National Forest Corporation (Chile)

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CONAF Corporacion Nacional Forestal
Corporacion Nacional Forestal
Corporación Nacional Forestal.jpeg
Ministry of Agriculture
Environmental overview
Formed 1972
Preceding Environmental "Reforestation Corporation" or COREF (Corporación de Reforestación')
Superseding agency Ministry of Agriculture
Type Environmental
Jurisdiction National
Headquarters Santiago
Motto CONAF, for a sustainably forested Chile ("CONAF, por un Chile Forestal Sustentable")
Employees more than 1900
Website CONAF official website

The National Forest Corporation or CONAF (Corporación Nacional Forestal) is a Chilean private, non-profit organization, through which the Chilean state contributes to the development and sustainable management of the country's forest resources. CONAF is overseen and funded by the Ministry of Agriculture of Chile.[1]

It administers the forest policies of Chile and promotes the development of the sector with sustainable forest management.

CONAF is also the governing body of all the national parks of Chile, including those without forests or major vegetation, such as Llullaillaco National Park and others in the Atacama Desert.

A Coypu, the CONAF mascot

History[edit]

CONAF was created on May 13, 1970 as the "Reforestation Corporation" or COREF (Corporación de Reforestación'). In 1972 it acquired its current powers, structure and name. In 1976 it adopted Forestín, a coypu, as its mascot.[2]

In 1984, under Chilean law Nº 18,348,[3] a move was made to modify the private corporation status of CONAF and make it a government agency. In October 2012 the Chilean senate considered and rejected a proposal to convert CONAF's legal nature from that of a "private corporation" to that of a public (government) agency. The rejected proposal would have created a National Forest Service (Servicio Nacional Forestal). During the legislative proceedings, testimony was made that addressed the "anomalous" nature of a private corporation performing functions that should be performed by a wholly government agency or agencies. However, as of November 2014, such a status change has not taken place.

Mission and goals[edit]

CONAF's mission is to contribute to Chile's development through the sustainable use of forest ecosystems, the mitigation of the climate change, the promotion and enforcement of forestry and environmental laws, protect natural resources, and administrate the wildlife areas protected by the government for the generations to come.[4]

Forestin and kindergarten kids

This includes:

  • Contribute to the development of sustainable forestry resources and their use in goods and services that prioritize their responsible use and mitigation of damage to the environment. Contribute to the country's economic, social and environmental development. Replant, recover and care for endemic forest species and trees in urban areas.
  • Protect the forest ecosystems from biotic and abiotic agents and harmful events such as: unlawful exploitation, blights and infestations, wildfires, desertification.
  • The efficient administration of the National System of Wild Areas Protected by the State (Sistema Nacional de Áreas Silvestres Protegidas del Estado - SNASPE), in order to maximise their environmental, social and economic potential.

Organization[edit]

Although CONAF is not technically a government agency, it has similar functions and attributes. It is a "corporación de derecho privado" which in Chile is means a non-profit juridical person, and is wholly dependent of the Ministry of Agriculture of Chile.[5]

Administration[edit]

It is headed by a Directive Council (Consejo Directivo) and administered by an Executive Director (Director Ejecutivo) named by the Chilean president in office. There are also Regional Directors, overseen by the Executive Director.

CONAF has three "Gerencias de áreas técnicas" or technical areas of management
  • Forest Management:

In charge of preserving the native forest and administrating the sustainable exploitation of the forest ecosystem.

  • Wildfires Management:

Responsible for coordinating the wildfires prevention programs and organizing the logistics of fighting wildfires.

  • Wild Protected Area Management:

In charge of administrating the National Parks, National Reserves, and Natural Monuments. Responsible for preserving their biodiversity and public access.

CONAF also has a legal department ("Fiscalia"), a financial administration department ("Gerencia de Finanzas y Administración"), and a human resources and development department ("Gerencia de Desarrollo de las Personas").

CONAF firefighters in Valparaiso, Chile
Human resources

CONAF has more than 135 offices throughout Chile and more than 1,900 employees (professionals, technicians and administrative staff). 450 of them are highly qualified Park Rangers trained to help visitors.

Material resources

CONAF's resources include Regional Offices, visitor centres and facilities, forest nurseries, wildfire observation towers and bases, and all kind of vehicles to carry out its work in land, water or air.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CONAF Quienes somos (ES) http://www.conaf.cl retrieved on November 13, 2014
  2. ^ Libro Corporativo CONAF Libro Corporativo CONAF Primera edición, agosto 2013, Santiago de Chile, Copyright: Corporación Nacional Forestal, Inscripcion Nº 230805. ISBN 978-956-12-2601-2, retrieved on November 13, 2014
  3. ^ law Nº 18,348 (ES) Law that creates the "Corporacion Nacional Forestal y de proteccion de recursos naturales renovables" (Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile - BCN, retrieved on November 13, 2014
  4. ^ Libro Corporativo CONAF Libro Corporativo CONAF Primera edición, agosto 2013, Santiago de Chile, Copyright: Corporación Nacional Forestal, Inscripcion Nº 230805. ISBN 978-956-12-2601-2, retrieved on November 13, 2014
  5. ^ Ministry of Agriculture of Chile (ES) minagri.gob.cl retrieved on November 13, 2014

External links[edit]