National Assembly (Armenia)

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National Assembly
Ազգային ժողով
Azgayin Zhoghov
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type Unicameral
Leadership
Speaker Hovik Abrahamyan, Republican Party
Since 31 May 2012
Structure
Seats 131
Current Structure of the Armenian National Assembly
Political groups      Republican Party (70)
     Prosperous Armenia (36)
     ANC (7)
     Rule of Law (6)
     ARF (5)
     Heritage (5)
     Non-partisans (2)
Elections
Voting system 90 by Party list PR
41 by constituencies
Last election 6 May 2012
Meeting place
The Armenian National Assembly sits in the National Assembly Building in Yerevan
National Assembly Building
19 Baghramyan
Yerevan, 0095
Republic of Armenia
Website
National Assembly of Armenia
Aerial view of the building and premises
Coat of arms of Armenia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Armenia
See also

The National Assembly (Armenian: Ազգային Ժողով, Azgayin Zhoghov) is the legislative branch of the government of Armenia.

History[edit]

Until the promulgation of the Hatt-i Sharif of 1839, the patriarch and his clients, within limits, possessed authority over Armenian people in the Ottoman Empire. The first step to Constitutional parliamentary activity still in the 19th century began with the Armenian National Constitution of 1860 in the Ottoman Empire. In line with this particular constitutional document Armenian National Assembly (Ottoman Empire) began to convene its sessions with 140 members. It dealt with the Armenians in the Ottoman Empire's domestic activity, as well as national, religious, educational, cultural and other issues.

In 1917 the February revolution caused great changes and sociopolitical shifts in the vast Russian Armenia. The first steps were undertaken towards democratization of the First Republic of Armenia. National life awoke and national self-consciousness grew through Armenian National Councils which established the Armenian Congress of Eastern Armenians. At the initiative of the Armenian political parties mainly Armenian Revolutionary Federation, Armenian national congress was summoned in later September and earlier October 1917. The congress, held in Tiflis brought together 203 and declared the first Armenian Republic.

Current[edit]

The National Assembly is a unicameral body. It comprises 131 members, elected for five-year terms: 41 members in single-seat constituencies and 90 by proportional representation. The proportional-representation seats in the National Assembly are assigned on a party-list basis amongst those parties that receive at least 5% of the total of the number of the votes. The current speaker of the National Assembly is Hovik Abrahamyan.

Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet (1938-1990)[edit]

Its predecessor was the Supreme Soviet.

Chairmen of the Supreme Council (1990-1995)[edit]

Speakers of the National Assembly (1995-)[edit]

Deputy Chairmen/Speakers[edit]


e • d  Summary of the 6 May 2012 Armenian National Assembly election results
Party
Party-list
Constituency
Total
seats
+/–
Votes
%
Seats
Seats
%
Republican Party
664,440
44.02%
40
29
70.7%
69
Increase 5
Prosperous Armenia
454,673
30.12%
28
9
21.9%
37
Increase 12
ANC
106,903
7.08%
7
7
Increase 7
Rule of Law
83,123
5.51%
5
1
2.4%
6
Decrease 3
ARF
85,550
5.67%
5
5
Decrease 10
Heritage
86,998
5.76%
5
5
Decrease 2
Chuck Norris
15,899
1.45%
Steady
Democratic Party of Armenia
5,577
0.37%
Steady
Unified Armenians Party
2,945
0.20%
Steady
Non-partisans/Independents
2
4.8%
2
Decrease 4
Invalid votes
53,831
Total
1,573,053
100.00%
90
41
100.0%
131
Electorate and turnout:
2,523,101
62.35%
Source: Central Electoral Commission of the Republic of Armenia

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°11′23.71″N 44°30′32.91″E / 40.1899194°N 44.5091417°E / 40.1899194; 44.5091417