National Development Complex
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2009)|
|Type||Defence and Aerospace Technology|
|Industry||Aerospace and Nuclear Technology Artillery and Armour Automation|
|Genre||Science and technology|
|Predecessor(s)||Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission|
|Founder(s)||Dr. Samar Mubarakmand and Mr. Munir Ahmad Khan|
|Key people||Dr. Samar Mubarakmand
Dr. Irfan Burney
The National Development Complex (N.D.C.), is an aerospace and defense agency of the Ministry of Defence of Government of Pakistan, located in Fateh Jang, Punjab Province of Pakistan. The NDC was founded in 1990 by the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) chairman, Mr. Munir Ahmad Khan, when PAEC's Director for Special Development Works (SDW) was morphed into the National Development Complex. Dr. Samar Mubarakmand was appointed as its first Director who later became its Director-General. While the project was initiated by Benazir Bhutto, who strongly advocated for the establishment, the NDC was completed in 1993 by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, and the Shaheen Missile System program was assigned to the NDC in 1995. The development of missile program, under the codename Integrated Missile Research and Development Programme (IMRDP), was first started at the NDC to developed the solid-fuel rockets and missile systems. The Missile components from these various facilities are brought to the NDC for final integration. The NDC operates under NESCOM whose engineers also took participation in the projects. NDC is also involved in Artillery and Armour Automation.Two major project being developed by NDC are Integrated Battle Field Management System IBMS and Artillery Fire Control System AFCS.
Research, development and production
- Air-to-air missile research - It was reported in November 2001 that the Aerospace Division of NDC was doing "preliminary studies" for developing a new medium range air-to-air missile. According to the report no full scale hardware had yet been built but investigations by NDC engineers into various design approaches were ongoing. The report stated that suggested that the missile may utilise active radar homing.
- Babur (cruise missile)
- Nasr (missile)
Depleted uranium ammunition
- 105 mm anti-tank round - a DU APFSDS anti-tank round developed to be fired by Type 59 tanks (upgraded with 105 mm guns) in service with the Pakistan Army. Reported to have a muzzle velocity of 1,450 m/s and be capable of penetrating 450 mm of rolled homogeneous armour (RHA) at an unspecified range.
- Naiza (125 mm anti-tank round) - a DU APFSDS anti-tank round developed to be fired by T-80UD tanks in service with the Pakistan Army. A model of the round was put on display at the IDEX 2001 exhibition in the United Arab Emirates and it was stated to have a DU long rod penetrator, performance 25% greater than NDC's 105 mm DU round and a saddle-type sabot with re-arranged forward bore-rider for more accurate alignment with the T-80UD's autoloader. Displayed at IDEAS 2002 alongside DU rounds produced by other Pakistani organisations. Reportedly named "Naiza", made compatible with the T-80UD tank and stated to be capable of penetrating 550 mm of RHA.
- Starfish naval mine - a naval mine that targets submarines and ships, details on the mine were first released in 2001. Can be deployed by aircraft, ships and submarines. Makes use of solid state electronics. The mine's attack modes are controlled by a microprocessor which uses magnetic, acoustic and pressure sensors to analyse a potential target's signature. Sensors are mounted flush to both ends of the mine's cylindrical (barrel) shape. It is unknown if the mine has a self-destruct mechanism. Weight: 767 kg, warhead: 500 kg HE (PBX charge), storage life: 20 years.
- "New BVR missile (Pakistan) (Pakistan), Air-to-air missiles - Beyond visual range". Jane's (website). Jane's Information Group. 20 July 2009. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- "Section: Air-to-air missiles - Beyond visual range". Jane's Air-Launched Weapons. Jane's Information Group. 20 July 2009. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
- "Pakistan joins DU producer nations". Jane's Information Group. 9 May 2001. Archived from the original on December 21, 2001.
- "Underwater weapons - Mines and depth charges". Jane's Air-Launched Weapons. Jane's Information Group. May 6, 2010. Retrieved 16 October 2010.
- "Starfish Ground Mine (Pakistan), Underwater weapons - Mines and depth charges". Jane's Air-Launched Weapons. Jane's Information Group. May 6, 2010. Retrieved 16 October 2010.