National Association for the Promotion of Social Science
The National Association for the Promotion of Social Science (NAPSS), often known as the Social Science Association, was a British reformist group founded in 1857 by Lord Brougham. It pursued issues in public health, industrial relations, penal reform, and female education. It was in existence for about 30 years, and was dissolved in 1886.
The efforts of George Hastings brought together three groups of the 1850s to form the NAPSS: the Society for Promoting the Amendment of the Law, the National Reformatory Union, and the Society for Promoting the Employment of Women (the Langham Place Group). It took as model the British Association for the Advancement of Science, holding an itinerant annual meeting, which provided a forum for social reformers.
The objectives of the Association was defined as "to coordinate the efforts of the experts and the politicians". One factor in the eventual decline of the NSPSS was that the objectives of medical reformers changed. Legislation and the efforts of central government to improve public health became less important to them.
Its first secretary was Isa Knox.
Twenty-eight Social Science Congresses took place:
|1858||Liverpool||Lord John Russell|
|1859||Bradford||Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury|
|1866||Manchester||Earl of Shaftesbury|
|1867||Belfast||Lord Dufferin and Clandeboye|
|1868||Birmingham||Henry Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon|
|1869||Bristol||Sir Stafford Northcote|
|1870||Newcastle||Algernon Percy, 6th Duke of Northumberland|
|1871||Leeds||Sir John Pakington|
|1872||Plymouth||Francis Napier, 10th Lord Napier|
|1875||Brighton||Henry Austin Bruce, 1st Baron Aberdare|
|1876||Liverpool||Charles Gordon, 11th Marquess of Huntly|
|1877||Aberdeen||Earl of Aberdeen|
|1878||Cheltenham||Charles Bowyer Adderley, 1st Baron Norton|
|1883||Huddersfield||Sir Richard Temple|
Trades Societies and Strikes
A committee of the Association produced Report on Trade Societies and Strikes (1860). This report was highly regarded: the Webbs later called it "the best collection of Trade Union material and the most impartial account of Trade Union action that has ever been issued". There were contributions by three Christian Socialists (Thomas Hughes, John Malcolm Forbes Ludlow, and F. D. Maurice). Hughes was one of two secretaries to the committee (with P. M. Rathbone). The committee included the Liberal politicians William Edward Forster, and Sir James Kay-Shuttleworth, 1st Baronet. There was one trade unionist as member, Thomas Joseph Dunning.
The Association's Quarantine Committee was set up in 1858. Its report was published officially by Parliament.
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