National Assembly (Burundi)

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National Assembly
Assemblée nationale
Coat of arms of Burundi.svg
Type
Type
Seats 100 members
Elections
Party list proportional representation
Meeting place
Bujumbura
Website
www.assemblee.bi
Coat of arms of Burundi.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Burundi

The National Assembly is the lower chamber of Parliament in Burundi. It consists of 100 directly elected members (or deputies) and between 18 to 21 co-opted members who serve five-year terms.

Deputies are elected in 17 multi-member constituencies using a party-list proportional representation system in accordance with the d'Hondt method. Political parties and lists of independent candidates must receive over 2% of the vote nationally to gain representation in the National Assembly.

As a country that has been devastated by civil war and persistent ethnic violence since its independence in 1962, Burundi's new constitution (approved in a February 2005 referendum) requires that 60% of the deputies be from the Hutu ethnic group, while the remaining 40% come from the Tutsi ethnic group. In addition, three co-opted members represent the Twa ethnic group. Women must occupy at least 30% of the seats in the National Assembly.

Elections to the National Assembly took place on 4 July 2004. The National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Defense of Democracy (CNDD-FDD) won 59 of the 100 seats filled through direct election. The Front for Democracy in Burundi (FRODEBU), who won a majority of seats in the previous election held in 1993, won 25 seats. The Union for National Progress (UPRONA) won 10, while the National Council for the Defense of Democracy (CNDD), a breakaway faction of the CNDD-FDD, won 4. The small, predominantly Tutsi Movement for the Rehabilitation of Citizens-Rurenzangemero (MRC-Rurenzangemero), won the remaining 2 seats. An additional 18 members were co-opted to meet the required ethnic and gender quotas.

Immaculée Nahayo, an ethnic Hutu member of the CNDD-FDD, was elected president of the National Assembly on 16 August 2005.

On 19 August 2005, the National Assembly and Senate Assembly (acting as an Electoral College) elected Pierre Nkurunziza president of the republic. He took office on 26 August 2005.

National Assembly Seat Distribution[edit]

e • d Summary of the 4 July 2005 National Assembly of Burundi election results
Parties Votes % Elected
seats
Coopted
seats
Total
seats
National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Defense of Democracy (Conseil National Pour la Défense de la Démocratie–Forces pour la Défense de la Démocratie, CNDD-FDD) 1,417,800 58.55 59 5 64
Front for Democracy in Burundi (Front pour la Démocratie au Burundi, FRODEBU) 525,336 21.70 25 5 30
Union for National Progress (Union pour le Progrès national, UPRONA) 174,575 7.21 10 5 15
National Council for the Defense of Democracy (Conseil National Pour la Défense de la Démocratie, CNDD) 100,366 4.14 4 - 4
Movement for the Rehabilitation of Citizens-Rurenzangemero (Mouvement pour la Réhabilitation du Citoyen-Rurenzangemero, MRC) 51,730 2.14 2 - 2
Party for National Recovery (Parti pour le redressement national, PARENA) 42,223 1.74 - - -
Others & Independents 109,396 4.51 - - -
Ethnic Twa Members - - - 3 3
Total (Voter Turnout: 77.2%) 2,421,426 100.0 100 18 118
Invalid/Blank Votes 24,575  
Total Votes 2,446,001
Registered Voters 3,167,124
Source: African Elections Database

Seats Won by Province[edit]

Province Party Ethnic Twa
Members
Total Seats
CNDD-FDD FRODEBU UPRONA CNDD MRC
Bubanza 3 1 1 - - - 5
Bujumbura Mairie 3 3 1 - 1 1 9
Bujumbura Rural 3 5 1 - - - 9
Bururi 1 3 1 3 - - 8
Cankuzo 2 1 1 - - - 4
Cibitoke 4 2 - - - 1 7
Gitega 8 2 1 - - - 11
Karuzi 5 1 - - - - 6
Kayanza 5 1 1 - - - 7
Kirundo 4 3 1 - - - 8
Makamba 3 1 1 1 - - 6
Muramvya 3 - 1 - - - 4
Muyinga 5 3 1 - - - 9
Mwaro 1 1 1 - 1 1 5
Ngozi 7 1 1 - - - 9
Rutana 3 1 1 - - - 5
Ruyigi 4 1 1 - - - 6
Total Seats 64 30 15 4 2 3 118

See also[edit]

External links[edit]