National Criminal Intelligence Service

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Not to be confused with Naval Criminal Investigative Service.

The National Criminal Intelligence Service (NCIS) was a United Kingdom policing agency. Following the Police and Criminal Justice Act 2001, NCIS returned to direct funding by the Home Office in 2002 and was a non-departmental public body. On 1 April 2006 it was merged into the newly created Serious Organised Crime Agency.

The unit was established in April 1992 previously known as the National Drugs Intelligence Unit.[1] Organized according to the Police Act 1997, the functions of NCIS were to gather intelligence data and analysed this information to provide the necessary insight and intelligence to national police forces.[2] The act also empowered the service with rights to perform surveillance operations.[3][4]

Organization of the service included units specializing in organized crimes and crimes involving illicit drugs, football and financial issues. A specialized unit was focused especially on kidnap and extortion,counterfeit monies, the stealing of automobiles and the like and paedophilic crimes.[5] At the time of the creation of the service, there was a paedophile unit integral to the organisation of the service.[6] The service consisted of 500 officers.[4]

The service was designed specifically to act against crime classified as both organized in performance and of a serious nature. Relevant groups were to include necessarily:[7]

  • at least three people
  • engaging in ongoing criminal activity for prolonged periods, something like a "career criminal" [8]
  • are motivated in acting to gain in power and for the accumulation of profit.

The service received £138 million in funding during 1999.[9]

The unit was disbanded during 2006 and replaced by SOCA.[10]

The Director General was responsible with other officers for terrorist responses.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ RW Orttung, A Stanislavovich Makarychev - National Counter-Terrorism Strategies: Legal, Institutional, and Public Policy Dimensions in the US, UK, France, Turkey and Russia (Volume 14 of NATO Security Through Science Series) IOS Press, 1 Dec 2006 Retrieved 2012-07-10 ISBN 1586036955
  2. ^ A Kádár - Police in Transition: Essays on the Police Forces in Transition Countries Central European University Press, 2001 Retrieved 2012-07-10 ISBN 9639241156
  3. ^ H Barnett, R Jago - Constitutional & Administrative Law Taylor & Francis, 19 Jul 2011 Retrieved 2012-07-10 ISBN 0415578817
  4. ^ a b DS Jones. The Hypnotist. AuthorHouse, 1 Sep 2011. ISBN 1456790471. Retrieved 2012-07-10. 
  5. ^ RJ Terrill - World Criminal Justice Systems: A Survey Elsevier, 1 Nov 2009 Retrieved 2012-07-10 ISBN 1593456123
  6. ^ Council of Europe - Child Sexual Abuse in Europe Council of Europe, 2003 Retrieved 2012-07-10
  7. ^ ME Beare - Critical Reflections on Transnational Organized Crime, Money Laundering and Corruption University of Toronto Press, 2003 Retrieved 2012-07-10 ISBN 0802081908
  8. ^ LF Travis - Introduction to Criminal Justice Elsevier, 21 Feb 2011 Retrieved 2012-07-10 ISBN 1437734901
  9. ^ British Information Services, Great Britain. Central Office of Information. Reference Division, Great Britain. Central Office of Information. Reference Services, Great Britain. Foreign and Commonwealth Office - Survey of current affairs, Volume 29 H. M. Stationery Off., 1999 > [1] Retrieved 2012-07-10
  10. ^ M Maguire, R Morgan, R Reiner - The Oxford Handbook Of Criminology Oxford University Press, 31 May 2007 Retrieved 2012-07-10 ISBN 0199205434
  11. ^ Y Alexander - Uk's Legal Responses To Terrorism Cavendish Publishing, 20 Jan 2003 Retrieved 2012-07-10 ISBN 1843145278