National Assessment and Accreditation Council
|National Assessment and Accreditation Council|
|राष्ट्रीय मूल्यांकन एवं प्रत्यायन परिषद|
|Jurisdiction||Government of India (Union Government)|
|Agency executives||Prof. A.N. Rai, Director
Dr. Latha Pillai, Adviser
The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) is an organization that assesses and accredits institutions of higher education in India. It is an autonomous body funded by University Grants Commission of Government of India headquartered in Bangalore.
NAAC was established in 1994 in response to recommendations of National Policy in Education (1986). This policy was to "address the issues of deterioration in quality of education", and the Plan of Action (POA-1992) laid out strategic plans for the policies including the establishment of an independent national accreditation body. Consequently, the NAAC was established in 1994 with its headquarters at Bangalore.
Under the new methodology introduced by NAAC w.e.f. 1st April, 2007, the higher education institutions are assessed and accredited by a two-step approach. In the first step, the institution is required to seek ‘Institutional Eligibility for Quality Assessment (IEQA)’ and the second step is the assessment and accreditation of the institute under the grades ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’ for accredited institutions, and ‘D’ for those not accredited. NAAC identifies seven criteria: i. Curricular aspects, ii. Teaching-learning and evaluation, iii. Research, Consultancy and extension, iv. Infrastructure and learning resources, v. Student support and progression, vi. Governance and leadership and vii. Innovative practices as the basis for its assessment procedure. NAAC follows the process of Grade accreditation only and does not undertake threshold accreditation, i.e the Grade is only a relative value assigned to a university and does not denote an absolute attribute of quality.
Status of Accredited Universities
At present in India, accreditation is voluntary for Higher Education Institutions.Out of 612 Universities in the country, only 172 of them have been accredited by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC). Out of the Universities accredited, 67 have been placed in Grade A, 99 Universities in Grade B and only 6 in Grade C, based on scores awarded during the process of accreditation. A bill - National Accreditation Regulatory Authority for Higher Educational Institutions Bill, 2010 has been introduced in Parliament of India to make it mandatory for every higher educational institution in the country (other than institutions engaged in agricultural education) to be accredited by an independent accreditation agency.
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- "Higher Education in India". Government of India Ministry of Human Resource Development Department of Higher Education. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18.
- National Assessment And Accreditation Council (Naac) |. Mhrd.gov.in. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
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- PRS | Bill Track | The National Accreditation Regulatory Authority for Higher Educational Institutions Bill, 2010. Prsindia.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.