National Coalition Party (El Salvador)
|National Coalition Party|
|Founded||September 30, 1961 (original)
September 2011 (re-founded)
|Seats in the Legislative Assembly|
The National Coalition Party (Spanish: Partido de Concertación Nacional, PCN) is a conservative political party in El Salvador. Until 2011 it was known as the National Conciliation Party (Spanish: Partido de Conciliación Nacional, PCN). It was the most powerful political party in the country during the 1960s and 1970s, and was closely associated with the Salvadoran military. Julio Adalberto Rivera Carballo, a candidate of the National Conciliation Party, was elected president in 1962, and the next three presidents were also from the party. After the 1979 revolution the party declined in influence but continued to exist.
At the legislative elections, held on 16 March 2003, the party won 13.0% of the popular vote and 16 out of 84 seats in the Legislative Assembly. Its candidate in the presidential election of 21 March 2004, José Rafael Machuca Zelaya, won 2.7%. In the 12 March 2006 legislative election, the party won 11.0% of the popular vote and 10 out of 84 seats, a major decline in representation, but the party is still the third largest political party in El Salvador. At the January 18, 2009 legislative elections the party won 11 seats.
With no party holding a majority, it can be seen as holding the balance of power. However, it usually sides with the conservative ARENA party.
While the party was technically to be disbanded after the 2004 election, in which its candidate did not gather the necessary 3% of the vote, it was allowed to hold onto its registration by decree; this decree was declared unconstitutional on 30 April 2011, and the party was thus disbanded.
The party was de facto re-established, registering with the Supreme Electoral Tribunal as the National Coalition ('Concertación Nacional', CN) in September 2011. After one year, it added the word 'Partido' ("party") to its full name, which allowed it to again use the traditional acronym PCN. Since 2012, the party has 7 out of 84 congressmen and 26 out of 262 mayorship offices.
PCN Presidents of El Salvador
- Julio Adalberto Rivera (1962–1967)
- Fidel Sanchez Hernandez (1967–1972)
- Arturo Armando Molina (1972–1977)
- Carlos Humberto Romero (1977–1979)
- Middlebrook, Kevin J. (2000), Conservative Parties, the Right, and Democracy in Latin America, JHU Press, p. 337
- Foley, Erin; Hapipi, Rafiz (2005), El Salvador, Marshall Cavendish, p. 37
- Wallace, Kathryn (2003), "El Salvador", Americas Review 2003: The Economic and Business Report (Kogan Page Publishers): 74
- "El Salvador: Directory", South America, Central America and the Caribbean 2002 (Routledge), 2001: 396
- El Salvador Supreme Court disbands two parties, BBC News, 30 April 2011, retrieved 12 March 2012
- "TSE anuncia inscripción del partido Concertación Nacional", El Salvador Noticias, 23 September 2011, retrieved 12 March 2012
- Rivera, Edgardo (26 September 2012), El PES volverá a llamarse PDC y el CN también busca ser PCN
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