National Book Award for Nonfiction

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The National Book Award for Nonfiction is one of four annual National Book Awards, which are given by the National Book Foundation to recognize outstanding literary work by U.S. citizens. They are awards "by writers to writers".[1] The panelists are five "writers who are known to be doing great work in their genre or field".[2]

The original National Book Awards recognized the "Most Distinguished" biography and nonfiction books (two) of 1935 and 1936, and the "Favorite" nonfiction books of 1937 to 1940. The "Bookseller Discovery" and the "Most Original Book" sometimes recognized nonfiction. (See below.)

The general "Nonfiction" award was one of three when the National Book Awards were re-established in 1950 for 1949 publications, which the National Book Foundation considers the origin of its current Awards series.[3] From 1964 to 1983, under different administrators, there were multiple nonfiction categories.[3]

The current Nonfiction award recognizes one book written by a US citizen and published in the US from December 1 to November 30. The National Book Foundation accepts nominations from publishers until June 15, requires mailing nominated books to the panelists by August 1, and announces five finalists in October. The winner is announced on the day of the final ceremony in November. The award is $10,000 and a bronze sculpture; other finalists get $1000, a medal, and a citation written by the panel.[4] The sculpture by Louise Nevelson dates from the 1980 awards.[5] The $10,000 and $1000 cash prizes and autumn recognition for current-year publications date from 1984.[6][7][a]

About 200 books were nominated for the 1984 award, when the single award for general nonfiction was restored.[7]

There were 435 books nominated for the 2010 award.[8]

Current rendition[edit]

The longlist for 2015 will be announced in September 2015.

Finalists[edit]

Nonfiction, date to 1984[edit]

The winner is listed first followed by the four other finalists (from 1987) or other runners up.[a]

2014:[9] Evan Osnos, Age of Ambition: Chasing Fortune, Truth, and Faith in the New China[10]

2013:[11][12] George Packer, The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America [13]

2012:[14][15] Katherine Boo, Behind the Beautiful Forevers: Life, Death, and Hope in a Mumbai Undercity[16][17]

2011:[14] Stephen Greenblatt, The Swerve: How the World Became Modern

2010:[14] Patti Smith, Just Kids [memoir]

2009:[18] T.J. Stiles, The First Tycoon: The Epic Life of Cornelius Vanderbilt [bio: Cornelius Vanderbilt]

2008:[18] Annette Gordon-Reed, The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family

2007:[18] Tim Weiner, Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA

2006:[18] Timothy Egan, The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl

2005:[18] Joan Didion, The Year of Magical Thinking[memoir]

2004:[18] Kevin Boyle, Arc of Justice: A Saga of Race, Civil Rights, and Murder in the Jazz Age

2003:[18] Carlos Eire, Waiting for Snow in Havana: Confessions of a Cuban Boy

2002:[18] Robert A. Caro, Master of the Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson[bio: Lyndon Johnson]

2001:[18] Andrew Solomon, The Noonday Demon: An Atlas of Depression

2000:[18] Nathaniel Philbrick, In the Heart of the Sea: The Tragedy of the Whaleship Essex

  • Patrick Tierney's book was later determined to be deliberately fraudulent.[19][20]

1999:[21] John W. Dower, Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II

1998:[21] Edward Ball, Slaves in the Family

1997:[21] Joseph J. Ellis, American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson

1996:[21] James P. Carroll, An American Requiem: God, My Father, and the War that Came Between Us

1995:[21] Tina Rosenberg, The Haunted Land: Facing Europe's Ghosts After Communism

1994:[21] Sherwin B. Nuland, How We Die: Reflections on Life's Final Chapter

1993:[21] Gore Vidal, United States: Essays 1952–1992

1992:[21] Paul Monette, Becoming a Man: Half a Life Story

1991:[21] Orlando Patterson, Freedom, Vol. 1: Freedom in the Making of Western Culture

1990:[21] Ron Chernow, The House of Morgan: An American Banking Dynasty and the Rise of Modern Finance

1989:[22] Thomas L. Friedman, From Beirut to Jerusalem

1988:[22] Neil Sheehan, A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam

1987:[22] Richard Rhodes, The Making of the Atomic Bomb

1986:[22] Barry Lopez, Arctic Dreams: Imagination and Desire in a Northern Landscape

1985:[22] J. Anthony Lukas, Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families

1984:[22] Robert V. Remini, Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Democracy, 1833–1845

Multiple nonfiction categories, 1964 to 1983[edit]

For the 1963/1964 cycle, three new award categories replaced "Nonfiction": Arts and Letters; History and Biography; Science, Philosophy and Religion. For the next twenty years there were at least three award categories for nonfiction books marketed to adult readers and the term "Nonfiction" was used only 1980 to 1983 ("General Nonfiction", hardcover and paperback).

Scope of "Nonfiction" as covered in the following tables
timespan of all
awards
list of "Nonfiction" categories covered below
1964–1966 3 of 5 Arts and Letters; History and Biography; Science, Philosophy and Religion
1967–1968 3 of 6
1969–1971 3 of 7 Arts and Letters; History and Biography; "The Sciences" or "Philosophy and Religion" alternating
1972–1975 6 of 10 Arts and Letters; Biography; Contemporary Affairs; History; Philosophy and Religion; The Sciences
1976 3 of 6 Arts and Letters; Contemporary Affairs; History and Biography
1977–1979 3 of 7 Biography and Autobiography; Contemporary Thought; History
1980 16 of 30+ Autobiography; Biography; Current Interest; General Nonfiction; History; Religion/Inspiration; Science (each hardcover and paperback) 
1981–1983 8 of 20+ Autobiography/Biography; General Nonfiction; History; Science (each hardcover and paperback)
Nonfiction subcategories, 1964 to 1979[23][24]
Year
count
Award category Winner and finalists
1964


(3)

Arts and Letters

Aileen Ward, John Keats: The Making of a Poet [bio John Keats]

Losing finalists for nonfiction awards are known only collectively.[25]

History and
Biography

William H. McNeill, The Rise of the West: A History of the Human Community

Losing finalists for nonfiction awards are known only collectively.[25]

Science, Philosophy and Religion

Christopher Tunnard and Boris Pushkarev, Man-made America: Chaos or Control?

Losing finalists for nonfiction awards are known only collectively.[25]

Losing finalists, 1964 nonfiction categories[25]

David E. Lilienthal, Change, Hope and the Bomb
Ralph McGill, The South and the Southerner

(probably Arts and Letters)

Walter Jackson Bate, John Keats [bio John Keats]
Francis Steegmuller, Apollinaire: Poet among the Painters [bio Guillaume Apollinaire]

(probably History and Biography)

Shelby Foote, The Civil War: A Narrative, Vol. II, Fredericksburg to Meridian (2nd of 3 vols)
Richard Hofstadter, Anti-intellectualism in American Life
Seymour Martin Lipset, The First New Nation: The United States in Historical and Comparative Perspective
Peter Lyon, Success Story: The Life and Times of S. S. McClure [bio S. S. McClure]
Bertram D. Wolfe, The Fabulous Life of Diego Rivera [bio Diego Rivera]

(probably Science, Philosophy and Religion)

James Baldwin, The Fire Next Time
Raymond Fredric Dasmann, The Last Horizon [about conservation biology]
Howard Ensign Evans, Wasp Farm [about entomology]
Nathan Glazer and Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Beyond the Melting Pot: The Negroes, Puerto Ricans, Jews, Italians and Irish of New York City
Stewart Udall, The Quiet Crisis [about conservation of natural resources]

1965


(3)

Arts and Letters

Eleanor Clark, The Oysters of Locmariaquer
Eric Bentley, The Life of the Drama
Robert Brustein, The Theater of Revolt: An Approach to Modern Drama
Edward Dahlberg, Because I Was Flesh [autobiography]
Ralph Ellison, Shadow and Act
Howard Mumford Jones, O Strange New World: American Culture, the Formative Years

History and
Biography

Louis Fischer, The Life of Lenin [bio Vladimir Lenin]
Oscar Lewis, Pedro Martinez: A Mexican Peasant and His Family
R. R. Palmer, Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760–1800
Willie Lee Nichols Rose, Rehearsal for Reconstruction: The Port Royal Experiment [about Port Royal Expermiment]
Ernest Samuels, Henry Adams: The Major Phase (third of 3 vols.) [bio Henry Adams]
Richard J. Whalen, The Founding Father: The Story of Joseph P. Kennedy [bio Joseph P. Kennedy]

Science, Philosophy and Religion

Norbert Wiener, God & Golem, Inc.: A Comment on Certain Points Where Cybernetics Impinges on Religion
Walter Ciszek, With God in Russia [memoir]
Theodosius Dobzhansky, Heredity and the Nature of Man
David Hawkins, The Language of Nature: An Essay on the Philosophy of Science
John Courtney Murray, The Problem of God, Yesterday and Today
Walter S. Sullivan, We Are Not Alone: The Search for Intelligent Life on Other Worlds

1966


(3)

Arts and Letters

Janet Flanner Paris Journal, 1944–1965
Alfred Kazin, Starting Out in the Thirties
R. W. B. Lewis, Trials of the Word: Essays in American Literature and the Humanistic Tradition
Philip Rahv, The Myth and the Powerhouse
Lionel Trilling, Beyond Culture: Essays on Literature and Learning
René Wellek, History of Modern Criticism: 1750–1950

History and
Biography

Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., A Thousand Days: John F. Kennedy in the White House
Irving Brant, The Bill of Rights: Its Origin and Meaning [about United States Bill of Rights]
Edward Chase Kirkland, Charles Francis Adams, Jr., 1835–1915: Patrician at Bay [bio Charles Francis Adams, Jr.]
Richard B. Morris, The Peacemakers: The Great Powers and American Independence
Robert Shaplen, The Lost Revolution: The U.S. in Vietnam, 1946–1966
Theodore H. White, The Making of the President, 1964 (second of 4 vols)

Science, Philosophy and Religion

No award given.

Charles Frankel, "The Love of Anxiety" and Other Essays
Edgar Z. Friedenberg, Coming of Age in America
Bentley Glass, Science and Ethical Values
Alice Kimball Smith, A Peril and a Hope: The Scientists' Movement in America, 1945–47

1967


(3)

Arts and Letters

Justin Kaplan, Mr. Clemens and Mark Twain: A Biography [bio Mark Twain]
Oliver Larkin, Daumier: Man of His Time [bio Honoré Daumier]
Frederick A. Pottle, James Boswell: The Earlier Years [bio James Boswell]
Isaac Bashevis Singer, In My Father's Court [autobio]
Susan Sontag, Against Interpretation and Other Essays
Lawrence Thompson, Robert Frost: The Early Years [bio Robert Frost]

History and
Biography

Peter Gay, The Enlightenment, Vol. I: The Rise of Modern Paganism
James H. Billington, The Icon and the Axe: An Interpretative History of Russian Culture
David Brion Davis, The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture
Martin Duberman, James Russell Lowell [bio James Russell Lowell]
Barrington Moore, Jr., Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Lord and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World
Peter Štanský and William Abrahams, Journey to the Frontier: Two roads to the Spanish Civil War

Science, Philosophy and Religion

Oscar Lewis, La Vida: A Puerto Rican Family in the Culture of Poverty—San Juan and New York [about culture of poverty]
Howard B. Adelmann, Marcello Malpighi and the Evolution of Embryology [five vols including Marcello Malpighi's works]
George Beadle and Muriel Beadle, The Language of Life: An Introduction to the Science of Genetics
Wassily W. Leontief, Essays in Economics [1st of two vols]
Philip Rieff, The Triumph of the Therapeutic: Uses of Faith After Freud
Erwin Straus, Phenomenological Psychology: The Selected Papers of Erwin W. Straus

1968


(3)

Arts and Letters

William Troy, Selected Essays
R. P. Blackmur, A Primer of Ignorance
Frank Conroy, Stop-Time [memoir]
Leonard B. Meyer, Music, the Arts and Ideas
M. L. Rosenthal, The New Poets
Stanley Weintraub, Beardsley: A Biography [bio Aubrey Beardsley]

History and
Biography

George F. Kennan, Memoirs: 1925–1950 (first of 2 vols.)
Henry Bragdon, Woodrow Wilson: The Academic Years [bio Woodrow Wilson]
Louis J. Halle, The Cold War as History
Roger Hilsman, To Move a Nation: The Politics of Foreign Policy in the Administration of John F. Kennedy [about John F. Kennedy] Nathan Silver, Lost New York

Science, Philosophy and Religion

Jonathan Kozol, Death at an Early Age
Theodosius Dobzhansky, The Biology of Ultimate Concern
John Kenneth Galbraith, The New Industrial State
Suzanne K. Langer, Mind: An Essay on Human Feeling (1st of three vols)
Lewis Mumford, The Myth of the Machine: Technics and Human Development (1st of two vols)

1969


(3)

Arts and Letters

Norman Mailer, The Armies of the Night: History as a Novel, The Novel as History
Hannah Arendt, Men in Dark Times
Peter Gay, Weimar Culture: The Outsider as Insider
Gordon S. Haight, George Eliot: A Biography [bio George Eliot]
Gertrude Himmelfarb, Victorian Minds

History and
Biography

Winthrop Jordan, White over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550–1812
Nuel Pharr Davis, Lawrence and Oppenheimer [about Ernest Lawrence & J. Robert Oppenheimer]
Alvin M. Josephy, Jr., The Indian Heritage of America
Norman Mailer, Miami and the Siege of Chicago: An Informal History of the Republic and Democratic Conventions of 1968
David M. Potter, The South and the Sectional Conflict

The Sciences

Robert Jay Lifton, Death in Life: Survivors of Hiroshima
René Dubos, So Human an Animal: How We Are Shaped by Surroundings and Events
Frank E. Manuel, A Portrait of Isaac Newton [bio Isaac Newton]
Karl Menninger, M.D., The Crime of Punishment
James D. Watson, The Double Helix: A Personal Account of the Discovery of the Structure of DNA

1970


(3)

Arts and Letters

Lillian Hellman, An Unfinished Woman: A Memoir
Richard Howard, Alone with America: Essays on the Art of Poetry in the United States Since 1950
Noel Perrin, Dr. Bowdler's Legacy: A History of Expurgated Books in England and America
John Unterecker, Voyager: A Life of Hart Crane [bio Hart Crane]
Gore Vidal, Reflections Upon a Sinking Ship

History and
Biography

T. Harry Williams, Huey Long [bio Huey Long]
Dean Acheson, Present at the Creation: My Years in the State Department [memoir]
Townsend Hoopes, The Limits of Intervention [memoir]
John Womack, Zapata and the Mexican Revolution [bio Emiliano Zapata]
Gordon S. Wood, The Creation of the American Republic

Philosophy and Religion

Erik Erikson, Gandhi's Truth: On the Origins of Militant Nonviolence
Kenneth E. Boulding, Beyond Economics: Essays on Society, Religion, and Ethics
Loren Eiseley, The Unexpected Universe
Rollo May, Love and Will
Theodore Roszak, The Making of a Counter Culture: Reflections on the Technocratic Society and Its Youthful Opposition

1971


(3)

Arts and Letters

Francis Steegmuller, Cocteau: A Biography [bio Cocteau]
Harold Bloom, Yeats [bio W. B. Yeats]
Robert Coles, Erik H. Erikson: the Growth of His Work [bio Erik Erikson]
Nancy Milford, Zelda [bio Zelda Fitzgerald]
Lewis Mumford, The Myth of the Machine: The Pentagon of Power (2nd of two vols)
Kenneth Rexroth, The Alternative Society: Essays from the Other World

History and
Biography

James MacGregor Burns, Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom [bio Franklin D. Roosevelt]
David Herbert Donald, Charles Sumner and the Rights of Man (second of 2 vols.) [bio Charles Sumner]
Andy Logan, Against the Evidence: The Becker-Rosenthal Affair
Dumas Malone, Jefferson the President: First Term, 1801–1805 (fourth of 6 vols) [bio Thomas Jefferson]
C. L. Sulzberger, The Last of the Giants

The Sciences

Raymond Phineas Sterns, Science in the British Colonies of America
Gustav Eckstein, The Body Has a Head
Victor C. Ferkiss, Technological Man
Ian L. McHarg, Design with Nature
Theodor Rosebury, Life on Man

1972


(6)

Arts and Letters

Charles Rosen, The Classical Style: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven
M. H. Abrams, Natural Supernaturalism: Tradition and Revolution in Romantic Literature
James Dickey, Sorties
Thomas R. Edwards, Imagination and Power: A Study of Poetry on Public Themes
Norman Fruman, Coleridge, the Damaged Archangel [bio Samuel Taylor Coleridge]
César Graña, Fact and Symbol: Essays in the Sociology of Art and Literature
B. H. Haggin, Ballet Chronicle
Nathan Huggins, Harlem Renaissance
Iris Origo, Images and Shadows [autobio]
John Simon, Movies into Films: Film Criticism, 1967–1970

Biography

Joseph P. Lash, Eleanor and Franklin: The Story of Their Relationship, Based on Eleanor Roosevelt's Private Papers [bio Eleanor Roosevelt]
John Cody, After Great Pain: The Inner Life of Emily Dickinson [bio Emily Dickinson]
Emily Farnham, Charles Demuth: Behind A Laughing Mask [bio Charles Demuth]
David Freeman Hawke, Benjamin Rush: Revolutionary Gadfly [bio Benjamin Rush]
Ralph Ketcham, James Madison: A Biography [bio James Madison]
Harding Lemay, Inside, Looking Out: A Personal Memoir
D'Arcy McNickle, Indian Man: A Life of Oliver La Farge [bio Oliver La Farge]
Ronald Paulson, Hogarth: His Life, Art, and Times (second of 3 vols) [bio William Hogarth]
Lacey Baldwin Smith, Henry VIII: The Mask of Royalty [bio Henry VIII]
Barbara Tuchman, Stilwell and the American Experience in China, 1911-45

Contemporary Affairs

Stewart Brand, editor, The Last Whole Earth Catalogue

No other finalists announced.

History

Allan Nevins, The Organized War, 1863–1864 and The Organized War to Victory, 1864–1865 (Ordeal of the Union, vols. 7 & 8 of eight)

No other finalists announced.

Philosophy and Religion

Martin E. Marty, Righteous Empire: The Protestant Experience in America

No other finalists announced.

The Sciences

George L. Small, The Blue Whale

No other finalists announced.

1973


(6)

Arts and Letters

Arthur M. Wilson, Diderot (about Denis Diderot)
Leo Braudy, Jean Renoir: The World of His Films (about Jean Renoir)
Arlene Croce, The Fred Astaire & Ginger Rogers Book (about Astaire and Rogers musicals)
Stanley Fish, Self-Consuming Artifacts: The Experience of Seventeenth-Century Literature
Michael Goldman, Shakespeare and the Energies of Drama
Daniel Hoffman, Poe Poe Poe Poe Poe Poe Poe (about Edgar Allan Poe)
Albert Murray, South to a Very Old Place
Linda Nochlin, Realism
Harold Rosenberg, The De-Definition of Art: Action Art to Pop to Earthworks
Leo Steinberg, Other Criteria: Confrontations with Twentieth-Century Art
Lionel Trilling, Sincerity and Authenticity
Alec Wilder, American Popular Song: The Great Innovators, 1900–1950
Vernon Young, On Film: Unpopular Essays on a Popular Art

Biography

James Thomas Flexner, George Washington: Anguish and Farewell, 1793–1799 (last of 4 vols.)
Ingrid Bengis, Combat in the Erogenous Zone: Writings on Love, Hate, and Sex
Hortense Calisher, Herself (autobiography)
Kenneth S. Davis, FDR: The Beckoning of Destiny, 1882–1928 (first of 5 vols.)
Leon Edel, Henry James: The Master, 1901–1916 (Vol. V of five)
Eleanor Flexner, Mary Wollstonecraft: A Biography
Nikki Giovanni, Gemini: An Extended Autobiographical Statement on My First Twenty-Five Years of Being A Black Poet
John Houseman, Run-Through (memoir, first of 3)
Diane Johnson, Lesser Lives (about Mary Ellen (Peacock)(Nicolls) Meredith)
George F. Kennan, Memoirs, 1950–1963 (second of 2 vols.)
Joseph P. Lash, Eleanor: The Years Alone (about Eleanor Roosevelt)
Margaret Mead, Blackberry Winter: My Earlier Years
Peter Štanský and William Abrahams, The Unknown Orwell (first volume on George Orwell)

Contemporary Affairs

Frances FitzGerald, Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam (about the U.S. Vietnam War)
Michael Barone, Grant Ujifusa and Douglas Matthews, The Almanac of American Politics (first biennial edition)
Herbert Block, Herblock's State of the Union (collected cartoons)
Lynn Eden, Crisis in Watertown: The Polarization of an American Community (about Watertown, Wisconsin 1967–1969)
David Halberstam, The Best and the Brightest (about U.S. Vietnam War origins)
Seymour Hersh, Cover-Up: The Army's Secret Investigation of the Massacre at My Lai 4 (about the My Lai Massacre cover-up)
Stanley Karnow, Mao and China: From Revolution to Revolution (about Mao Zedong and China)
Richard Sennett and Jonathan Cobb, The Hidden Injuries of Class (a study of working-class consciousness)
Colin M. Turnbull, The Mountain People (about the Ik people)
Garry Wills, Bare Ruined Choirs: Doubt, Prophecy, and Radical Religion
Attica: The Official Report of the New York State Special Commission on Attica (about the Attica Prison riot)

History

Split award.
Robert Manson Myers, The Children of Pride: A True Story of Georgia and the Civil War (see Charles Colcock Jones)
Isaiah Trunk, Judenrat: The Jewish Councils in Eastern Europe under Nazi Occupation
James David Barber, The Presidential Character: Predicting Performance in the White House
John Diggins, Mussolini and Fascism: The View from America
Richard Dunn, Sugar and Slaves: The Rise of the Planter Class in the English West Indies, 1624–1713
Loren Graham, Science and Philosophy in the Soviet Union
David Lovejoy, The Glorious Revolution in America (see Dominion of New England)
Jerre Mangione, The Dream and the Deal: The Federal Writers Project, 1935–43
Robert O. Paxton, Vichy France: Old Guard and New Order, 1940–1944
Edward E. Rice, Mao's Way

Philosophy and Religion

S. E. Ahlstrom, A Religious History of the American People
Silvano Arieti, M.D., The Will to be Human
Germaine Brée, Camus and Sartre (about Albert Camus and Jean-Paul Sartre)
Arthur Danto, Mysticism and Morality: Oriental Thought and Moral Philosophy
Stanley Cavell, The Senses of Walden (about Walden)
William A. Christian, Person and God in a Spanish Valley
William Leiss, The Domination of Nature
Theodore Roszak, Where the Wasteland Ends
Morton White, Science and Sentiment in America
Theodore Ziolkowski, Fictional Transfigurations of Jesus

The Sciences


George B. Schaller, The Serengeti Lion: A Study of Predator-Prey Relations
John E. Bardach, John H. Ryther and William O. McLarney, Aquaculture: the farming and husbandry of freshwater and marine organisms (about aquaculture)
Herman H. Goldstine, The Computer from Pascal to Von Neumann (about history of computing, history of computing hardware)
Garrett Hardin, Exploring New Ethics for Survival: The Voyage of the Spaceship Beagle (see lifeboat ethics, bioethics)
Morris Kline, Mathematical Thought from Ancient to Modern Times
Peter Matthiessen, The Tree Where Man Was Born (about East Africa)
H. Lewis McKinney, Wallace and Natural Selection (about Alfred Russel Wallace)
Victor Richards, M.D., Cancer: The Wayward Cell; its origins, nature, and treatment
Ann Zwinger and Beatrice Willard, Land Above the Trees: A Guide to American Alpine Tundra (about alpine tundra)

1974


(6)

Arts and Letters

Pauline Kael, Deeper Into Movies
Daniel Aaron, The Unwritten War: American Writers and the Civil War
W. H. Auden, Forewords and Afterwords
Clarence Brown, Mandelstam (bio Osip Mandelstam)
Richard Ellmann, Golden Codgers: Biographical Speculations
B. H. Haggin, A Decade of Music
Lillian Hellman, Pentimento: A Book of Portraits (memoir)
Edward Hoagland, Walking the Dead Diamond River (about Dead Diamond River)
Lincoln Kirstein, Elie Nadelman (bio Elie Nadelman)
Leonard B. Meyer, Explaining Music: Essays and Explorations
Saul Steinberg, The Inspector (drawings)
Kevin Starr, Americans and the California Dream, 1850–1915 (1st of many volumes)

Biography

Split award.
John Leonard Clive, Thomas Babington Macaulay: The Shaping of the Historian[c]
Douglas Day, Malcolm Lowry: A Biography
J. H. Adamson and H. F. Folland, Sir Harry Vane: His Life and Times (1613–1662)
Robert V. Bruce, Bell: Alexander Graham Bell and The Conquest of Solitude
Stephen F. Cohen, Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution: A Political Biography, 1888–1938
Lester G. Crocker, Jean-Jacques Rousseau: The Prophetic Voice, Vol. II
Myra Friedman, Buried Alive: The Biography of Janis Joplin
William H. Harbaugh, Lawyer's Lawyer: The Life of John W. Davis
Townsend Hoopes, The Devil and John Foster Dulles
Louis Sheaffer, O'Neill Volume II: Son and Artist (about Eugene O'Neill)
Kathryn Kish Sklar, Catherine Beecher (about Catherine Beecher)
Adam Ulam, Stalin (about Joseph Stalin)

Contemporary Affairs

Murray Kempton, The Briar Patch: The People of the State of New York versus Lumumba Shakur, et al. (about a Black Panthers trial)
Peter Davies, The Truth About Kent State: A Challenge to the American Conscience (about the Kent State shootings)
John Kenneth Galbraith, Economics and the Public Purpose
Vivian Gornick, In Search of Ali Mahmoud: An American Woman in Egypt
Walter Karp, Indispensable Enemies: The Politics of Misrule in America
Robert Jay Lifton, Home from the War: Vietnam Veterans—Neither Victims nor Executioners (about U.S. Vietnam veterans)
Jessica Mitford, Kind and Usual Punishment: The Prison Business
Nora Sayre, Sixties Going on Seventies (Perspectives on the Sixties) (about 1960s)
Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., The Imperial Presidency
Robert Sherrill, The Saturday Night Special and Other Guns (about personal firearms)

History

John Leonard Clive, Thomas Babington Macaulay: The Shaping of the Historian[c]
Ray Allen Billington, Frederick Jackson Turner: Historian, Teacher, Scholar
Daniel J. Boorstin, The Americans[d]
Frank Freidel, Franklin D. Roosevelt (about Franklin D. Roosevelt)[e]
Lawrence M. Friedman, A History of American Law
Frederic C. Lane, Venice: Maritime Republic
Edward Pessen, Riches, Class and Power Before the Civil War
Richard Slotkin, Regeneration Through Violence: the Mythology of the American Frontier, 1600–1860
Stephan Thernstrom, The Other Bostonians: Poverty and Progress in the American Metropolis, 1880–1970
Robert C. Tucker, Stalin as Revolutionary, 1879–1929: A Study in History and Personality

Philosophy and Religion

Maurice Natanson, Edmund Husserl: Philosopher of Infinite Tasks
Don Browning, Generative Man: Psychoanalytic Perspectives
Harvey Cox, The Seduction of the Spirit: The Use and Misuse of People's Religion
Erich Fromm, The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness
Marjorie Grene, Jean-Paul Sartre (bio Sartre)
Trent Schroyer, The Critique of Domination: The Origins and Development of Critical Theory (about critical theory)
Laurence Veysey, The Communal Experience: Anarchist and Mystical Counter-Cultures in America (about American communes)
Frederic Wakeman, History and Will: Philosophical Perspectives of Mao Tse-Tung's Thought (about Maoism)
Harry Austryn Wolfson, Studies in the History of Philosophy and Religion, Vol. 1 (collection)
Larzer Ziff, Puritanism in America: New Culture in a New World (see New England Puritans)

The Sciences

S. E. Luria, Life: The Unfinished Experiment
Jeremy Bernstein, Einstein (see Albert Einstein)
Theodosius Dobzhansky, Genetic Diversity and Human Equality
Amitai Etzioni, Genetic Fix: The Next Technological Revolution
J. M. Jauch, Are Quanta Real? A Galilean Dialogue
Ruth Kirk and Louis Kirk, Desert: The American Southwest
Suzanne K. Langer, Mind: An Essay on Human Feeling, Vol. II (2nd of three vols)
George Laycock, Autumn of the Eagle (about bald eagle)
Robert I. Levy, Tahitians: Mind and Experience in the Society Islands
William T. Powers, Behavior: The Control of Perception
Edwin S. Shneidman, Deaths of Man

1975


(6)

Arts and Letters

Split award.
Roger Shattuck, Marcel Proust (bio Marcel Proust)
Lewis Thomas, The Lives of a Cell: Notes of a Biology Watcher[f]
Calvin Bedient, Eight Contemporary Poets: Charles Tomlinson, Donald Davie, R. S. Thomas, Philip Larkin, Ted Hughes, Thomas Kinsella, Stevie Smith, W. S. Graham
Alessandra Comini, Egon Schiele's Portraits (about Egon Schiele)
Peter Gay, Style in History
Richard Gilman, The Making of Modern Drama: A Study of Büchner, Ibsen, Strindberg, Chekhov, Pirandello, Brecht, Beckett, Handke
Elizabeth Hardwick, Seduction and Betrayal
Marjorie L. Hoover, Meyerhold: The Art of Conscious Theater (bio Vsevolod Meyerhold)
H. W. Janson, 16 Studies (essays in Art History)
Eleanor Perényi, Liszt: The Artist as Romantic Hero (bio Franz Liszt)
Oliver Strunk, Essays on Music in the Western World

Biography

Richard B. Sewall, The Life of Emily Dickinson
Richard Beeman, Patrick Henry: A Biography
Michael Collins, Carrying the Fire: An Astronaut's Journeys
Ben Maddow, Edward Weston: Fifty Years; The Definitive Volume of His Photographic Work
James R. Mellow, Charmed Circle: Gertrude Stein and Company
Francis Steegmuller, "Your Isadora": The Love Story of Isadora Duncan & Gordon Craig
Wallace Stegner, The Uneasy Chair: A Biography of Bernard DeVoto
Richard M. Sudhalter and Philip R. Evans, Bix: Man and Legend (about Bix Beiderbecke)
Glenn Watkins, Gesualdo: The Man and His Music (about Carlo Gesualdo)
James A. Weisheipl, Friar Thomas D'Aquino: his life, thought, and work

Contemporary Affairs

Theodore Rosengarten, All God's Dangers: The Life of Nate Shaw (see Ned Cobb)
Raoul Berger, Executive Privilege: A Constitutional Myth (about U.S. executive privilege)
Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, All the President's Men
Robert Jean Campbell, M.D., The Chasm: The Life and Death of a Great Experiment in Ghetto Education
Robert Caro, The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York (bio Robert Moses)
Joe Eszterhas, Charlie Simpson's Apocalypse (about the Harrisonville shooting)
Middleton A. Harris with others, The Black Book ("printed scrapbook" of American "Negro historical materials"; uncredited editor Toni Morrison)
Andrew Levinson, The Working Class Majority
Robert M. Pirsig, Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance: An Inquiry into Values
Franz Schurmann, The Logic of World Power: An Inquiry into the Origins, Currents, and Contradictions of World Politics
Rachel Scott, Muscle and Blood
Studs Terkel, Working

History

Bernard Bailyn, The Ordeal of Thomas Hutchinson
Paul Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum, Salem Possessed: The Social Origins of Witchcraft
Robert Brentano, Rome Before Avignon
Shelby Foote, The Civil War: A Narrative
Eugene D. Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made
John R. Gillis, Youth and History: Tradition and Change in European Age Relations, 1750–Present
Erich S. Gruen, The Last Generation of the Roman Republic
Christopher H. Johnson, Utopian Communism in France
Gerald H. Meaker, The Revolutionary Left in Spain
Edward Shorter and Charles Tilly, Strikes in France, 1830–1968
Mira Wilkins, The Maturing of Multinational Enterprise
Peter H. Wood, Black Majority: Negroes in Colonial South Carolina from 1670 through the Stono Rebellion

Philosophy and Religion

Robert Nozick, Anarchy, State, and Utopia
Ian Barbour, Myths, Models and Paradigms
Leonard E. Barrett, Soul-Force: African Heritage in Afro-American Religion (about Afro-American religion)
John Murray Cuddihy, The Ordeal of Civility: Freud, Marx, Lévi-Strauss and the Jewish Struggle with Modernity
Philip Garvin and Julia Welch, Religious America (photos and text)
Guenter Lewy, Religion and Revolution (case studies)
Barbara Myerhoff, Peyote Hunt: The Sacred Journey of the Huichol Indians (about Huichol use of peyote)
Jaroslav Pelikan, The Spirit of Eastern Christendom 600–1700 (about Eastern Christianity)
Rosemary Radford Ruether, Faith and Fratricide: The Theological Roots of Anti-Semitism (about anti-Semitism)

The Sciences

Split award.
Silvano Arieti, Interpretation of Schizophrenia
Lewis Thomas, The Lives of a Cell: Notes of a Biology Watcher[f]
Lewis Feuer, Einstein and the Generation of Science
Howard E. Gruber and Paul H. Barrett, Darwin on Man: A Psychological Study of Scientific Creativity
J. L. Heilbron, H. G. J. Moseley: The Life and Letters of an English Physicist, 1887–1915 (bio Henry Moseley)
Richard S. Lewis, The Voyages of Apollo: The Exploration of the Moon (about Apollo program)
John McPhee, The Curve of Binding Energy
Stanley Milgram, Obedience to Authority: An Experimental View
Walter S. Sullivan, Continents in Motion: The New Earth Debate (about Plate tectonics)
Dorothy B. Vitaliano, Legends of the Earth: Their Geologic Origins (about Geomythology)

1976


(3)

Arts and Letters

Paul Fussell, The Great War and Modern Memory
Lincoln Kirstein, Njinsky Dancing (about Vaslav Nijinsky)
Lawrence L. Langer, The Holocaust and the Literary Imagination
Robert Rosenblum, Modern Painting and the Northern Romantic Tradition: Friedrich to Rothko (about Romantic painting)
Patricia Meyer Spacks, The Female Imagination
Leo Steinberg, Michelangelo's Last Paintings (about Michelangelo)

Contemporary Affairs

Michael J. Arlen, Passage to Ararat
Richard Barnet and Ronald E. Muller, Global Reach: The Power of the Multinational Corporations (about multinational corporations)
Peter L. Berger, Pyramids of Sacrifice: Political Ethics and Social Change
John Kenneth Galbraith, Money: Whence It Came, Where It Went (about Money)
W. Eugene Smith and Aileen M. Smith, Minamata (exposé of Minamata disease)
Tim Wicker, A Time to Die

History and
Biography

David Brion Davis, The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770–1823
Paul Horgan, Lamy of Santa Fe (about Jean Baptiste Lamy)
R. W. B. Lewis, Edith Wharton (about Edith Wharton)
Charles S. Maier, Recasting Bourgeois Europe: Stabilization in France, Germany and Italy in the Decade after World War I
Edmund S. Morgan, American Slavery, American Freedom
Richard Pipes, Russia Under the Old Regime
Frank R. Rossiter, Charles Ives and His America
Martin J. Sherwin, A World Destroyed: Hiroshima and its Legacies

1977


(3)

Biography and
Autobiography

W. A. Swanberg, Norman Thomas: The Last Idealist
Peter Collier and David Horowitz, The Rockefellers: An American Dynasty
Anaïs Nin, The Diary of Anaïs Nin: Volume VI 1955–1966
B. L. Reid, The Lives of Roger Casement
E. B. White, Letters of E. B. White

Contemporary Thought

Bruno Bettelheim, The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales
Dorothy Dinnerstein, The Mermaid and the Minotaur: Sexual Arrangements and Human Malaise
Joseph Frank, Dostoyevsky: A Writer in His Time (about Fyodor Dostoyevsky)
Ada Louise Huxtable, Kicked a Building Lately?
Rufus E. Miles, Jr., Awakening from the American Dream

History

Irving Howe, World of Our Fathers: the journey of the East European Jews to America and the life they found and made
Lawrence Goodwyn, Democratic Promise: The Populist Moment in America
Linda Gordon, Woman's Body, Woman's Right: The History of Birth Control in America
Richard Kluger, Simple Justice: The History of Brown v. Board of Education and Black America's Struggle for Equality
Joshua C. Taylor, America as Art

1978


(3)

Biography and
Autobiography

W. Jackson Bate, Samuel Johnson (about Samuel Johnson)
James Atlas, Delmore Schwartz: The Life of an American Poet
Will D. Campbell, Brother to a Dragonfly (autobiographical)
Will Durant and Ariel Durant, A Dual Autobiography
Frank Vandiver, Black Jack: The Life and Times of John J. Pershing

Contemporary Thought

Gloria Emerson, Winners and Losers
Kai T. Erikson, Everything in Its Path: Destruction of Community in the Buffalo Creek Flood (about the Buffalo Creek Flood)
Michael Harrington, The Vast Majority
Louise Kapp Howe, Pink Collar Workers (about pink-collar workers)
Julian Jaynes, The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind

History

David McCullough, The Path Between the Seas: The Creation of the Panama Canal 1870–1914
Henry Steele Commager, The Empire of Reason: How Europe Imagined and America Realized the Enlightenment
Robert J. Donovan, Conflict and Crisis: The Presidency of Harry S. Truman, 1945–48
Joseph Kastner, A Species of Eternity (Natural history in the New World)
Fritz Stern, Gold and Iron (Bleichröder and Bismarck)

1979


(3)

Biography and
Autobiography

Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., Robert Kennedy and His Times
Donald Hall, Remembering Poets (biographical memoir)
William Manchester, American Caesar: Douglas MacArthur
William M. Murphy, Prodigal Father: The Life of John Butler Yeats
Phyllis Rose, Woman of Letters: A Life of Virginia Woolf

Contemporary Thought

Peter Matthiessen, The Snow Leopard
Kenneth E. Boulding, Stable Peace (see Peace science)
Ivan Doig, This House of Sky: Landscapes of the Western Wind (memoir)
Alfred Kazin, New York Jew
Meyer Schapiro, Modern Art: 19th and 20th Centuries

History

Richard Beale Davis, Intellectual Life in the Colonial South, 1585–1763
Reinhard Bendix, Kings or People: Power and the Mandate to Rule
Gordon A. Craig, Germany, 1866–1945
John H. White, Jr. 1933-, The American Railroad Passenger Car (John Hopkins Studies in the History of Technology)
Garry Wills, Inventing America: Jefferson's Declaration of Independence

From 1980 to 1983 there were dual awards for hardcover (hc) and paperback (ppb) books in all nonfiction subcategories and some others. Most of the paperback award winners were second and later editions that had been previously eligible in their first editions. Here the first edition publication year is given parenthetically except the calendar year preceding the award is represented by "(new)".[g]

Nonfiction subcategories, 1980 to 1983[22]
Award category Winner and other finalists
1980 (16 categories)
Autobiography (hc)

Lauren Bacall, Lauren Bacall by Myself
Barbara Gordon, I'm Dancing As Fast As I Can (Valium addiction)
John Houseman, Front and Center (memoir, second of 3)
William Saroyan, Obituaries

Autobiography (ppb)

Malcolm Cowley, And I Worked at the Writer's Trade: Chapters of Literary History 1918–1978 (1978)

No other finalists announced.

Biography (hc)

Edmund Morris, The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt
Millicent Bell, Marquand: An American Life (about John P. Marquand)
Leon Edel, Bloomsbury: A House of Lions
Ernest Samuels, Bernard Berenson: The Making of a Connoisseur

Biography (ppb)

A. Scott Berg, Max Perkins: Editor of Genius (1978)
W. Jackson Bate, Samuel Johnson (about Samuel Johnson) (1977)
William Manchester, American Caesar: Douglas MacArthur, 1880–1964 (1978)
Arthur Schlesinger, Robert Kennedy and His Times (1978)

Current Interest (hc)

Julia Child, Julia Child and More Company
Raymond Lifchez and Barbara Winslow, Design for Independent Living: The Environment and Physically Disabled People
Gay Gaer Luce, Your Second Life: Vitality and Growth in Middle and Later Years from the Experiences of the Sage Program
Nathan Pritikin with Patrick M. McGrady, The Pritikin Program for Diet and Exercise ("The Pritikin Diet")
Robert Ellis Smith, Privacy: How to Protect What's Left of It

Current Interest (ppb)

Christopher Lasch, The Culture of Narcissism: American Life in an Age of Diminishing Expectations (new)
Frances Wells Burck, Babysense: A Practical and Supportive Guide to Baby Care (new)
Farallones Institute, The Integral Urban House: Self-Reliant Living in the City (see Sim Van der Ryn) (new)
Tracy Hotchner, Pregnancy and Childbirth: The Complete Guide for a New Life (new)
Calvin Trillin, Alice, Let's Eat: Further Adventures of a Happy Eater (1978)

General Nonfiction (hc)

Tom Wolfe, The Right Stuff
Frances FitzGerald, America Revised (about history textbooks)
David Halberstam, The Powers That Be (about news media)
Frederic Morton, A Nervous Splendor: Vienna, 1888–1889 (see Austrian culture, Mayerling Incident)
Thomas Powers, The Man Who Kept the Secrets: Richard Helms and the CIA

General Nonfiction (ppb)

Peter Matthiessen, The Snow Leopard (1978)
Sissela Bok, Lying: Moral Choice in Public and Private Life (1978)
Barry Lopez, Of Wolves and Men (1978)

General Reference (hardcover)[26]

Elder Witt, editor, Congressional Quarterly's Guide to the U.S. Supreme Court
Frederic M. Kaplan, Julian M. Sopin and Stephen Andors, eds., Encyclopedia of China Today
Bernard Karpel, Arts in America: A Bibliography
J. Gordon Melton, The Encyclopedia of American Religions, Vols. I & II
Carolyn Sue Peterson and Ann D. Fenton, eds., Index to Children's Songs

General Reference (ppb)

Tim Brooks and Earle Marsh, The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946–Present (new)
Cynthia W. Cooke, M.D., and Susan Dworkin, The Ms. Guide to a Woman's Health (new)
Editors of Solar Age magazine, The Solar Age Resource Book (new)
Stuart Berg Flexner, I Hear America Talking: An Illustrated History of American Words and Phrases (1976)
Elisabeth L. Scharlatt, editor, Kids: Day In and Day Out: a parents' manual (new)

History (hc)

Henry A. Kissinger, The White House Years (memoir, first of 3)
Robert Dallek, Franklin D. Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy, 1932–1945
George F. Kennan, Decline of Bismarck's European Order: Franco-Russian Relations, 1875–1890
Frank E. Manuel and Fritzie P. Manuel, Utopian Thought in the Western World
Telford Taylor, Munich: The Price of Peace

History (ppb)

Barbara W. Tuchman, A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century (1978)
James Lincoln Collier, The Making of Jazz: A Comprehensive History (1978)
Daniel J. Kevles, The Physicists: The History of a Scientific Community in Modern America (1978)
Allen Weinstein, Perjury: The Hiss–Chambers Case (1978)
Theodore H. White, In Search of History: A Personal Adventure (1978)

Religion/Inspiration (hc)

Elaine Pagels, The Gnostic Gospels (about Gnostic Gospels)
Peter L. Berger, The Heretical Imperative: Contemporary Possibilities of Religious Affirmation
Brevard S. Childs, Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture (canonical criticism)
Peter Kreeft, Love Is Stronger Than Death
Jack B. Rogers and Donald K. McKim, The Authority and Interpretation of the Bible: An Historical Approach (about Biblical authority)

Religion/Inspiration (ppb)

Sheldon Vanauken, A Severe Mercy (1977)
Richard Bach, Illusions: The Adventures of a Reluctant Messiah (mystical novel) (1977)
Catherine Marshall, The Helper (about the Holy Ghost) (1978)

Science (hc)

Douglas Hofstadter, Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid
Freeman Dyson, Disturbing the Universe
Douglas Faulkner and Richard Chesher, Living Corals
Bernd Heinrich, Bumblebee Economics
Horace Freeland Judson, The Eighth Day of Creation: Makers of the Revolution in Biology

Science (ppb)

Gary Zukav, The Dancing Wu Li Masters: An Overview of the New Physics (new)
William J. Kaufmann, Black Holes and Warped Spacetime (new)
Thomas S. Kuhn, The Essential Tension: Selected Studies in Scientific Tradition and Change (1977)
Anne W. Simon, The Thin Edge: Coast and Man in Crisis (1978)

1981 (8 categories)
Autobiography/
Biography (hc)

Justin Kaplan, Walt Whitman: A Life
Robert K. Massie, Peter the Great: His Life and World
James R. Mellow, Nathaniel Hawthorne in His Times
Peter Štanský and William Abrahams, Orwell: The Transformation (second volume on George Orwell)
Ronald Steel, Walter Lippman and the American Century

Autobiography/
Biography (ppb)

Deirdre Bair, Samuel Beckett: A Biography (1978)
E. K. Brown, Willa Cather: A Critical Biography (1953)
Leon Edel, Bloomsbury: A House of Lions (1979)
Maureen Howard, Facts of Life (autobiography) (1978)
Meryle Secrest, Being Bernard Berenson (1979)

General Nonfiction (hc)

Maxine Hong Kingston, China Men[h]
Malcolm Cowley, The Dream of the Golden Mountains: Remembering the 1930s (autobiography)
John Graves, From a Limestone Ledge (Texas Monthly essays)
Victor S. Navasky, Naming Names (see Hollywood blacklist)
Studs Terkel, American Dreams: Lost and Found

General Nonfiction (ppb)

Jane Kramer, The Last Cowboy: Europeans and The Politics of Memory (1977)
Joan Didion, The White Album (1979)
David Halberstam, The Powers That Be (about news media) (1979)
Dan Morgan, Merchants of Grain: The Power and Profits of the Five Giant Companies at the Center of the World's Food Supply (1979)
Paul Theroux, The Old Patagonian Express (travel memoir) (1979)

History (hc)

John Boswell, Christianity, Social Tolerance and Homosexuality
James H. Billington, Fire in the Minds of Men: Origins of the Revolutionary Faith
Steven Ozment, The Age of Reform, 1250–1550: An Intellectual and Religious History of Late Medieval and Reformation Europe
Carl E. Schorske, Fin-de-Siècle Vienna:Politics and Culture
Page Smith, The Shaping of America: A People's History of the Young Republic

History (ppb)

Leon F. Litwack, Been in the Storm So Long: The Aftermath of Slavery (1979)
Richard Drinnon, The Metaphysics of Indian-Hating and Empire-Building (1980)
A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., In the Matter of Color: The Colonial Period (1978)
Telford Taylor, Munich: The Price of Peace (1979)
Howard Zinn, A People's History of the United States (new)

Science (hc)

Stephen Jay Gould, The Panda's Thumb: More Reflections on Natural History
Claude C. Albritton, The Abyss of Time: Changing Conceptions of the Earth’s Antiquity after the Sixteenth Century
René Dubos, The Wooing of Earth
Timothy Ferris, Galaxies
Carl Sagan, Cosmos

Science (ppb)

Lewis Thomas, The Medusa and the Snail: More Notes of a Biology Watcher (1979)
Carl Sagan, Broca's Brain: Reflections on the Romance of Science (1979)
Joseph Silk, The Big Bang: The Creation and Evolution of the Universe (new)
Walter Sullivan, Black Holes: the Edge of the Space, the End of Time (1979)

1982 (8 categories)
Autobiography/
Biography (hc)

David McCullough, Mornings on Horseback (about Theodore Roosevelt)
Gay Wilson Allen, Waldo Emerson: A Biography
Dumas Malone, Jefferson and His Time: The Sage of Monticello (last of 6 vols.)
William S. McFeely, Grant: A Biography (about Ulysses S. Grant)
Milton Rugoff, The Beechers

Autobiography/
Biography (ppb)

Ronald Steel, Walter Lippmann and the American Century (1980)
Joseph P. Lash, Helen and Teacher: The Story of Helen Keller and Anne Sullivan Macy (1980)
Robert K. Massie, Peter the Great: His Life and World (1980)
Ted Morgan, Maugham (about W. Somerset Maugham) (1980)
Ernest Samuels, Bernard Berenson: The Making of a Connoisseur (1979)

General Nonfiction (hc)

Tracy Kidder, The Soul of a New Machine
Guy Davenport, The Geography of the Imagination: Forty Essays
James Fallows, National Defense
Janet Malcolm, Psychoanalysis: The Impossible Profession
Andrea Lee, Russian Journal

General Nonfiction (ppb)

Victor S. Navasky, Naming Names (1980) (see Hollywood blacklist)
Norman Cousins, Anatomy of an Illness As Perceived by the Patient: Reflections on Healing (1979)
Edward Hoagland, African Calliope: A Journey to the Sudan (1979)
Landon Jones, Great Expectations: America and the Baby Boom Generation (1980)
Barbara Novak, Nature and Culture: American Landscape Painting, 1825–1875 (1980)

History (hc)

Peter J. Powell, People of the Sacred Mountain: A History of the Northern Cheyenne Chiefs and Warrior Societies, 1830–1879
Ray Huang, 1587, a Year of No Significance: The Ming Dynasty in Decline
Donald Neff, Warriors at Suez: Eisenhower Takes America into the Middle East (see Suez Crisis)
Russell F. Weigley, Eisenhower's Lieutenants: The Campaign of France and Germany, 1944–1945
C. Vann Woodward, editor, Mary Chestnut's Civil War (diary revised by Chestnut)

History (ppb)

Robert Wohl, The Generation of 1914 (see Lost Generation) (1979)
Malcolm Cowley, The Dream of the Golden Mountains (1980)
Robert Dallek, Franklin D. Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy, 1932–1945 (1980)
Carl N. Degler, At Odds: Women and the Family in America from the Revolution to the Present (1980)
Charles Rembar, The Law of the Land: The Evolution of Our Legal System (1980)

Science (hc)

Donald C. Johanson and Maitland A. Edey, Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind
Gene Bylinsky, Life in Darwin's Universe: Evolution and the Cosmos
Eric Chaisson, Cosmic Dawn: The Origins of Matter and Life
Steven J. Gould, The Mismeasure of Man
Steven M. Stanley, The New Evolutionary Timetable: Fossils, Genes and the Origin of Species

Science (ppb)

Fred Alan Wolf, Taking the Quantum Leap: The New Physics for Nonscientists (new)
Freeman Dyson, Disturbing the Universe (1979)
Howard E. Gruber, Darwin on Man: A Psychological Study of Scientific Creativity (1974)
Bernd Heinrich, Bumblebee Economics (1979)
Guy Murchie, The Seven Mysteries of Life: An Exploration in Science & Philosophy (1979)

1983 (8 categories)
Autobiography/
Biography (hc)

Judith Thurman, Isak Dinesen: The Life of a Storyteller
Russell Baker, Growing Up (first of two)
Robert A. Caro, The Years of Lyndon Johnson: The Path to Power (first of 3 vols.)
Robert J. Donovan, Tumultuous Years: The Presidency of Harry S. Truman, 1949–1953
Lewis Mumford, Sketches from Life: The Autobiography of Lewis Mumford: The Early Years

Autobiography/
Biography (ppb)

James R. Mellow, Nathaniel Hawthorne in His Times (1980)
Dumas Malone, Jefferson and His Time: The Sage of Monticello (last of 6 vols.) (1981)
Paul Mariani, William Carlos Williams: A New World Naked (1981)
William S. McFeely, Grant: A Biography (about Ulysses S. Grant) (1981)
Jean Strouse, Alice James: A Biography (1980)

General Nonfiction (hc)

Fox Butterfield, China: Alive in the Bitter Sea
George F. Kennan, The Nuclear Delusion: Soviet-American Relations in the Atomic Age
David McClintock, Indecent Exposure: A True Story of Hollywood and Wall Street (about the Begelman affair)
Jonathan Schell, The Fate of the Earth
Susan Sheehan, Is There No Place on Earth for Me?

General Nonfiction (ppb)

James Fallows, National Defense (1981)
Edwin R. Bayley, Joe McCarthy and the Press (1981)
Paul Fussell, Abroad: British Literary Traveling Between the Wars (1980)
Al Santoli, Everything We Had: An Oral History of the Vietnam War (1981)
Joanna Stratton, Pioneer Women: Voices from the Kansas Frontier (new)

History (hc)

Alan Brinkley, Voices of Protest: Huey Long, Father Coughlin and the Great Depression
Gordon A. Craig, The Germans
Robert Darnton, The Literary Underground of the Old Regime
John Putnam Demos, Entertaining Satan: Witchcraft and the Culture of Early New England (see Salem witch trials)
William H. McNeill, The Pursuit of Power: Technology, Armed Force and Society Since A.D. 1000
Bertram Wyatt-Brown, Southern Honor: Ethics and Behavior in the Old South

History (ppb)

Frank E. Manuel and Fritzie P. Manuel, Utopian Thought in the Western World (1979)
George M. Fredrickson, White Supremacy: A Comparative Study in American and South African History (1981)
Ray Huang, 1587, a Year of No Significance: The Ming Dynasty in Decline (1981)
John Noble Wilford, The Mapmakers (about cartography) (1981)

Science (hc)

Abraham Pais, "Subtle is the Lord ...": The Science and Life of Albert Einstein
Philip J. Hilts, Scientific Temperaments: Three Lives in Contemporary Science (bio Robert R. Wilson, Mark Ptashne, John McCarthy)
Melvin Konner, The Tangled Wing: Biological Constraints on the Human Spirit
Ernst Mayr, The Growth of Biological Thought: Diversity, Evolution and Inheritance
Heinz R. Pagels, Cosmic Code: Quantum Physics as the Language of Nature

Science (ppb)

Philip J. Davis and Reuben Hersh, The Mathematical Experience (1981)
Morris Kline, Mathematics: The Loss of Certainty (1980)
Cynthia Moss, Portrait in the Wild: Animal Behavior in the Western World (1979)
Berton Roueché, The Medical Detectives (1980)
G. Ledyard Stebbins, Darwin to DNA: Molecules to Humanity (new)

Nonfiction finalists, 1984 to date

1983/1984[edit]

1983 entries were published during 1982, the pattern established for 1949 books in 1950. Winners in 27 categories were announced April 13 and privately celebrated April 28, 1983.[6]

The awards practically went out of business that spring. Their salvation with a reduced program to be determined was announced in November. The revamp was completed only next summer, with an autumn program recognizing books published during the award year (initially, preceding November to current October). There were no awards for books published in 1983 before November.

By this time the awards were sponsored by the book publishers alone. From 1980 (for 1979 books) they were termed "American Book Awards", and the National Book Awards were considered to have been discontinued after 1979.[6]

1984 entries for the "revamped" awards in merely three categories were published November 1983 to October 1984; that is, approximately during the award year. Eleven finalists were announced October 17.[7] Winners were announced and celebrated November 15, 1984.[27]

Nonfiction, 1950 to 1963[edit]

1963: Leon Edel, Henry James, volumes II and III  (biography of Henry James)

  • 8 other finalists.[23]

1962: Lewis Mumford, The City in History: Its Origins, its Transformations and its Prospects

  • 12 other finalists.[23]

1961: William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich

  • 11 other finalists.[23]

1960: Richard Ellmann, James Joyce  (biography of James Joyce)

  • 28 other finalists.[23]

1959: J. Christopher Herold, Mistress to an Age: A Life of Madame de Staël

  • 12 other finalists.[28]

1958: Catherine Drinker Bowen, The Lion and the Throne  (see Edward Coke)

  • 13 other finalists.[28]

1957: George F. Kennan, Russia Leaves the War

  • 17 other finalists.[28]

1956: Herbert Kubly, An American in Italy

  • 12 other finalists.[28]

1955: Joseph Wood Krutch, The Measure of Man

  • 11 other finalists.[28]

1954: Bruce Catton, A Stillness at Appomattox

  • No runners up.[28]

1953: Bernard De Voto, The Course of Empire

  • 20 other finalists.[28]

1952: Rachel Carson, The Sea Around Us

  • 16 other finalists.[28]

1951: Newton Arvin, Herman Melville  (biography of Herman Melville)

  • No runners up.[28]

1950. The first awards in the current series were presented to the best books of 1949 at the annual convention dinner of the booksellers, book publishers, and book manufacturers in New York City, March 16, 1950. There were honorable mentions ("special citations") in the non-fiction category only.[29]

1950:[28] Ralph L. Rusk, The Life of Ralph Waldo Emerson  (biography of Ralph Waldo Emerson)

Early awards won by nonfiction books[edit]

The National Book Awards for 1935 to 1940 annually recognized the "most distinguished" or "favorite" book of General Nonfiction or simply Nonfiction. In 1935 and 1936 there was distinct award to the most distinguished Biography; both winners were autobiographies. Meanwhile, four of the six general nonfiction winners were autobiographical and one more was a biography. Furthermore, all books were eligible for the "Bookseller Discovery" and "Most Original Book" (two awards); nonfiction winners are listed here. In 1937 and 1939 alone, the New York Times reported close seconds and runners up respectively.[30][31][32][33][34][35]

There was only one National Book Award for 1941, the Bookseller Discovery, which recognized a novel;[36] then none until their 1950 revival for 1949 books in three categories including general Nonfiction.

Nonfiction

1935:[30] Anne Morrow Lindbergh, North to the Orient (flight memoir)

Biography: Vincent Sheean, Personal History (autobiography)

1936:[31] Van Wyck Brooks, The Flowering of New England: 1815–1865

Biography: Victor Heiser (see Leprosy), An American Doctor's Odyssey: Adventures in Forty-Five Countries[37][38] (autobiography)

1937:[32] Ève Curie, Madame Curie (biography of Marie Curie)

1938:[33] Anne Morrow Lindbergh, Listen! The Wind (flight memoir)

1939:[34][39] Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Wind, Sand and Stars (flight memoir)

1940:[35] Hans Zinsser, As I Remember Him: The Biography of R.S. (autobiography)

Bookseller Discovery, 1936 to 1941
Nonfiction books constituted two winners and no other known finalist (both were novels).

1936: see fiction

1937: see fiction

1938:[33] David Fairchild, The World Was My Garden: Travels of a Plant Explorer

1939: see fiction

1940:[35] Perry Burgess, Who Walk Alone[40] (1942 subtitle, Life of a Leper)[41]

1941: see fiction

Most Original Book, 1935 to 1939
Nonfiction books constituted three winners and no other known finalist (both were novels).

1935: see fiction

1936:[31] Della T. Lutes, The Country Kitchen[42] (autobiography & cookbook)

1937:[32] Carl Crow, Four Hundred Million Customers: The Experiences—Some Happy, Some Sad, of an American Living in China, and What They Taught Him (nonfiction)

1938:[33] Margaret Halsey, With Malice Toward Some[43] (humor, satire)

1939: see fiction

Repeat winners[edit]

See also Winners of multiple U.S. National Book Awards

Three books have won two literary National Book Awards (that is, excluding graphics), all in nonfiction subcategories of 1964 to 1983.

  • John Clive, Thomas Babington Macaulay: The Shaping of the Historian
1974 Biography; 1974 History
1979 Contemporary Thought; 1980 General Nonfiction, Paperback
1975 Arts and Letters; 1975 Science

Matthiessen and Thomas won three Awards (as did Saul Bellow, all fiction). Matthiessen won the 2008 fiction award. Thomas is one of several authors of two Award-winning books in nonfiction categories.

  • Justin Kaplan, 1961, 1981 (Arts and Letters, Biography/Autobiography)
  • George F. Kennan, 1957, 1968 (Nonfiction, History and Biography)
  • Anne Morrow Lindbergh, 1936, 1939 (Non-Fiction, Non-Fiction)
  • David McCullough, 1978, 1982 (History, Autobiography/Biography)
  • Arthur Schlesinger, 1966, 1979 (History and Biography, Biography and Autobiography)
  • Frances Steegmuller, 1971, 1981 (Arts and Letters, Translation)
  • Lewis Thomas, 1975, 1981 (Arts and Letters and Science, Science)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Beginning 2005, the official annual webpages (see References) provide more information: the panelists in each award category, the publisher of each finalist, some audio-visual interviews with authors, etc. For 1996 to date, annual webpages generally provide transcripts of acceptance speeches by winning authors.
  2. ^ The National Book Foundation lists Peter Gay, The Enlightenment: An Interpretation. Gay won the 1967 Award in History and Biography for the first volume of that work, subtitled The Rise of Modern Paganism. The second and third volumes were published in 1969 (The Science of Freedom) and 1973 (A Comprehensive Anthology).
    "National Book Awards – 1967". NBF. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
    "National Book Awards – 1988". NBF. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
    The Enlightenment; Peter Gay
  3. ^ a b In 1974 John Clive, Thomas Babington Macaulay, won both the History and Biography awards.
  4. ^ Boorstin published the third and final volume of The Americans in 1973 (The Americans: The Democratic Experience).
  5. ^ Freidel published the fourth and final folume of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1973 (ending 1934).
  6. ^ a b Lewis Thomas, The Lives of a Cell, won both the Arts & Letters and Science awards in 1975.
  7. ^ "(new)" implies that the book was not previously eligible for a National Book Award. It does not imply a paperback original or first publication in simultaneous hard and paper editions. There may have been a first hardcover edition earlier and award-winning paperback edition later in the calendar year.
    • No book was a finalist for hardcover and paperback awards in the same year.
  8. ^ Wikipedia puts the book in genres "short-story cycle; historical fiction" and calls it a novel in her biography.
  9. ^ The other three of four runners-up listed in New York Times coverage of the awards for 1937 were works of fiction, and Nonfiction was one of four award categories, so it is appealing to call Lin Yutang, The Importance of Living runner up for the Nonfiction award.
    • That is not certain, for it does not match the NYT order of listing and mis-classification is possible. NYT lists four "close seconds" in order Conrad Richter, Sea of Grass; Kenneth Roberts, Northwest Passage; Lin Yutang, The Importance of Living; [Leo Rosten], The Education of Hyman Kaplan. Meanwhile the four winners are identified by award category and listed in order Fiction, Nonfiction, Bookseller Discovery, Most Original. Both Sea of Grass and Northwest Passage are historical novels, which does not fit the second-listed category Nonfiction. The Importance of Living is nonfiction and also consistent with the third-listed winner, Bookseller Discovery. Hyman Kaplan is fiction and also consistent with the fourth-listed winner, Most Original.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of the National Book Awards". National Book Foundation (NBF): About Us. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  2. ^ "How the National Book Awards Work". NBF: Awards. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  3. ^ a b "National Book Award Winners: 1950 – 2009". NBF: Awards. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  4. ^ "National Book Award Selection Process". NBF: Awards. Retrieved 2011-11-17.
  5. ^ "'85 Award To DeLillo For Novel". Edwin McDowell. The New York Times 1985-11-22, page C33.
  6. ^ a b c "American Book Awards Announced". Edwin McDowell. The New York Times 1983-04-14, page C30.
  7. ^ a b c "11 Nominated for American Book Awards". By Edwin McDowell. The New York Times 1984-10-18, page C25.
  8. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". NBF: About Us. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  9. ^ Alex Shephard (October 15, 2014). "National Book Awards shortlists announced". Melville House Publishing. Retrieved October 15, 2014. 
  10. ^ Alexandra Alter (November 19, 2014). "National Book Award Goes to Phil Klay for His Short Story Collection". New York Times. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  11. ^ "2013 National Book Award Finalists Announced". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  12. ^ "2013 National Book Awards". NBF. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  13. ^ Clare Swanson (November 20, 2013). "2013 National Book Awards Go to McBride, Packer, Szybist, Kadohata". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved December 3, 2013. 
  14. ^ a b c "National Book Awards – 2010". NBF. Retrieved 2012-01-24. (Select 2010 or a later year from the top left menu.)
  15. ^ "National Book Award Finalists Announced Today". Library Journal. October 10, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-15. 
  16. ^ "2012 National Book Awards Go to Erdrich, Boo, Ferry, Alexander". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 2012-11-15. 
  17. ^ Leslie Kaufman (November 14, 2012). "Novel About Racial Injustice Wins National Book Award". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-11-15. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "National Book Awards – 2000". NBF. Retrieved 2012-01-24. (Select 2000 to 2009 from the top left menu.)
  19. ^ "Preliminary report: The major allegations against Napoleon Chagnon and James Neel presented in Darkness in El Dorado by Patrick Tierney appear to be deliberately fraudulent.". 
  20. ^ AAA Rescinds Acceptance of the El Dorado Report
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "National Book Awards – 1990". NBF. Retrieved 2012-04-01. (Select 1990 to 1999 from the top left menu.)
  22. ^ a b c d e f g "National Book Awards – 1980". NBF. Retrieved 2012-04-01. (Select 1980 to 1989 from the top left menu.)
  23. ^ a b c d e "National Book Awards – 1960". NBF. Retrieved 2012-02-06. (Select 1960 to 1969 from the top left menu.)
  24. ^ "National Book Awards – 1970". NBF. Retrieved 2012-02-06. (Select 1970 to 1979 from the top left menu.)
  25. ^ a b c d "National Book Awards – 1964". NBF. Retrieved 2012-02-06.
  26. ^ "Styron and Wolfe Lead Book-Award Winners /Miss Welty Wins National Medal /Counterceremonies on West Side", Herbert Mitgang, The New York Times, May 2, 1980, p. C25.
    (The National Book Foundation online listing for this category is corrupt.)
  27. ^ "Three Writers Win Book Awards". The New York Times 1984-11-16, page C32.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "National Book Awards – 1950". NBF. Retrieved 2012-02-06. (Select 1950 to 1959 from the top left menu.)
  29. ^ "Book Publishers Make 3 Awards: Nelson Algren, Dr. Ralph L. Rusk and Dr. W. C. Williams Receive Gold Plaques", The New York Times 1950-03-17, page 21.
  30. ^ a b "Lewis is Scornful of Radio Culture: Nothing Ever Will Replace the Old-Fashioned Book, He Tells Booksellers", The New York Times 1936-05-12, page 25.
  31. ^ a b c "5 Honors Awarded on the Year's Books: Authors of Preferred Volumes Hailed at Luncheon of Booksellers Group", The New York Times 1937-02-26, page 23.
  32. ^ a b c "Booksellers Give Prize to 'Citadel': Cronin's Work About Doctors Their Favorite--'Mme. Curie' Gets Non-Fiction Award TWO OTHERS WIN HONORS Fadiman Is 'Not Interested' in What Pulitzer Committee Thinks of Selections", The New York Times 1938-03-02, page 14.
  33. ^ a b c d "Book About Plants Receives Award: Dr. Fairchild's 'Garden' Work Cited by Booksellers", The New York Times 1939-02-15, page 20.
  34. ^ a b "1939 Book Awards Given by Critics: Elgin Groseclose's 'Ararat' is Picked as Work Which Failed to Get Due Recognition", The New York Times 1940-02-14, page 25.
  35. ^ a b c "Books and Authors", The New York Times 1941-02-16, page BR12.
  36. ^ "Neglected Author Gets High Honor: 1941 Book Award Presented to George Perry for Hold Autumn In Your Hand", The New York Times 1942-02-11, page 18.
  37. ^ An American Doctor's Odyssey: Adventures in Forty-Five Countries. Amazon.com product information, 1936 first edition with subtitle. Retrieved 2012-01-30.
  38. ^ An American Doctor's Odyssey. Review by Mazÿck P. Ravenel. American Journal of Public Health and the Nation's Health. 1936 October; 26(10): 1045–47. Reprint at NIH.gov. Retrieved 2012-01-30.
  39. ^ "French Flier Gets Book Prize for 1939: Antoine de St. Exupery Able at Last to Receive Award", The New York Times 1941-01-15, page 6.
  40. ^ Who Walk Alone. Amazon.com product information with image of a Bookseller Discovery edition (37th printing). Retrieved 2012-01-30.
  41. ^ Who Walk Alone: The Life of a Leper. Amazon.com production information with 1942 subtitle. Retrieved 2012-01-30.
  42. ^ Book Review: The Country Kitchen by Della T. Lutes" (2009?). Organic Test Kitchen (blog by Theo). Retrieved 2012-01-30.
  43. ^ "Margaret Halsey, 86, a Writer Who Lampooned the English", Dinitia Smith, The New York Times 1997-02-07. Retrieved 2012-01-30.