National Film Award for Best Actor

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National Film Award for Best Actor
Type National
Category Indian Cinema
Description Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role
Instituted 1967
First awarded 1967
Last awarded 2013
Total awarded 52
Awarded by Directorate of Film Festivals
Cash award INR50000 (US$820)
Medal Rajat Kamal (Silver Lotus)
Previous name(s) Bharat Award (1968–1974)
First awardee(s) Uttam Kumar
Recent awardee(s)  • Rajkummar Rao
 • Suraj Venjaramoodu

The National Film Award for Best Actor, officially known as the Rajat Kamal Award for the Best Actor (Hindi pronunciation: [rədʒət̪ kəməl]), is an honour presented annually at the National Film Awards of India instituted only since 1967 to actors who have delivered the best performance in a leading role within the Indian film industry.[1] Called the "State Awards for Films" when established in 1954, the National Film Awards ceremony is older than the Directorate of Film Festivals. The State Awards instituted the individual award in 1968 as the "Bharat Award for the Best Actor"; in 1975, it was renamed as the "Rajat Kamal Award for the Best Actor".[1][2][3] Throughout the past 45 years, accounting for ties and repeat winners, the Government of India has presented a total of 52 "Best Actor" awards to 40 different actors. Until 1974, winners of the National Film Award received a figurine and certificate; since 1975, they have been awarded with a "Rajat Kamal" (silver lotus), certificate and a cash prize.[I][2]

Although the Indian film industry produces films in around 20 languages and dialects,[1] the actors whose performances have won awards have worked in seven major languages: Hindi (21 awards), Malayalam (14 awards), Tamil (7 awards), Bengali (4 awards), Marathi (3 awards), Kannada (2 awards) and English (2 awards).

The first recipient was Uttam Kumar from Bengali cinema, who was honoured at the 15th National Film Awards in 1968 for his performances in Anthony Firingee and Chiriyakhana.[4] As of 2014, three actors—Kamal Haasan, Mammootty, and Amitabh Bachchan—have been honoured thrice and six actors—Sanjeev Kumar, Mithun Chakraborty, Om Puri, Naseeruddin Shah, Mohanlal and Ajay Devgn—have been awarded twice. Mithun and Mammootty are the only two actors who have achieved the honour for performances in films in two different languages. Mithun was awarded in 1977 for his performance in the Hindi film Mrigayaa, and in 1993 for the Bengali film Tahader Katha. Mammootty was bestowed with the awards for his performances in four Malayalam films: in 1990 for Mathilukal and Oru Vadakkan Veeragatha, and in 1994 for Ponthan Mada and Vidheyan; and in 1999 for starring as B. R. Ambedkar in the English film Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar (jointly shared with Devgn).[5]

Since 2000, Bachchan is the most successful actor, having won two awards: for his performances in Black (2006) and Paa (2010).[6] The most recent recipients are Rajkummar Rao (Hindi) and Suraj Venjaramoodu (Malayalam) who were honoured at the 61st National Film Awards ceremony for their performances in Shahid and Perariyathavar, respectively.[7]

Recipients[edit]

Kamal Haasan
Kamal Haasan is the first actor to win the award thrice.
Mithun Chakraborty
Mithun Chakraborty was awarded for his debut film.[8]
mammootty
Mammootty is the only actor to win the award based on two different performances from two different films in the same year.
Amitabh Bachchan
Amitabh Bachchan is the most successful actor since 2000 winning the honour thrice.
Key
Symbol Meaning
Year Indicates the year in which the film was censored by the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC)
dagger Indicates a joint award for that year
List of award recipients, showing the year, role(s), film(s) and language(s)
Year Recipient(s) Role(s) Work(s) Language(s) Refs.
1967
(15th)
Uttam Kumar Anthony Firingee
Byomkesh Bakshi
Antony Firingee
Chiriyakhana
Bengali [9]
1968
(16th)
Ashok Kumar Jogi Thakur Aashirwad Hindi [10]
1969
(17th)
Utpal Dutt Bhuvan Shome Bhuvan Shome Hindi [11]
1970
(18th)
Sanjeev Kumar Hamid Ahmed Dastak Hindi [12]
1971
(19th)
M. G. Ramachandran Selvam Rickshawkaran Tamil [13]
1972
(20th)
Sanjeev Kumar Hari Charan Mathur Koshish Hindi [12]
1973
(21st)
P. J. Antony Velichapad Nirmalyam Malayalam [2]
1974
(22nd)
Sadhu Meher Kishtaya Ankur Hindi [3]
1975
(23rd)
M. V. Vasudeva Rao Choma Chomana Dudi Kannada [14]
1976
(24th)
Mithun Chakraborty Ghinua Mrigayaa Hindi [15]
1977
(25th)
Bharath Gopi Shankarankutty Kodiyettam Malayalam [16]
1978
(26th)
Arun Mukherjee Parashuram Parashuram Bengali [17]
1979
(27th)
Naseeruddin Shah Anirudh Parmar Sparsh Hindi [18]
1980
(28th)
Balan K. Nair Govindan Oppol Malayalam [19]
1981
(29th)
Om Puri Hari Mondal Arohan Hindi [20]
1982
(30th)
Kamal Haasan Srinivas (Seenu) Moondram Pirai Tamil [21]
1983
(31st)
Om Puri Anant Velankar Ardh Satya Hindi [22]
1984
(32nd)
Naseeruddin Shah Naurangia Paar Hindi [18]
1985
(33rd)
Shashi Kapoor Vikas Pande New Delhi Times Hindi [23]
1986
(34th)
Charuhasan Tabara Shetty Tabarana Kathe Kannada [24]
1987
(35th)
Kamal Haasan Velu Nayakar[II] Nayagan Tamil [25]
1988
(36th)
Premji Raghava Chakyar Piravi Malayalam [26]
1989
(37th)
Mammootty Vaikom Muhammad Basheer[III]
Chandu Chekava
Mathilukal
Oru Vadakkan Veeragatha
Malayalam [27]
1990
(38th)
Amitabh Bachchan Vijay Deenanath Chauhan Agneepath Hindi [28]
1991
(39th)
Mohanlal Gopinathan Bharatham Malayalam [29]
1992
(40th)
Mithun Chakraborty Shibnath Tahader Katha Bengali [15]
1993
(41st)
Mammootty Ponthan Mada
Bhaskara Patelar
Ponthan Mada
Vidheyan
Malayalam [27]
1994
(42nd)
Nana Patekar Pratap Narayan Tilak Krantiveer Hindi [30]
1995
(43rd)
Rajit Kapur Mahatma Gandhi The Making of the Mahatma English [31]
1996
(44th)
Kamal Haasan Senapathy (Indian),
Chandrabose
Indian Tamil [32]
1997
(45th)
dagger
Balachandra Menon Ismail Samaantharangal Malayalam [33]
1997
(45th)
dagger
Suresh Gopi Kannan Perumalayan Kaliyattam Malayalam [33]
1998
(46th)
dagger
Ajay Devgn Ajay R. Desai Zakhm Hindi [5]
1998
(46th)
dagger
Mammootty Ambedkar Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar English [5]
1999
(47th)
Mohanlal Kunhikuttan Vanaprastham Malayalam [34]
2000
(48th)
Anil Kapoor Major Jaidev Rajvansh Pukar Hindi [35]
2001
(49th)
Murali Appa Mestry Neythukaran Malayalam [36]
2002
(50th)
Ajay Devgn Bhagat Singh The Legend of Bhagat Singh Hindi [37]
2003
(51st)
Vikram Chithan Pithamagan Tamil [38]
2004
(52nd)
Saif Ali Khan Karan Kapoor Hum Tum Hindi [39]
2005
(53rd)
Amitabh Bachchan Debraj Sahai Black Hindi [40]
2006
(54th)
Soumitra Chatterjee Shashanka Palit Podokkhep Bengali [41]
2007
(55th)
Prakash Raj Vengadam Kanchivaram Tamil [42]
2008
(56th)
Upendra Limaye Tayappa Jogwa Marathi [43]
2009
(57th)
Amitabh Bachchan Auro Paa Hindi [44]
2010
(58th)
dagger
Dhanush Karuppu Aadukalam Tamil [45]
2010
(58th)
dagger
Salim Kumar Abu Adaminte Makan Abu Malayalam [45]
2011
(59th)
Girish Kulkarni Keshya Deool Marathi [46]
2012
(60th)
dagger
Irrfan Khan Paan Singh Tomar Paan Singh Tomar Hindi [47]
2012
(60th)
dagger
Vikram Gokhale Ratnakar Anumati Marathi [47]
2013
(61st)
dagger
Rajkummar Rao Shahid Azmi Shahid Hindi [7]
2013
(61st)
dagger
Suraj Venjaramoodu Unknown[IV] Perariyathavar Malayalam [7]

Notes[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

^[I] As of 2014, the cash prize is INR50000 (US$820).[47]
^[II] The character played by Kamal Haasan was loosely based on the Mumbai-based Tamil gangster Varadarajan Mudaliar.[48]
^[III] Mammooty played the real-life character of Vaikom Muhammad Basheer in the film that was based on an autobiographical novel of the same name by Basheer himself.[49]
^[IV] The character remained unnamed throughout the film.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "About National Film Awards". Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 31 July 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c "21st National Awards For Films (1974)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 16. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "22nd National Film Festival (1975)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 14. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "National Awards for Films: Uttam Kumar (1967)". Directorate of Film Festivals. 25 November 1968. p. 29. Retrieved 31 July 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 24. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  6. ^ "Amitabh Bachchan". The Hindustan Times. 18 August 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c "61st National Film Awards Announced" (PDF) (Press release). Press Information Bureau (PIB), India. 16 April 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  8. ^ Ghosh, Avijit (10 July 2010). "Mithun: Sexy at sixty". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  9. ^ "14th National Film Awards For Films (1968)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. 25 November 1968. p. 4. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  10. ^ "16th National Awards For Films (1969)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. 13 February 1970. p. 4. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  11. ^ Gokulsing, K. & Dissanayake, Wimal (2004). Indian popular cinema: a narrative of cultural change. Trentham Books. p. 97. ISBN 1-85856-329-1. 
  12. ^ a b "20th National Awards For Films (1971)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 41. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  13. ^ "About MGR – Dr. M. G. Ramachandran". mgrhome.org. MGR Memorial Charitable Trust. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  14. ^ "23rd National Film Festival (1976)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 6. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  15. ^ a b "40th National Film Festival" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. pp. 38–39. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  16. ^ "25th National Film Festival (1978)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 7. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  17. ^ The Times of India directory & yearbook, including who's who. Times of India Press. HathiTrust. 1980. 
  18. ^ a b "32nd National Film Festival (1985)" (PDF) (in Hindi). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 12. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  19. ^ "28th National Film Festival (1981)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 12. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  20. ^ "29th National Film Festival (1982)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 10. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  21. ^ "30th National Film Festival (1983)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 12. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  22. ^ "31st National Film Festival June 1984" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 12. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  23. ^ Chatterjee, Saibal; Nihalani, Govind & Guljar (2003). "Kapoor, Shashi (b. 1938)". Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Delhi: Popular Prakashan. p. 568. ISBN 81-7991-066-0. 
  24. ^ "34th National Film Awards 1987". Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 24. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  25. ^ "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 26. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  26. ^ Nagarajan, Saraswathy (17 September 2010). "Smooth sailing". The Hindu. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  27. ^ a b "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. pp. 34–35. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  28. ^ "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 26. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  29. ^ "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 36. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  30. ^ "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 24. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  31. ^ "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 24. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  32. ^ "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 22. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  33. ^ a b "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 24. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  34. ^ "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 24. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  35. ^ "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 40. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  36. ^ "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 30. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  37. ^ "Standing ovation for Dev Anand". The Tribune (Chandigarh). Tribune News Service. 30 December 2003. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  38. ^ "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 28. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  39. ^ "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 28. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  40. ^ "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 28. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  41. ^ "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 26. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  42. ^ "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 32. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  43. ^ "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 34. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  44. ^ "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 64. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  45. ^ a b "Award for the Best Actor" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 3. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  46. ^ "59th National Film Awards for 2011 – Feature Films" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  47. ^ a b c "60th National Film Awards Announced" (PDF) (Press release). Press Information Bureau (PIB), India. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  48. ^ "Of course Velu Nayakan doesn't dance". The Hindu. 18 January 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  49. ^ "Mammootty as Basheer’s Majid". Bangalore Mirror. 21 July 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 

External links[edit]