National Debt Repayment Movement
|National Debt Repayment Movement|
|Revised Romanization||Gukchae Bosang Undong|
|McCune–Reischauer||Kukch'ae Posang Undong|
The National Debt Repayment Movement was a movement by the people of the Korean Empire to repay their country's debt through collecting individual donations. It was started by Seo Sang-dong of Daegu on 30 January, 1907. At that time the national debt was 13 million won. At the movement's height in 1908, it had amassed 190,000 won.
The movement attracted national appeal, and many gave up their tobacco in order to help repay the national debt. Women, including the kisaeng Aengmu, took a leading role in raising funds. The Japanese Government expected for the movement to subside. However, the movement later attracted the interest of the Japanese forces, who regarded it as a dangerous expression of Korean nationalism and sought to stifle and discredit it.
A large park in central Daegu is dedicated to the memory of the movement.
- "Resident General's Office Report on Political Conditions, and a miscellenea", June 22nd, 1907 (JACAR Ref.B03041513600) and July 31st, 1907 (Ref.B03041513800).
- "Spirit of colonial-era debt repayment movement lives on: PM Han". Korea.net. Retrieved 31 August 2009.[dead link]
- "Prospectus of National Debt Repayment Movement". Korean National Heritage Online. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
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