National Art Museum of Ukraine
|The National Art Museum of Ukraine|
|Location||6 Grushevskogo St. Kiev, Ukraine|
Constructed in 1898, by architect Vladislav Gorodetsky, the building was originally designed as the museum for the local society of patrons of arts and antique lovers. The facade of the building conveys a classic architecture form - precise reproduction of a six-column porch of Doric order with entablature, triglyphs, metopes and frieze decoration depicting the Triumph of Arts. The architectural composition featuring figures of gryphons and large concrete lions at the top of the stairs were created by an Italian sculptor, Emilio Sala.
Originally called the Kiev City Museum of Antiques and Art, the founders set out to put together a collection of pieces representative of Ukrainian fine art. Ranging from medieval icons to portraits of military and church leaders during Cossack times, some depicting caricatures of Mamay. Present time famous artist works included those of Taras Shevchenko, Ilya Yefimovich Repin, Vladimir Borovikovsky, Vasily Andreevich Tropinin, Mykola Pimonenko, Mikhail Vrubel, Nikolai Ge, and Oleksandr Murashko among many others.
After World War II the museum changed its name and its focus back to art. The collection began to grow, with Ukrainian art coming from all areas of Ukraine, and from places like Galicia. The directors obtained Ukrainian art from Moscow and St. Petersburg, as well as from Ukrainian artists living abroad in Europe and America. However, during Joseph Stalin's repression, this activity ceased, and a large part of the collection was dispersed and hidden.
After Ukrainian independence, the museum reached the status of a major international institution. For the first time, its collections traveled outside of the country and were exhibited in The Netherlands, Canada, France, Denmark, and Croatia.
Today, the museum continues to expand its collection. Some new additions include a unique icon relief of St. George and works by the international Kiev born pioneer of Geometric abstract art Kazimir Malevich.
The current exhibition includes over 20 thousand pieces. Among many are works by a now world renown constructivist Vasiliy Yermilov, and Cubo-Futurist Alexander Bogomazov. The Ukrainian side is represented by works of famous Ukrainian and Russian artists such as David Burliuk, Aleksandra Ekster, Vadim Meller, Kliment Red'ko, Solomon Nikritin, Victor Palmov, Maria Sinyakova, Mikhail Boichuk, Mykola Pymonenko, Ilya Shtilman and many others.
Aleksandra Ekster, Three women's figures. 1909-1910. Oil on canvas.
Mykola Pymonenko, Harvester, 1889, Oil on canvas
Serhiy Vasylkivsky, Cossacks in the steppe, Oil on canvas. 1900s.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Art Museum of Ukraine.|
- Kyiv Sightseeing Guide (2001) ISBN 966-7022-29-3.
- Kiev Tourbook (1900) Google Books
- National Art Museum of Ukraine at the Museum World of Ukraine. (Russian), (Ukrainian)
- National Art Museum of Ukraine, at Museums of Ukraine (Russian)
- Oleg Pasichny National Art Museum of Ukraine, Welcome to Ukraine (quarterly).
- Mykola Skyba, "The classical Ukrainian art: new format (reload)", Zerkalo Nedeli (The Mirror Weekly), August 19–25, 2006, (Russian), (Ukrainian).
- Національний художній музей України: Альбом/ Уклад., авт. ст.: Т.Рязанова, Л.Членова, О.Жбанкова та ін.- К.: Артанія Нова, 2003.- 416 с. ISBN 966-96256-1-0