National Flag Anthem

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中華民國國旗歌
English: National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China
Zhōnghuá Míngúo Gúoqígē
National Banner Song sheet music.png
The Sheet of National Flag Anthem

National anthem of  Republic of China (Rising and lowering the Flag)
 Chinese Taipei (Sport games)

Lyrics Disputed (see below (usually attributed to Tai Chi-tao), 1937
Music Huang Tzu (pinyin: Huáng Zì), 1936
Adopted 1937
Music sample
The National Flag Song is played during the raising and lowering of the ROC flag, such as at this daily ceremony in front of the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall (here, the flag is lowered by the honor guards of the ROCN).

The "National Flag Anthem" (official name, also known as the "National Banner Song" unofficially) (Chinese: 國旗歌; pinyin: gúoqí gē) of the Republic of China (Taiwan) is played during the raising and lowering of the Flag of the Republic of China. This song is also played at international sporting events such as the Olympic Games, where the ROC team plays as "Chinese Taipei".

Origin[edit]

After the Kuomintang Anthem became the de facto National Anthem of the Republic of China in 1930, the Ministry of Education had invited submissions for a new official national anthem. The music composed by Huang Tzu was eventually chosen in 1936, but the Nationalist Government refused to adopt it as the national anthem. As a compromise, the National Anthem remained unchanged, while Huang Tzu's music was adopted as the National Flag Anthem, with lyrics written in Classical Chinese by Tai Chi-tao, who had also contributed to the lyrics of the National Anthem.[1]

Use[edit]

Since 1983, the song (officially with different lyrics) was used at Olympic competitions instead of the National Anthem due to pressure from the Chinese Olympic Committee and the International Olympic Committee. This also changed the symbols used by Taiwan during the Olympics and their name officially changed to "Chinese Taipei."[2] During the 2004 Summer Olympics, Chinese Taipei won its first gold medals, and the Banner Song was played at the ceremonial raising of the flag of the gold medal team. When introduced, the song is officially called the "National Anthem of Chinese Taipei."[3] However, in the 16th Asian Games held in Guangzhou, the song was introduced as the "Anthem of the Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee" (中華臺北奧會會歌). With new lyrics written by Zhang Bide (張彼德)[4][5] In schools in Taiwan, every morning the National Anthem and the National Flag Anthem are played before classes at an outdoor ceremony. The national anthem is sung while the flag is being held before raising and the National Flag Anthem is played when the National Flag is raised.[6]

Lyrics[edit]

Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese

山川壯麗、物產豐隆;炎黃世冑,東亞稱雄。
毋自暴自棄、毋故步自封,光我民族,促進大同。
創業維艱,緬懷諸先烈;守成不易,莫徒務近功。
同心同德,貫徹始終,青天白日滿地紅。
同心同德,貫徹始終,青天白日滿地紅!

山川壮丽、物产丰隆;炎黄世胄,东亚称雄。
毋自暴自弃、毋故步自封,光我民族,促进大同。
创业维艰,缅怀诸先烈;守成不易,莫徒务近功。
同心同德,贯彻始终,青天白日满地红。
同心同德,贯彻始终,青天白日满地红!

Hanyu Pinyin

Shānchuān zhuànglì, wùchǎn fēng lóng; yánhuáng shì zhòu, dōngyà chēngxióng.
Wú zìbàozìqì, wú gùbùzìfēng, guāng wǒ mínzú, cùjìn dàtóng.
Chuàngyè wéi jiān, miǎnhuái zhū xiānliè; shǒuchéng bùyì, mò tú wù jìn gōng.
Tóngxīn tóng dé, guànchè shǐzhōng, qīngtiānbáirì mǎn dì hóng.
Tóngxīn tóng dé, guànchè shǐzhōng, qīngtiānbáirì mǎn dì hóng!

English translation

Magnificent mountains and rivers, (with) bountiful and diverse goods;
Descendants of Yan and Huang, to be the heroes of East Asia.
Never abandon in desperation, nor being complacent with achievement,
Glorify our nation and work promoting Great Unity.
Pioneering work was full of hardships and (we should) commemorate those founders and martyrs,
Maintaining (their heritage) is not easy and never seek only for instant benefit.
With one heart and one soul, carrying (these virtues) from beginning to end,
Blue Sky, White Sun, and a Wholly Red Earth!
(repeat last two lines)

Dispute of the author of lyrics[edit]

According to Liu Yiling from National Library of the Republic of China, there is a dispute about the author of lyrics. Some earlier publications was printed as the lyrics was an anonymous work.[7] Later publications attributed it to Tai Chi-tao, who also wrote a song with the title "National Flag Anthem" in 1928 but it was totally different from the current version. Liang Desuo with his work published in 1929 with the title "Blue Sky, White Sun, and a Wholly Red Earth." is said to be the author as his work much resembles the current lyrics.[7]


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External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ming Pao Monthly, No.289, P.87
  2. ^ 國旗歌歌詞遭篡改 蒙蔽26年? (in Chinese). 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2009-01-08. [dead link]
  3. ^ "NOC Biography - Chinese Taipei". The Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad. 2008-08-25. Retrieved 2009-01-08. 
  4. ^ 劉進枰 (2007). "1981年奧會模式簽訂之始末" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  5. ^ "Chinese Taipei wins Soft tennis 2010". Youku. 2010-11-15. Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  6. ^ 臺北市公私立各級學校升降旗典禮實施要點 (in Chinese). 1981-02-16. Retrieved 2009-01-08. [dead link]
  7. ^ a b 梁得所與中華民國〈國旗歌〉的歌詞 劉怡伶 國家圖書館館刊 (in Chinese). 2011-06-10. Retrieved 2012-08-07.