National Botanical Garden of Bangladesh
|Bangladesh National Botanical Garden and Herbarium|
|Operated by||Department of Forestry, of Environment and Forests, Bangladesh.|
|Status||Open all year|
The National Botanical Garden of Bangladesh and the Bangladesh National Herbarium make up the largest plant conservation center in Bangladesh, with an area of around 84 hectares (210 acres). It is located at Mirpur in Dhaka, beside the Dhaka Zoo. It was established in 1961. It is one of the greatest botanical gardens of Bangladesh, a knowledge center for nature lovers and botanists and a tourist destination. The herbarium has a scientific collection of approximately 100,000 preserved specimens of plants.
Baldha Garden which is in the Wari area of Dhaka is administratively part of the National Garden.
The garden provides learning and recreational facilities adjacent to the Dhaka Zoo. It is divided into 57 sections, and is managed by Forest Department under Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh National Herbarium's collection of plant and tree species is large. The garden houses about 56,000 individual trees, herbs, and shrubs including a huge collection of aquatic plants. Rare and exotic plant species in the garden include:
- Anthurium (Anthurium crystallinum)
- Camphor (Cinnamomum camphora)
- Rabbit fern (Davallia canariensis)
- Dambia (Dombeya spectabilis)
- White rangan (Ixora superba)
- Little mussanda (Mussaenda luteola)
- Victoria amazonica
- Harhjora (Cissus quadrangularis)
- African tulip tree (Spathodea campanulata)
- Sambucas (Sambucus nigra)
- White Chandan (Santalum album).
A modern vegetative propagation arrangement and a tissue culture laboratory have been established in the garden for propagation of rare species. Initially, tissue culture of orchids and other rare species have been adopted. Besides, a huge rose garden, criss-crossing lake, watch deck, artificial water fall, bridge over the lake and above all the thousands of migratory birds in winter are the main attractions of the National Botanical Garden.
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