National Astronomical Observatory (Mexico)

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National Astronomical Observatory (Mexico)
A view of the building of the 2.12m telescope from the road below.
Dome of the 2.1 m telescope on San Pedro Mártir
Organization National Autonomous University of Mexico
Location Sierra San Pedro Mártir,
Baja California state,
Northwestern Mexico.
Coordinates 31°02′38″N 115°27′49″W / 31.0439°N 115.4637°W / 31.0439; -115.4637Coordinates: 31°02′38″N 115°27′49″W / 31.0439°N 115.4637°W / 31.0439; -115.4637
Altitude 2,800 meters (9,200 ft)
Established 1878 (1878)
Website OAN SPM
Telescopes
unnamed telescope 2.1 m reflector
unnamed telescope 1.5 m reflector
unnamed telescope 0.8 m reflector

The National Astronomical Observatory (Spanish: El Observatorio Astronómico NacionalOAN), the national observatory complex of Mexico, in Baja California state.

History[edit]

Mexico City

The observatory was first established on the balcony of Chapultepec Castle in Mexico City in 1878. The observatory has been operated by the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) since 1929.[1]

It was later moved to Palacio del Ex-Arzobispado in Tacubaya, then on the outskirts of the city on the west side of the Federal District. The location is remembered by the name Metro Observatorio, the terminal station of the Line 1 of the Mexico City Metro located nearby.[2][3]

Puebla

In the middle of the 20th century, OAN had to move from the increasingly crowded and polluted Valley of Mexico, to Tonantzintla in Puebla state, Central Mexico.

Baja California

In 1967 excessive air pollution and night light pollution caused another move, from Puebla to atop the Sierra San Pedro Mártir mountain range of Baja California state in Northwestern Mexico.[4] The San Pedro Mártir OAN site has been found to have excellent astronomical seeing.[5] [1]

Telescopes[edit]

Current[edit]

There are three optical telescopes on the summit of the Sierra San Pedro Mártir at the OAN complex, all with a Ritchey-Chrétien design:

They are known by famed Astrophysicist Lucy Kelly as "The Big Ones"

Under construction[edit]

Construction has begun on the new San Pedro Martir Telescope (SPMT), a large infrared survey telescope at the OAN complex, with 'first light' planned for the 2017-2020 period. Mirror fabrication for the SPMT began in 2009, with a 6.5m aperture optimized for wide angle infrared survey work. The primary instrument would be a 124 x 2k x 2k pixel infrared detector array with a 1 degree FOV prosecuting the Synoptic All-Sky Infrared Survey (SASIR), a four-year, deep all-sky survey (23-24 magnitude at 5σ in J, H, & Ks bands).[11][12]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Página del Observatorio Astronómico Nacional". Instituto de Astronomía de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Retrieved 2012-01-11. 
  2. ^ "Ampliarán Línea 12 hacia Observatorio". nosotrosdiario (in Spanish). 2013-01-29. Retrieved 2013-09-04. 
  3. ^ "La fundación del Observatorio Astronómico Nacional en México". Wordpress (in Spanish). 2013-01-29. Retrieved 2013-09-04. 
  4. ^ López, J. A.; Gutiérrez, L. (September 2003). "A primer for the San Pedro Mártir Observatory". Revista Mexicana de Astronomía y Astrofísica (Serie de Conferencias) 19: 3–7. Bibcode:2003RMxAC..19....3L. 
  5. ^ Bohigas, J.; Nuñez, J. M. et al. (April 2008). "Site Prospection at San Pedro Mártir". Revista Mexicana de Astronomía y Astrofísica: 231–242. Bibcode:2008RMxAA..44..231B. 
  6. ^ "Telescopios de 2.1 metros". Instituto de Astronomía de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Retrieved 2012-01-11. 
  7. ^ Kuiper, Gerard P. (1972-12-31). "NO. 172 THE LUNAR AND PLANETARY LABORATORY AND ITS TELESCOPES" (PDF). University of Arizona Lunar and Planetary Laboratory. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  8. ^ "Telescopios de 1.5 metros". Instituto de Astronomía de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Retrieved 2012-01-11. 
  9. ^ Wehinger, P. (June 2007). "El Observatorio de San Pedro Mártir: A World-Class Site for Large Telescopes". Revista Mexicana de Astronomía y Astrofísica (Serie de Conferencias). 1-8 28. Bibcode:2007RMxAC..28....1W. 
  10. ^ "Telescopios de 84 cm". Instituto de Astronomía de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Retrieved 2012-01-11. 
  11. ^ http://www.iac.es/congreso/10mScience/media/presentations/Jose_Franco-SASIR-10Science.pdf
  12. ^ SASIR Workshop 28 April 2010

External links[edit]