National Energy Board
The National Energy Board (French: Office national de l'énergie) is an independent economic regulatory agency created in 1959 by the Government of Canada to oversee "international and inter-provincial aspects of the oil, gas and electric utility industries". Its head office is located in Calgary, Alberta.
The NEB mainly regulates the construction and operation of oil and natural gas pipelines crossing provincial or international borders. The Board approves pipeline traffic, tolls and tariffs under the authority of the National Energy Board Act. It deals with approximately 750 applications annually, through written or oral proceedings.
The National Energy Board also has jurisdiction over the construction and operation of international power lines, defined as lines built "for the purpose of transmitting electricity from or to a place in Canada from or to a place outside of Canada". The Board also delivers permits and licences to sell electricity generated in Canada in the United States. The NEB also has jurisdiction over designated inter-provincial power lines, by determination of the federal Cabinet, but no such line has been designated, leaving the regulation of existing interties to provincial regulatory bodies. Recent NEB decisions in favour of petroleum-industry interests have led to increasing controversy.
"The Sierra Club of Canada Foundation is accusing the National Energy Board of “playing dirty tricks” in its approach to preventing oil spills in future offshore drilling in the Beaufort Sea. Current policy requires companies working in the Arctic to have the capability to drill a relief well in the same season to release pressure and stop oil flow in case of a blowout such as the one that happened with BP in the Gulf of Mexico. But the NEB has said that other equally effective methods would be considered... John Bennett, national program director for the Sierra Club of Canada Foundation, says once that happens, the discussion will be limited to whether or not the companies meet the criteria set out in that list. “A discussion of whether or not we need relief wells is now moot,” Bennett says. “This is a dirty trick by the oil industry and it’s fostered by the NEB in order to avert real questioning of what they’re planning to do.” (CBC News, August 14, 2014)≤CBC News, August 14, 2014≥
- Energy policy of Canada
- Electricity sector in Canada
- National Energy Program
- History of the petroleum industry in Canada
- National Energy Board (2010), Who we are & our governance, Calgary, retrieved 2010-09-07
- Government of Canada (2014-04-01) [Enacted 1985], National Energy Board Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. N-7), Department of Justice, retrieved 2014-11-03
- National Energy Board (2010), Our History, Calgary, retrieved 2010-09-07
- Blake, Cassels & Graydon LLP (March 2008), Overview of Electricity Regulation in Canada (PDF), retrieved 2010-09-07
- Global News (2014-03-14), National Energy Board Approves Enbridge's Line 9 with Conditions, retrieved 2014-11-25
- National Energy Board - Official web site
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