National Democratic Alliance (India)

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National Democratic Alliance
Chairperson L. K. Advani
Founder Bharatiya Janata Party
Leader in Lok Sabha Sushma Swaraj
(Leader of Opposition)
Leader in Rajya Sabha Arun Jaitley
(Leader of Opposition)
Prime-ministerial candidate Narendra Modi
Former Prime Minister(s) Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Founded 1998
Political position Centre-right
National Convener N. Chandrababu Naidu
Seats in Lok Sabha
141 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
65 / 245
Politics of India
Political parties
Elections

The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is a centre-right[1] coalition of political parties in India. At the time of its formation in 1998, it was led by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and had thirteen constituent parties. Its current convener is N. Chandrababu Naidu and honorary chairman is former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Also representing the alliance are L. K. Advani, former deputy prime minister who is the acting chairman of the Alliance; Sushma Swaraj, Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha; Arun Jaitley, Leader of Opposition in the Rajya Sabha; and Karia Munda, the Deputy Speaker in the Lok Sabha. The coalition was in power from 1998 to 2004. Currently the NDA coalition is opposition in the union parliament while holding power in many states.

History[edit]

The National Democratic Alliance was formed in May 1998 as a coalition to contest the general elections. It was led by the Bharatiya Janata Party, and included several regional parties, including the Samata Party and the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), as well as the Shiv Sena, the only member which shared the Hindutva ideology of the BJP.[2][3] With outside support provided by the Telugu Desam Party (TDP), the NDA was able to muster a slim majority in the elections of 1998, and Atal Bihari Vajpayee returned as prime minister.[4] The government collapsed within a year because the (AIADMK) withdrew its support. After the entry of a few more regional outfits, the NDA proceeded to win the 1999 elections with a more secure majority. Vajpayee became prime minister for a third time, this time for a full five year term.[5]

The NDA called elections in early 2004, six months ahead of schedule. Its campaign was based around the slogan of "India Shining" which attempted to depict the NDA government as responsible for a rapid economic transformation of the country. However, the NDA unexpectedly suffered a heavy defeat, winning only a 186 seats in the Lok Sabha, compared to the 222 of the United Progressive Alliance led by the Congress, with Manmohan Singh succeeding Vajpayee as prime minister. Some commentators have stated that the NDA's failure to reach out to rural Indians was the explanation for its defeat; others have pointed to its "divisive" policy agenda as the reason.[6][7]

Structure[edit]

The National Democratic Alliance does not have a formal governing structure in place, such as an executive board or politburo. It has been up to the leaders of the individual parties to make decisions on issues such as sharing of seats in elections, allocation of ministries and the issues that are raised in Parliament. Given the varied ideologies among the parties, there have been many cases of disagreement and split voting among the allies. Owing to ill health, George Fernandes, who was the NDA convener until 2008, was discharged of his responsibility and replaced by Sharad Yadav, the national president of the Janata Dal(United) political party. After the separation of the JD(U) from the coalition, Sharad Yadav of the saffron alliance has been discharging from the role of the NDA convener.[citation needed]

Songs[edit]

No. Song Name Singer Lyrics Music Director
1 Modi Aane Wala Hai Udit Narayan Abeer Vajpayee Abeer Vajpayee
2 Main Desh Nahi Mitne Dunga Sukhwinder Singh & Narendra Modi Prasoon Joshi Aadesh Shrivastava

Present members[edit]

Currently, the parties in and supporting the NDA are:[8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18]

No Party Current No. of MPs Base State Joining Date
1 Bharatiya Janata Party 116 National Party May 1998
2 Shiv Sena 11 Maharashtra May 1998
3 Shiromani Akali Dal 4 Punjab May 1998
4 Naga People's Front 1 Nagaland March 2003
5 Gorkha Janmukti Morcha 0 West Bengal March 2009
6 Haryana Janhit Congress 1 Haryana October 2011
7 Republican Party of India (Athvale) 0 Maharashtra October 2011
8 Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party 0 Goa February 2012
9 National People's Party 0 Meghalaya January 2013
10 Swabhimani Paksha 1 Maharashtra January 2014
11 Rashtriya Samaj Paksha 0 Maharashtra January 2014
12 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 1 Tamil Nadu January 2014
13 Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi 0 Tamil Nadu February 2014
14 Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi 0 Tamil Nadu February 2014
15 Rashtriya Lok Samata Party 0 Bihar February 2014
16 Lok Janshakti Party 0 Bihar February 2014
17 Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam 0 Tamil Nadu March 2014
18 All India N.R. Congress 0 Puducherry March 2014
19 Kerala Congress (Nationalist) 0 Kerala March 2014
20 Revolutionary Socialist Party (Bolshevik) 0 Kerala March 2014
21 Pattali Makkal Katchi 0 Tamil Nadu March 2014
22 Manipur Peoples Party 0 Manipur March 2014
23 United Democratic Front 0 Mizoram March 2014
24 Apna Dal 0 Uttar Pradesh March 2014
25 North-East Regional Political Front 0 North East March 2014
26 New Justice Party 0 Tamilnadu March 2014
27 Jana Sena Party 0 Andhra Pradesh April 2014
28 Telugu Desam Party 6 Andhra Pradesh April 2014
29 Goa Vikas Party 0 Goa April 2014

Past members[edit]

No Party Base State Withdrawal Date Reason for Withdrawal
1 Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 1999 Aligned with Indian National Congress during 1999 elections[19]
2 Lok Shakti Bihar 1999 Merged with Janata Dal (United) for 1999 Elections
3 J & K National Conference J & K 2002 Blaming the BJP for its loss in the Jammu and Kashmir state elections.
4 Samata Party Bihar 2003 Megeged with Janata Dal (United) in 2003
5 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 2004 Aligned with Congress Party during 2004 elections
6 Haryana Vikas Party Haryana 2004 Aligned with Congress Party during 2004 elections
7 Indian Federal Democratic Party Kerala 2004 Following the 2004 election, Merged with Kerala Congress
8 All India Trinamool Congress West Bengal 2007 Aligned with the Congress party before the 2009 elections.
9 Indian National Lok Dal Haryana 2009 Left due to seat sharing disagreements during assembly elections 2009.
10 Biju Janata Dal Odisha 2009 Left the alliance just over a month before the 2009 elections.
11 Telangana Rashtra Samithi AP 2009 Left the alliance post defeat in 2009 election.
12 Ladakh Union Territory Front J & K 2010 Merged with BJP.
13 Kamtapur Progressive Party West Bengal 2010 Withdrew Support due to Merger with Kamtapur People's Party.
14 Uttarakhand Kranti Dal Uttarakhand 2012 Withdrew Support before State Elections
15 Rashtriya Lok Dal UP 2012 Has allied with Congress for 2012 Uttar Pradesh legislative assembly election
16 All Jharkhand Students Union Jharkhand 2012 Withdrew from alliance in 2012
17 Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Jharkhand 2012 Withdrew from alliance in 2012
18 Janata Dal (United) Bihar 2013 Withdrew from the alliance on June 17, 2013.
19 Janata Party National Party 2013 Merged with BJP

List of NDA Candidates for 2014[edit]

Alliance Election wise[edit]

For Lok Sabha Election 2014[edit]

Party Base State Seats Contesting Seats Won Seat Change
Bharatiya Janata Party National Party 428
Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 14
Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu 8
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 7
Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi Tamil Nadu 1
Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi Tamil Nadu 1
New Justice Party Tamil Nadu * - -
Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 30
Jana Sena Party Andhra Pradesh 0 - -
Shiv Sena Maharashtra 20
Swabhimani Paksha Maharashtra 2
Republican Party of India (Athvale) Maharashtra 1
Rashtriya Samaj Paksha Maharashtra 1
Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 10
Lok Janshakti Party Bihar 7
Rashtriya Lok Samata Party Bihar 3
Haryana Janhit Congress Haryana 2
Apna Dal Uttar Pradesh 2
Kerala Congress (Nationalist) Kerala 1
Revolutionary Socialist Party (Bolshevik) Kerala 1
All India N.R. Congress Puducherry 1
National People's Party (India) Meghalaya 1
Naga People's Front Nagaland 1
United Democratic Front Mizoram 1
Manipur Peoples Party Manipur 0 - -
North-East Regional Political Front North East # - -
Gorkha Janmukti Morcha West Bengal 0 - -
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party Goa 0 - -
Goa Vikas Party Goa 0 - -
National Democratic Alliance - Total India 543

(*) New Justice Party President Contesting in one seat as BJP Candidate in Lotus Symbol
(#) North-East Regional Political Front Members NPP, NPF and MNF are contesting in each Seats & Other 8 Members supporting NDA Candidates

For Lok Sabha Election 2009[edit]

Prime Minister Candidate Parties
L K Advani Bhartiya Janata Party

Shiv Sena
Shiromani Akali Dal
Indian National Lok Dal
Rashtriya Lok Dal
Asom Gana Parishad[20]
Nagaland People's Front
Gorkha Janmukti Morcha
Uttarakhand Kranti Dal
Kamtapur Progressive Party
Ladakh Union Territory Front
Janata Dal (United)
Telangana Rashtra Samithi[21]

For Lok Sabha Election 2004[edit]

Prime Minister Candidate Parties
A B Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party

Janata Dal (United)
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Telugu Desam Party
Biju Janata Dal
Shiromani Akali Dal
All India Trinamool Congress
Shiv Sena
Janata Party
Mizo National Front
Indian Federal Democratic Party
Manipur State Congress Party

For Lok Sabha Election 1999[edit]

Prime Minister Candidate Parties
A B Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party

Janata Dal (United)
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Samata Party
Biju Janata Dal
Shiromani Akali Dal
All India Trinamool Congress
Shiv Sena
Pattali Makkal Katchi
Lok Shakti
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhhagam
Haryana Vikas Party
Indian National Lok Dal
Mizo National Front
Sikkim Democratic Front
Manipur State Congress Party
Telugu Desam Party (External Support)

For Lok Sabha Election 1998[edit]

Prime Minister Candidate Parties
A B Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party

All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Samata Party
Biju Janata Dal
Shiromani Akali Dal
All India Trinamool Congress
Shiv Sena
Pattali Makkal Katchi
Lok Shakti
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhhagam
Haryana Vikas Party
Janata Party
Mizo National Front
NTR TDP(LP)

Year by Year Changes[edit]

2011[edit]

New parties that have joined NDA coalition are Haryana based Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) and Maharastra based Republican Party of India (Athvale).
Ajit Singh led Rashtriya Lok Dal has withdrawn from NDA.

2012[edit]

Presidential election

NDA nominated P. A. Sangma as its presidential candidate who lost against UPA's Pranab Mukherjee.

Vice-Presidential election

Jaswant Singh was named as the candidate for the post of Vice-President against UPA's Hamid Ansari. Ansari won his second term in office.[22]

2013[edit]

On 16 June 2013, Nitish Kumar led Janta Dal United(JD-U) has withdrawn from NDA.

On 13 September 2013, Narendra Modi declared as PM candidate for 2014 Elections

On 11 August 2013, after a discussion with BJP President Rajnath Singh, Janata Party Chairman Dr.Subramanian Swamy officially joined Bharatiya Janata Party and merged his Janata Party with the Bharatiya Janata Party in presence of BJP president Rajnath Singh.The announcement was made by Mr Swamy and BJP president Rajnath Singh after they met at the latter's residence in Delhi. Former BJP chief Nitin Gadkari and senior party leader Arun Jaitley were also present at the meet.

2014[edit]

On 1 January 2014, Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhhagam leader Vaiko has announced that MDMK formally joined back to NDA. Vaiko also announced Modi will be the best candidate for Prime Minister.[23] The two small parties viz Kongunadu Munnetra Kazhagam and Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi have also joined NDA Alliance. The BJP would like Two more southern parties such as Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam, Pattali Makkal Katchi to also join the alliance.[24]

In Maharashtra,two regional political outfits, Swabhimani Paksha and Rashtriya Samaj Paksha, joined NDA in January. [25] The coalition of Five parties is termed as Mahayuti. So in Maharashtra now NDA alliance consist of 5 Parties viz BJP, Shiv Sena, Republican Party of India (Athvale), Swabhimani Paksha and Rashtriya Samaj Paksha.[26]

On 23 February 2014, Rashtriya Lok Samata Party led by Upendra Kushwaha joined NDA and will be contesting at 3 Lok Sabha seats in Bihar.[27] On 27 February 2014 Lok Janshakti Party led by Ramvilas Paswan joined NDA[28] It would contest at 7 Lok Sabha Seats in Bihar during 2014 Elections.[29]

DMDK will be fighting Lok Sabha Election through an alliance with BJP led NDA.[30] MDMK, PMK led Social Democratic Alliance are the other allies of NDA in Tamil Nadu.

Maharashtra Navnirman Sena : Its President, Sh. Raj Thackeray announced external support to NDA on March 9, 2014 which is marked as Party's formation day, supporting Sh. Narendra Modi as Prime Ministerial Candidate.

All India NR Congress (AINRC) formally joined NDA on 13 March 2014 and will be contesting in Puducherry Lok Sabha constituency.[31]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Simta Prakash (2013-06-17). "NDA implodes". Mid-day.com. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  2. ^ Keith Jones (9 October 1999). "Hindu chauvinist-led coalition to form India's next government". World Socialist Web Site. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  3. ^ Sen, Amartya (2005). The Argumentative Indian. Penguin. p. 254. 
  4. ^ "Rediff on the NeT: TDP helps Vajpayee wins confidence vote". Rediff.com. Retrieved 2011-01-04. 
  5. ^ Sen, Amartya (2005). The Argumentative Indian. Penguin. 
  6. ^ Ramesh, Randeep (14 May 2004). "News World news Shock defeat for India's Hindu nationalists". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  7. ^ Editorial (14 May 2004). "THE MEANING OF VERDICT 2004". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  8. ^ Small parties, independents in great demand. Retrieved on July 15, 2008.
  9. ^ "NDA hopeful of more pre-poll and post-poll friends". Business Standard. 2014-02-28. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  10. ^ Tiwari, Ravish (2014-03-05). "Partners & possibles in BJP’s target 272 | The Indian Express | Page 2". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  11. ^ Dutta, Debjani (2014-03-13). "Rangasamy in NDA, Names Ex-Speaker as LS Candidate". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  12. ^ "BJP Forms State Chapter of NDA with 4 Parties". The New Indian Express. 2014-03-16. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  13. ^ "MPP to back BJP in Manipur LS polls". Telegraphindia.com. 2014-03-23. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  14. ^ "Apna Dal allies with NDA". The Hindu. 24 March 2014. 
  15. ^ "Northeast parties stitch alliance with NDA". IANS. Daily News and Analysis. 29 March 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  16. ^ R Guhambika (2 April 2014). "Homilies apart, TN NDA Tally Zilch on Women Candidates". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  17. ^ "BJP Projects Grand Alliance of 28 Parties". The New Indian Express. 2014-04-09. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  18. ^ "Goa Vikas party pledges support for BJP in Lok Sabha election". Times of India. 29 March 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  19. ^ "Third Front is born, asks for nation's trust". Retrieved 2009-03-12. 
  20. ^ The AGP has formed a seat-sharing agreement with the BJP in Assam, but has indicated that it does not intend to formally join the NDA."AGP announces its candidates for Lok Sabha polls". The Hindu. March 9, 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  21. ^ TRS joins NDA
  22. ^ "NDA names Jaswant Singh as its vice-presidential candidate". 16 July 2012. 
  23. ^ "Modi will become PM, says Vaiko". 1 January 2014. 
  24. ^ "Can Modi's magic help win BJP allies? Three southern parties to decide soon". Hindustan Times. 2014-01-01. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  25. ^ "Setback to AAP plans as Swabhimani Shetkari Sanghatana joins Sena-BJP led combine - Economic Times". Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com. 2014-01-07. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  26. ^ "SSS joins NDA, threat to NCP - Indian Express". Archive.indianexpress.com. 2014-01-08. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  27. ^ "LS polls: BJP joins hands with Upendra Kushwaha's Rashtriya Lok Samata Party - IBNLive". Ibnlive.in.com. 2014-02-23. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  28. ^ "Ram Vilas Paswan’s LJP returns to NDA, to contest from 7 seats in Bihar". Zeenews.india.com. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  29. ^ "LJP rejoins NDA, would contest 7 seats in Bihar in 2014 Elections". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  30. ^ Panwar, Preeti (2014-02-26). "Confirmed: DMDK-BJP form alliance in Tamil Nadu for LS polls - News Oneindia". News.oneindia.in. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  31. ^ Dutta, Debjani (2014-03-13). "Rangasamy in NDA, Names Ex-Speaker as LS Candidate". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 

External links[edit]