed||May 21, 2007|
|Preceding Agency||Records Management and Archives Office|
|Headquarters||National Library of the Philippines, Manila, Philippines
|Annual budget||₱85,146,000 (2012)|
|Agency executive||Victorino Manalo, Director|
|Key document||Republic Act 9470|
The National Archives of the Philippines (Filipino: Sinupang Pambansa ng Pilipinas, Spanish: Archivo Nacional de Filipinas and abbreviated NAP) is an agency of the Republic of the Philippines mandated to collect, store, preserve and make available, archival records of the Government and other primary sources pertaining to the history and development of the Country. It is the primary records management agency, tasked to formulate and implement the records schedule and vital records protection programs for the government. The Archives as it is organized today was a result of the passage of Republic Act 9470 in 2007, but its roots can be traced back to at least the 19th Century when the Spanish colonial government in the Philippines established its Division of Archives.
The nucleus of the institution was the Division of Archives, set up by the Spanish Colonial Government. In 1898, Spain ceded control of the Philippines to the United States of America through the Treaty of Paris. The ratification of the treaty paved way for the relinquishment of Philippine records in the Islands and in Spain to the new American government. Since then, the Archives was placed under the control of various government agencies, including the Department of Education, the Executive Branch and the Department of Interior. It was elevated to an office in 1972, with the establishment of the Records Management and Archives Office (RMAO), which was placed under the General Administrative Administration. Since 1998, it is placed under the National Commission for Culture and the Arts for purposes of policy coordination.
In 2004, then Director Ricardo Manapat was accused of forging documents to support a disqualification case against Presidential candidate Fernando Poe, Jr. Three staff members of the Archives testified in a Senate inquiry that the Director had ordered them to fabricate a birth certificate to indicate that Poe was not a natural-born Filipino citizen. Manapat was cleared of the charges by the Sandiganbayan in 2005, but he already went on leave shortly before the Senate investigation started a year earlier. On May 21, 2007, more than a century since its establishment, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed Republic Act 9470 that defined the various functions of the agency and formally renames it to become the country's National Archives.
Organization and Services
The National Archives conducts the National Inventory of Records and Archives and maintains the General Records Schedule of the Government. Aside from its Records Management and Reference Services, it provides Technical Assistance and Continuing Education services to the general public. The Archives is headed by an Executive Director, informally called the National Archivist of the Philippines. The current Director is Victorino Manalo, appointed by President Benigno Aquino in 2012.
- Office of the Executive Director
- Office of the Deputy Executive Director
- Finance and Administrative Division
- Archives Preservation Division
- Archives Collection and Access Division
- Records Center Division
- Records Management Services Division
- Training and Information Division
In the Archive's holdings are 13 million Spanish-era documents and another 60 million cataloged public documents. The holdings is divided into two major collections:
- Spanish Period Collection (1552-1900)
- American and Republic Period Collection (1900–Present)
- Government Agencies
- Civil Records
- Notarial Documents
- Japanese War Crime Records
- Cattle Brands
Aside from the records of defunct government agencies, the National Archives also houses the records of colleges and universities closed by the Commission on Higher Education. Notably, the Archives does not keep a large portion of the Katipunan records, including the Philippine Declaration of Independence, which are currently kept by the National Library of the Philippines in its Philippine Insurgency Records collection.
- "Republic Act No. 9470: National Archives of the Philippines Act of 2007". Retrieved 27 September 2012.
- "Profile: National Archives of the Philippines". Retrieved 27 September 2012.