National Capital Region (India)
- This article is about National Capital Region of India which includes Delhi and adjoining urban areas. You might be looking for National Capital Territory of Delhi, or New Delhi. For other uses see National Capital Region (disambiguation).
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2009)|
|National Capital Region london|
|National Capital Territory of Delhi as captured by Landsat-5 satellite|
|• Regional authority||National Capital Region Planning Board|
|• Total||43,016 km2 (16,609 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,050/km2 (2,700/sq mi)|
The National Capital Region (NCR) in India is the designation for the conurbation or metropolitan area which encompasses the entire National Capital Territory of Delhi, which includes New Delhi, as well as urban areas surrounding it in neighboring states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.
NCR is India's largest and the world's second largest agglomeration with a population of 22,157,000. All the areas of NCR together generated GDP of $128.9 billion in 2011-12, which was 7.5 percent of Indian GDP.
In 1956, Interim General Plan suggested that 'serious consideration should be given for a planned decentralization to outer areas & even outside the Delhi region'. In 1962, High Powered Board set up under Union Minister for Home Affairs. In 1962, Master Plan for Delhi emphasized Planning of Delhi in regional context, and mooted the concept of National Capital Region for the first time.
In 1985, with enactment of the National Capital Region Planning Board Act, 1985 of Government of India, NCR Planning Board (NCRPB) was constituted. The aim of the concept was to develop a metropolitan area around Delhi, so as to divert increasing pressure of population from the region. The concept was essential in order to protect Delhi's infrastructure from excessive pressure and a planned development of the region.
In July 2013, NCR was expanded to include 3 more districts, Bhiwani and Mahendragarh in the state of Haryana, as well as Bharatpur in the state of Rajasthan. This brought the number of districts in NCR to 19, with total NCR area increasing 34% to 45,887 km2.
The four constituent Sub-Regions of NCR are as follows:
4. Delhi, which constituting about 5% of the Region.
A total of 22 districts in three neighbouring states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan along with whole of the National Capital Territory of Delhi constitute the National Capital Region (NCR) of India as defined in National Capital Region Planning Board (NCRPB) Act, 1985.
In NCR, Alwar is the largest constituent district of an area of 8,380 km2. Sonepat constitutes the highest poverty district and Faridabad constitutes the lowest poverty district of NCR. New Delhi is the largest economy ($64.8 billion) and most populous constituent of NCR.
Aims and Objectives
NCRPB prepares regional plan, which aims to promote growth and balanced development of the whole region through providing economic base in the identified major settlements (Metro Centres/Regional Centres) for absorbing economic development impulse of Delhi, efficient transport network, development of physical infrastructure, rational land use pattern, improved environment and quality of life.
Till now, NCRPB has formulated Regional Plan-2001 and 2021.
Zones of NCR
The basic policy for NCT-Delhi is to achieve environmentally sustainable development and redevelopment taking into account the limitation of developable land and water. No new major economic activities i.e., industries, wholesale trade and commerce, which may result in a large scale job creation both in formal as well as informal sectors, should be located in this zone. Only activities necessary to sustain the local population of NCT-Delhi should be permitted.
- Central National Capital Region (CNCR) excluding NCT-Delhi
Considering that the controlled/development/regulated Central NCR towns have been extended/modified, the modified CNCR would comprise the notified controlled/development/regulated areas of contiguous towns of Ghaziabad-Loni, Noida, Greater Noida, Gurgaon-Manesar, Faridabad-Ballabgarh, Bahadurgarh, Sonepat-Kundli and the extension of the Ridge in Haryana.
The opportunities presented by CNCR need to be maximized to enable it to effectively reinforce/support NCT-Delhi by offering jobs, economic activities, comprehensive transport system, housing, social infrastructure and quality of environment, which are at par with the National Capital. Major economic and non-polluting activities intended to be located in NCT-Delhi should be located in the urbanisable areas planned in this zone and, where appropriate and necessary, in the rest of NCR.
- Highway Corridor Zone
A Highway Corridor Zone is proposed with a minimum width of 500 metres inclusive of green buffer on either side of the right-of-way (ROW) along the National Highway (NH) 1, 2, 8, 10, 24, 58 and 91 converging at Delhi to enable the planned and regulated development along the stretches of these highways that are outside the controlled/development/regulated areas. In addition to the above, the Highway Corridor Zones along the NH 71, 71A, 71B, 119, 93, 235, 11A and Expressways have been proposed.
Counter-magnet towns are identified as those that can be developed as alternative centres of growth and attract migrants to them rather than Delhi. Promoting growth of counter magnet towns are the principal components of the strategy to reduce both migration and population explosion in the Delhi metropolitan area.
These towns are located in six states-Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab, in addition to Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan, which are already part of the national capital region.
The criteria for selecting counter magnet towns are: that they should not be within approximately 250 kilometres from Delhi, should have their own established roots and potential of growth and should not be centres of either religious, strategic or environmental importance.
- List of urban agglomerations by population (United Nations) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
- National Capital Region Planning Board. Ncrpb.nic.in. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
- National Capital Region Planning Board. Ncrpb.nic.in (2010-03-15). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
- Three more districts part of NCR - Times Of India. Timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2013-07-01). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.