National Film Award for Best Actress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
National Film Award for Best Actress
Type National
Category Indian Cinema
Description Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role
Instituted 1953
First awarded 1967
Last awarded 2013
Total awarded 50
Awarded by Directorate of Film Festivals
Cash award INR50,000 (US$820)
Medal Rajat Kamal (Silver Lotus)
Previous name(s) Urvashi Award (1967–73)
First awardee(s) Nargis Dutt
Recent awardee(s) Geetanjali Thapa

The National Film Award for Best Actress (officially known as the Rajat Kamal Award for the Best Actress) is an honour presented annually at the National Film Awards of India since 1968 to an actress for the best performance in a leading role within the Indian film industry.[1][2] The National Film Awards were called the "State Awards for Films" when established in 1954. The State Awards instituted the "Best Actress" category in 1968 as the "Urvashi Award for the Best Actress";[1][3][4] in 1975, the "Urvashi Award" was renamed as the "Rajat Kamal Award for the Best Actress". Throughout the years, accounting for ties and repeat winners, the Government of India has presented a total of 49 Best Actress awards to 39 different actresses.

Until 1974, winners of the National Film Award received a figurine and certificate; since 1975, they have been awarded with a "Rajat Kamal" (silver lotus), certificate and a cash prize that amounted to INR50,000 (US$820) in 2012.[3] Although the Indian film industry produces films in more than 20 languages and dialects,[5] the actresses whose performances have won awards have worked in ten major languages: Assamese, Bengali, English, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.

The first recipient was Nargis Dutt from Bollywood, who was honoured at the 15th National Film Award (1968) for her performance in Raat Aur Din.[6] The actress who won the most number of Rajat Kamal awards is Shabana Azmi with five wins,[7] followed by Sharada with three. As of 2012, four actresses—Smita Patil, Archana, Shobana and Tabu—have won the award twice. Sharada, Archana and Shobana are the only three actresses to get the award for performing in two different languages. Sharada was bestowed with the awards for her performances in two Malayalam films: Thulabharam and Swayamvaram in 1970 and 1973 respectively, and in 1979 for the Telugu film Nimajjanam. Archana was first honoured in 1988 for the Tamil film Veedu and was awarded for the second time in 1989 for the Telugu film Daasi. Shobana received her first award for the Malayalam film Manichitrathazhu in 1994, and her second for the English film Mitr, My Friend in 2002. As of 2011, Monisha Unni was the youngest actress to win this honour. She won the award for the Malayalam film Nakhakshathangal in 1987 when she was 16.[8][9] Indrani Haldar and Rituparna Sengupta are the only two actresses to be honoured for the same film. The most recent recipient is Geetanjali Thapa, who was honoured at the 61st National Film Awards ceremony for her performance in the Hindi film Liar's Dice.[10]

Key[edit]

Symbol Meaning
dagger Indicates a joint award for that year

Recipients[edit]

Shabana Azmi
Shabana Azmi is the most frequent winner with five awards.
Tabu
Tabu is one of the four actresses to win the honour twice.
Shobana
Shobana is the third actress to be honoured for performing in two different languages.
Priyanka Chopra was awarded for her work in Fashion in 2008
List of award recipients, showing the year, role(s), film(s) and language(s)
Year[I] Recipient(s) Role(s) Work(s) Language(s) Refs.[II]
1967
(15th)
Nargis Dutt Varuna/Peggy[III] Raat Aur Din Hindi [11][12]
1968
(16th)
Sharada Vijaya Thulabharam Malayalam [13][14]
1969
(17th)
Madhabi Mukherjee Supriya Dibratrir Kabya Bengali [15]
1970
(18th)
Rehana Sultan Salma Ahmed Dastak Hindi [15][16]
1971
(19th)
Waheeda Rehman Reshma Reshma Aur Shera Hindi [17]
1972
(20th)

Sharada Sita Swayamvaram Malayalam [18][19]
1973
(21st)
Nandini Bhaktavatsala Kamali Kaadu Kannada [3][20]
1974
(22nd)
Shabana Azmi Laxmi Ankur Hindi [4]
1975
(23rd)
Sharmila Tagore Chanda, Kajli[IV] Mausam Hindi [21][22]
1976
(24th)
Lakshmi Ganga Sila Nerangalil Sila Manithargal Tamil [23]
1977
(25th)
Smita Patil Usha Bhumika Hindi [24][25]
1978
(26th)
Sharada Bharathi Nimajjanam Telugu [26]
1979
(27th)
Shoba Kuppamma Pasi Tamil [27][28]
1980
(28th)
Smita Patil Amma Chakra Hindi [29]
1981
(29th)
Rekha Amiran (Umrao Jaan)[V] Umrao Jaan Urdu [30]
1982
(30th)
Shabana Azmi Pooja Inder Malhotra Arth Hindi [31][32]
1983
(31st)
Shabana Azmi Jamini Khandhar Hindi [33][34]
1984
(32nd)
Shabana Azmi Rama Paar Hindi [35][36]
1985
(33rd)
Suhasini Sindhu Sindhu Bhairavi Tamil [37]
1986
(34th)
Monisha Unni Gouri Nakhakshathangal Malayalam [8]
1987
(35th)
Archana Sudha Veedu Tamil [38]
1988
(36th)
Archana Kamalakshi Daasi Telugu [39]
1989
(37th)
Sreelekha Mukherji Lakkhi Parshuramer Kuthar Bengali [40]
1990
(38th)
Vijayashanti Vyjayanthi Karthavyam Telugu [41]
1991
(39th)
Moloya Goswami Ritu Firingoti Assamese [42]
1992
(40th)
Dimple Kapadia Shanichari Rudaali Hindi [43]
1993
(41st)
Shobana Ganga Manichitrathazhu Malayalam [44]
1994
(42nd)
Debashree Roy Aditi Unishe April Bengali [45]
1995
(43rd)
Seema Biswas Phoolan Devi Bandit Queen Hindi [46]
1996
(44th)
Tabu Virender Kaur Maachis Hindi [47]
1997
(45th)
dagger
Indrani Haldar Jhinuk Dahan Bengali [48]
1997
(45th)
dagger
Rituparna Sengupta Romita Chaudhury Dahan Bengali [48]
1998
(46th)
Shabana Azmi Rambhi Godmother Hindi [49]
1999
(47th)
Kirron Kher Banalata Bariwali Bengali [50]
2000
(48th)
Raveena Tandon Durga Daman: A Victim of Marital Violence Hindi [51]
2001
(49th)
dagger
Tabu Mumtaz Chandni Bar Hindi [52]
2001
(49th)
dagger
Shobana Lakshmi Mitr, My Friend English [52]
2002
(50th)
Konkona Sen Sharma Meenakshi S. Iyer Mr. and Mrs. Iyer English [53]
2003
(51st)
Meera Jasmine Shahina Paadam Onnu: Oru Vilapam Malayalam [54]
2004
(52nd)
Tara Hasina Hasina Kannada [55]
2005
(53rd)
Sarika Shernaz Parzania English [56]
2006
(54th)
Priyamani Muththazhagu Paruthiveeran Tamil [57]
2007
(55th)
Umashree Gulabi Gulabi Talkies Kannada [58]
2008
(56th)
Priyanka Chopra Meghna Mathur Fashion Hindi [59]
2009
(57th)
Ananya Chatterjee Shikha Abohoman Bengali [60]
2010
(58th)
dagger
Mitalee Jagtap Varadkar Shirmi Baboo Band Baaja Marathi [61]
2010
(58th)
dagger
Saranya Ponvannan Veerayi Thenmerku Paruvakaatru Tamil [61]
2011
(59th)
Vidya Balan Reshma (Silk)[VI] The Dirty Picture Hindi [62]
2012
(60th)
Usha Jadhav Yashoda Dhag Marathi [63]
2013
(61st)
Geetanjali Thapa Kamala Liar's Dice Hindi [10]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

^[I] Year in which the film was censored by the Central Board of Film Certification.
^[II] The "Refs." cites the winner and the role played by them in the film.
^[III] Nargis Dutt—the lead actress—played the role of a woman suffering from multiple personality disorder in the film.[64]
^[IV] Sharmila Tagore—the lead actress—performed dual roles in the film.[65]
^[V] Rekha—the lead actress—played a single character which had two different names.[66]
^[VI] Vidya Balan—the lead actress—played a single character which had two different names.[67]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sabharwal, Gopa (2007). India Since 1947: The Independent Years. Penguin Books India. p. 116. ISBN 978-0-14-310274-8. Retrieved 9 January 2013. 
  2. ^ "About National Film Awards". Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 24 October 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c "21st National Awards For Films (1974)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 17. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "22nd National Film Festival (1975)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 15. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  5. ^ "Central Board of Film Certification – Annual Report 2011" (PDF). Central Board of Film Certification. p. 33. Retrieved 25 November 2012. 
  6. ^ "National Awards for Films – 1967 – Nargis Dutt" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. 25 November 1968. p. 29. Retrieved 24 October 2011. 
  7. ^ Nagarajan, Saraswathy (18 December 2004). "Coffee break with Shabana Azmi". The Hindu. Retrieved 21 December 2010. 
  8. ^ a b "34th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 27. Retrieved 19 January 2011. 
  9. ^ Bharathan, Hemjit (27 October 2008). "Grit to conquer grief". The Hindu. Retrieved 24 October 2011. 
  10. ^ a b "61st National Film Awards Announced" (PDF) (Press release). Press Information Bureau (PIB), India. 16 April 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "15th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  12. ^ "Raat Aur Din – Cast & credits". British Film Institute. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  13. ^ "16th National Film Awards - 1970" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  14. ^ B. Vijayakumar (10 October 2010). "Thulabharam 1968". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  15. ^ a b "17th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  16. ^ The Illustrated Weekly of India 92. 1971. p. 57. Retrieved 9 January 2013. 
  17. ^ Kohli, Suresh (25 October 2008). "Blast from the past – Reshma Aur Shera 1971". The Hindu. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  18. ^ "20th National Film Awards – 1972" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 43. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  19. ^ "Adoor made us forget our identities". Rediff.com. 8 September 2005. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  20. ^ Purohit, Vinayak (1988). Arts of transitional India twentieth century. Popular Prakashan. p. 1136. ISBN 978-0-86132-138-4. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  21. ^ "23rd National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  22. ^ Raheja, Dinesh. "Mausam – The tantalising ambiguity of relationships". Rediff.com. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  23. ^ Baskaran, Sundararaj Theodore (1996). The eye of the serpent: an introduction to Tamil cinema. East West Books. p. 149. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  24. ^ "25th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. pp. 6–7. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  25. ^ Dinesh Raheja; Jitendra Kothari. "The Best of Smita Patil – Bhumika". Rediff.com. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  26. ^ "26th National Film Awards – 1979" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 36. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  27. ^ Ashok Kumar, S. R (3 May 2002). "It's a heavy price to pay". The Hindu. Retrieved 24 October 2011. 
  28. ^ Rajadhyaksha, Ashish; Willemen, Paul (26 June 1999). Encyclopaedia of Indian cinema. British Film Institute. p. 442. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  29. ^ "28th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  30. ^ "29th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 12. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  31. ^ "30th National Film Awards - 1983" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  32. ^ Raheja, Dinesh (8 July 2003). "'Arth': an ode to relationships". Rediff.com. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  33. ^ "31st National Film Awards - 1984" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  34. ^ "Shabana Azmi On Classiness in Cinema". Forbes. 27 April 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  35. ^ "32nd National Film Awards - 1985" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  36. ^ Bowker (1986). Variety's Film Reviews: 1983–1984. R.R. Bowker. ISBN 978-0-8352-2798-8. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  37. ^ "32nd Nationa Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 25. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  38. ^ "35th National Film Awards - 1988" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 29. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  39. ^ "36th National Film Festival – 1989" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 28. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  40. ^ "37th National Film Awards - 1990" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 34. Retrieved 19 January 2011. 
  41. ^ "38th National Film Awards - 1991" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  42. ^ "39th National Film Festival – 1992" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 38. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  43. ^ "40th National Film Awards - 1993" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals - 1993. pp. 40–41. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  44. ^ "41st National Film Awards - 1994" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. pp. 36–37. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  45. ^ "42nd National Film Awards - 1995" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. pp. 26–27. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  46. ^ "43rd National Film Awards - 1996" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. pp. 26–27. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  47. ^ - 1997 "44th National Film Awards – 1997" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 24. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  48. ^ a b "45th National Film Awards – 1998" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 27. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  49. ^ "46th National Film Awards – 1999" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 26. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  50. ^ "47th National Film Awards – 2000" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 26. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  51. ^ "48th National Film Awards – 2001" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 42. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  52. ^ a b "49th National Film Awards – 2002" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. pp. 32–33. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  53. ^ "50th National Film Awards – 2003" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. pp. 34–35. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  54. ^ "51st National Film Awards – 2004" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 30. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  55. ^ "52nd National Film Awards - 2005" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 31. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  56. ^ "53rd National Film Awards – 2006" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 30. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  57. ^ "54th National Film Awards – 2006" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 28. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  58. ^ "55th National Film Awards – 2007" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 34. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  59. ^ "56th National Film Awards – 2008" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 36. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  60. ^ "57th National Film Awards – 2009" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 66. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  61. ^ a b "58th National Film Awards – 2010" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 78. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  62. ^ Jebaraj, Priscilla (7 March 2012). "Byari, a winning debut; Vidya Balan best actress". The Hindu. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  63. ^ "60th National Film Awards Announced" (PDF) (Press release). Press Information Bureau (PIB), India. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  64. ^ Sinha, Meenakshi (18 October 2009). "New ailments to spice up BO". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  65. ^ A. Chatterji, Shoma (16 October 2005). "I was different from other actresses". The Tribune. Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  66. ^ Devi, Sangeetha (3 November 2006). "Umrao Jaan unplugged". The Hindu. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  67. ^ Chopra, Sonia. "The Dirty Picture review: Take a bow, Vidya Balan!". Sify. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 

External links[edit]