National Assembly (Cape Verde)

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National Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
President
Basílio Mosso Ramos, PAICV
since 11 March 2011
Structure
Seats 72
National Assembly of Cape Verde chart.svg
Political groups

Government

Opposition

  •      MPD (30)
  •      UCID (2)
Elections
Party-list proportional representation
D'Hondt method
Last election
6 February 2011
Meeting place
National Assembly Building
Praia, Cape Verde
Website
http://www.parlamento.cv/
Coat of arms of Cape Verde.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Cape Verde

The unicameral National Assembly (Portuguese: Assembleia Nacional) is the legislative body of the Republic of Cape Verde.

History[edit]

National People's Assembly (1975-1991)[edit]

The country's first legislative election took place in June 1975. The body was known as the National People's Assembly and its members came from the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC), which was the sole political party allowed to field candidates. They elected PAIGC Secretary-general Aristides Pereira President on 5 July 1975, when the country officially gained independence from Portugal.

Single-party elections were again held on 7 December 1980 with Pereira being re-elected unopposed by the Assembly on 12 February 1981. That same year the Cape Verdean branch of the PAIGC, which was also the ruling party in Guinea-Bissau, was renamed African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde (PAICV).

Elections for an enlarged 83-seat National People's Assembly took place on 7 December 1985. For the first time a few independent, PAICV-endorsed candidates won seats in the legislature.

In 1990, Cape Verde became one of the first African countries to abandon single-party rule and embrace multiparty democracy.

National Assembly (1991-Present)[edit]

The first multiparty National Assembly elections took place on 13 January 1991. The ruling PAICV was soundly defeated by the opposition Movement for Democracy (MPD), which won 56 out of 79 seats compared to the PAICV's 23. The elections were considered transparent, free, and fair.

In the next election, held on 17 December 1995, the number of Assembly seats was reduced from 79 to 72. The MPD won 50 seats and the PAICV won 21. The Democratic Convergence Party (PCD) won the remaining seat.

After the elections on 14 January 2001, the Assembly has a total of 72 directly elected members who serve five-year terms. They are elected from 16 multi-member constituencies using the D'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Four parties and one coalition contested the election. They were the PAICV, MPD, Democratic Renewal Party (PRD), and the Social Democratic Party (PSD). Three parties - the Democratic Convergence Party (PCD), Democratic and Independent Cape Verdean Union (UCID), and the Labour and Solidarity Party (PTS) - formed a coalition known as the Democratic Alliance for Change (ADM). The election results are as follows:

PAICV - 49.50% of the vote and 40 seats
MPD - 40.55% of the vote and 30 seats
ADM - 6.12% of the vote and 2 seats
PRD - 3.38% of the vote and no seats
PSD - 0.45% of the vote and no seats

Eight women won seats in the National Assembly.

The current National Assembly[edit]

e • d Summary of the 22 January 2006 National Assembly of Cape Verde election results
Parties Votes % Seats
African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde (Partido Africano da Independência de Cabo Verde) 88,965 52.28 41
Movement for Democracy (Movimento para a Democracia) 74,909 44.02 29
Democratic and Independent Cape Verdean Union (União Caboverdiana Independente e Democrática) 4,495 2.64 2
Democratic Renewal Party (Partido da Renovação Democrática) 1,097 0.64 -
Social Democratic Party (Partido Social Democrático) 702 0.41 -
Total (turnout 54.0%) 170,168 100.00 72
Source: National Electoral Commission.

Presidents of the National Assembly[edit]

Name Entered Office Left Office
Abilio Duarte 1975 1991
Amilcar Spencer Lopes 1991 1996
António do Espírito Santo Fonseca 1996 2001
Aristides Raimundo Lima 13 February 2001 February 2011
Basílio Mosso Ramos 11 March 2011 Present

See also[edit]

External links[edit]